Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: southeast Asia, East Indies, Australia, New Zealand, south Pacific, Antarctica
  • Total Eclipse: Australia, New Zealand, south Pacific

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2038 Dec 26 at 01:00:10 TD (00:58:51 UT1). This is 1.7 days after the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Sagittarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 1435.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 142 and is number 24 of 72 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The total solar eclipse of 2038 Dec 26 is preceded two weeks earlier by a penumbral lunar eclipse on 2038 Dec 11.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 78.5 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26 .


Eclipse Data: Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.02685
Eclipse Obscuration 1.05443
Gamma-0.28813
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2038 Dec 26 at 01:00:09.7 TD (00:58:51.1 UT1) 2465783.540870
Ecliptic Conjunction 2038 Dec 26 at 01:03:10.7 TD (01:01:52.1 UT1) 2465783.542964
Equatorial Conjunction 2038 Dec 26 at 01:02:10.7 TD (01:00:52.1 UT1) 2465783.542270
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2038 Dec 26 at 01:00:09.7 TD (00:58:51.1 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension18h18m51.7s18h18m46.7s
Declination-23°21'47.8"-23°39'05.4"
Semi-Diameter 16'15.7" 16'25.8"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 1°00'18.1"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 3.3°
b 0.4°
c -3.4°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 78.5 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 142 (24/72)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP122:20:51.422:19:32.806°21.9'S112°25.2'E
First Internal ContactP200:23:04.900:21:46.332°16.1'S068°48.3'E
Last Internal ContactP301:37:10.701:35:52.138°58.2'S093°26.1'W
Last External ContactP403:39:31.203:38:12.613°22.7'S138°34.1'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N123:07:51.523:06:33.016°38.9'N110°51.4'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S100:06:46.000:05:27.546°46.1'S061°21.3'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N202:52:30.802:51:12.309°39.9'N136°56.1'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S201:53:28.601:52:10.152°47.8'S083°16.8'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU123:19:15.023:17:56.511°51.0'S095°23.2'E
First Internal ContactU223:19:51.923:18:33.311°56.4'S095°11.6'E
Last Internal ContactU302:40:28.502:39:09.918°55.2'S121°11.6'W
Last External ContactU402:41:01.502:39:43.018°50.4'S121°22.2'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N123:19:25.323:18:06.811°44.6'S095°23.5'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S123:19:41.623:18:23.112°02.8'S095°11.2'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N202:40:52.302:39:33.718°44.7'S121°22.7'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S202:40:37.602:39:19.119°00.9'S121°11.1'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C123:19:33.423:18:14.911°53.7'S095°17.4'E
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C202:40:45.002:39:26.518°52.8'S121°16.9'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse01:00:09.700:58:51.140°16.7'S163°36.0'E 73.0° 4.5° 95.3 km02m18.16s
Greatest Duration00:59:26.300:58:07.740°14.8'S163°35.7'E 73.0° 6.2° 95.3 km02m18.17s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2038 Dec 26 at 01:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 -0.02069 -0.28739 -23.3626 0.54353 -0.00262 194.9222
1 0.56985 -0.03797 0.0015 0.00009 0.00009 14.9964
2 -0.00000 0.00019 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047537
Tan ƒ2 0.0047300

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 1.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2038 Dec 26 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 78.5 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.