Saros 142

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 142

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 142

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 142 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 142
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 1624-Apr-1717:16:17 87 16 -4647 Pb t- -1.5208 0.0582 71S 23W 0 - -
2-34 1642-Apr-2900:29:42 60 14 -4424 P t- -1.4586 0.1660 71S 145W 0 - -
3-33 1660-May-0907:36:44 34 11 -4201 P t- -1.3898 0.2868 70S 96E 0 - -
4-32 1678-May-2014:40:42 15 8 -3978 P t- -1.3172 0.4158 69S 22W 0 - -
5-31 1696-May-3021:41:22 8 6 -3755 P t- -1.2406 0.5534 68S 139W 0 - -
6-30 1714-Jun-1204:40:01 9 4 -3532 P t- -1.1610 0.6976 67S 106E 0 - -
7-29 1732-Jun-2211:38:47 11 4 -3309 P t- -1.0800 0.8457 66S 9W 0 - -
8-28 1750-Jul-0318:38:51 13 3 -3086 P t- -0.9985 0.9956 65S 124W 0 - -
9-27 1768-Jul-1401:40:57 16 2 -2863 H t- -0.9176 1.0055 43S 137E 23 4800m29s
10-26 1786-Jul-2508:46:33 17 2 -2640 T t- -0.8384 1.0106 35S 31E 33 6600m59s
11-25 1804-Aug-0515:57:13 12 1 -2417 T p- -0.7622 1.0144 29S 77W 40 7501m20s
12-24 1822-Aug-1623:14:34 11 1 -2194 T p- -0.6904 1.0173 26S 174E 46 8001m35s
13-23 1840-Aug-2706:37:32 5 1 -1971 T p- -0.6224 1.0195 24S 63E 51 8301m45s
14-22 1858-Sep-0714:09:29 7 0 -1748 T p- -0.5609 1.0210 24S 50W 56 8501m50s
15-21 1876-Sep-1721:49:15 -4 0 -1525 T p- -0.5054 1.0220 25S 164W 60 8601m53s
16-20 1894-Sep-2905:39:02 -6 0 -1302 T p- -0.4574 1.0226 26S 79E 63 8601m55s
17-19 1912-Oct-1013:36:14 14 0 -1079 T p- -0.4149 1.0229 28S 40W 65 8501m55s
18-18 1930-Oct-2121:43:53 24 0 -856 T p- -0.3804 1.0230 31S 161W 67 8401m55s
19-17 1948-Nov-0105:59:18 29 0 -633 T n- -0.3517 1.0231 33S 76E 69 8401m56s
20-16 1966-Nov-1214:23:28 37 0 -410 T n- -0.3300 1.0234 36S 48W 71 8401m57s
21-15 1984-Nov-2222:54:17 54 0 -187 T n- -0.3132 1.0237 38S 174W 72 8502m00s
22-14 2002-Dec-0407:32:16 64 0 36 T n- -0.3020 1.0244 39S 60E 72 8702m04s
23-13 2020-Dec-1416:14:39 70 0 259 T n- -0.2939 1.0254 40S 68W 73 9002m10s
24-12 2038-Dec-2601:00:10 79 3 482 T n- -0.2881 1.0269 40S 164E 73 9502m18s
25-11 2057-Jan-0509:47:52 90 7 705 T n- -0.2837 1.0287 39S 35E 73 10202m29s
26-10 2075-Jan-1618:36:04 104 12 928 T n- -0.2799 1.0311 37S 94W 74 11002m42s
27 -9 2093-Jan-2703:22:16 120 18 1151 T n- -0.2737 1.0340 34S 136E 74 11902m58s
28 -8 2111-Feb-0812:05:33 139 24 1374 T n- -0.2650 1.0374 30S 6E 74 13003m17s
29 -7 2129-Feb-1820:44:37 161 32 1597 T n- -0.2526 1.0411 26S 123W 75 14203m38s
30 -6 2147-Mar-0205:18:54 185 40 1820 T n- -0.2359 1.0452 21S 108E 76 15504m02s
31 -5 2165-Mar-1213:45:50 211 48 2043 T n- -0.2130 1.0495 15S 19W 78 16804m27s
32 -4 2183-Mar-2322:06:49 241 57 2266 T n- -0.1848 1.0540 9S 146W 79 18104m54s
33 -3 2201-Apr-0406:19:56 272 67 2489 T n- -0.1495 1.0584 3S 89E 81 19405m20s
34 -2 2219-Apr-1514:26:33 307 77 2712 T n- -0.1086 1.0628 4N 34W 84 20705m45s
35 -1 2237-Apr-2522:25:03 344 88 2935 T nn -0.0606 1.0669 10N 154W 87 21906m05s
36 0 2255-May-0706:18:06 383 99 3158 T nn -0.0076 1.0706 16N 86E 90 23006m22s
37 1 2273-May-1714:04:30 426 111 3381 Tm nn 0.0515 1.0738 23N 31W 87 24006m31s
38 2 2291-May-2821:45:28 470 123 3604 T nn 0.1153 1.0764 28N 145W 83 24906m34s
39 3 2309-Jun-0905:21:55 518 136 3827 T -n 0.1833 1.0783 34N 102E 79 25706m30s
40 4 2327-Jun-2012:55:00 567 149 4050 T -n 0.2542 1.0795 38N 9W 75 26506m21s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 142
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 2345-Jun-3020:26:17 620 162 4273 T -n 0.3267 1.0797 42N 119W 71 27206m07s
42 6 2363-Jul-1203:55:03 675 176 4496 T -p 0.4012 1.0792 45N 133E 66 27905m51s
43 7 2381-Jul-2211:25:01 733 191 4719 T -p 0.4749 1.0777 47N 26E 61 28505m32s
44 8 2399-Aug-0218:55:13 793 206 4942 T -p 0.5482 1.0754 48N 81W 57 29105m14s
45 9 2417-Aug-1302:28:05 855 221 5165 T -p 0.6190 1.0723 48N 170E 52 29704m55s
46 10 2435-Aug-2410:03:11 921 237 5388 T -p 0.6876 1.0684 48N 61E 46 30404m35s
47 11 2453-Sep-0317:43:47 989 253 5611 T -p 0.7513 1.0638 48N 50W 41 31204m15s
48 12 2471-Sep-1501:29:10 1059 270 5834 T -p 0.8109 1.0585 48N 163W 36 32303m54s
49 13 2489-Sep-2509:20:21 1132 287 6057 T -p 0.8655 1.0527 49N 82E 30 34103m32s
50 14 2507-Oct-0717:18:16 1208 304 6280 T -t 0.9141 1.0464 50N 35W 24 37403m07s
51 15 2525-Oct-1801:23:53 1286 322 6503 T -t 0.9558 1.0396 53N 154W 17 45002m39s
52 16 2543-Oct-2909:36:28 1367 340 6726 Tn -t 0.9919 1.0316 59N 91E 6 - 02m02s
53 17 2561-Nov-0817:55:38 1450 358 6949 P -t 1.0222 0.9659 63N 32W 0 - -
54 18 2579-Nov-2002:21:40 1536 377 7172 P -t 1.0466 0.9181 63N 168W 0 - -
55 19 2597-Nov-3010:54:06 1624 397 7395 P -t 1.0654 0.8813 64N 55E 0 - -
56 20 2615-Dec-1219:30:52 1715 417 7618 P -t 1.0802 0.8523 65N 83W 0 - -
57 21 2633-Dec-2304:12:12 1809 437 7841 P -t 1.0910 0.8312 66N 137E 0 - -
58 22 2652-Jan-0312:55:40 1905 457 8064 P -t 1.0995 0.8143 67N 4W 0 - -
59 23 2670-Jan-1321:41:05 2004 478 8287 P -t 1.1062 0.8012 68N 146W 0 - -
60 24 2688-Jan-2506:24:15 2105 500 8510 P -t 1.1141 0.7859 69N 72E 0 - -
61 25 2706-Feb-0515:07:10 2209 521 8733 P -t 1.1219 0.7712 70N 71W 0 - -
62 26 2724-Feb-1623:45:22 2316 543 8956 P -t 1.1327 0.7510 71N 147E 0 - -
63 27 2742-Feb-2708:19:25 2425 566 9179 P -t 1.1469 0.7249 72N 5E 0 - -
64 28 2760-Mar-0916:45:52 2537 588 9402 P -t 1.1667 0.6886 72N 135W 0 - -
65 29 2778-Mar-2101:06:34 2651 612 9625 P -t 1.1908 0.6445 72N 86E 0 - -
66 30 2796-Mar-3109:18:19 2768 635 9848 P -t 1.2217 0.5882 72N 51W 0 - -
67 31 2814-Apr-1117:21:32 2887 659 10071 P -t 1.2589 0.5203 72N 175E 0 - -
68 32 2832-Apr-2201:15:27 3009 683 10294 P -t 1.3032 0.4396 71N 43E 0 - -
69 33 2850-May-0309:00:57 3133 708 10517 P -t 1.3538 0.3474 70N 85W 0 - -
70 34 2868-May-1316:37:02 3261 733 10740 P -t 1.4112 0.2429 69N 149E 0 - -
71 35 2886-May-2500:04:49 3390 759 10963 P -t 1.4743 0.1282 68N 26E 0 - -
72 36 2904-Jun-0507:24:44 3522 784 11186 Pe -t 1.5429 0.0039 67N 95W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 142

Solar eclipses of Saros 142 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1624 Apr 17. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2904 Jun 05. The total duration of Saros series 142 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 142
First Eclipse 1624 Apr 17
Last Eclipse 2904 Jun 05
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8P 1H 43T 20P

Saros 142 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 142
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 28 38.9%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 43 59.7%
HybridH 1 1.4%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 142 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 142
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 44100.0%
Central (two limits) 43 97.7%
Central (one limit) 1 2.3%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 142 occur in the following order : 8P 1H 43T 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 142 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 142
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 2291 May 2806m34s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1786 Jul 2500m59s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1768 Jul 1400m29s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1768 Jul 1400m29s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1750 Jul 03 - 0.99557
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2904 Jun 05 - 0.00393

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.