Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: northeast Australia, west North America, northwest South America
  • Total Eclipse: Atlantic, Costa Rica

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1908 Jan 03 at 21:45:21 TD (21:45:14 UT1). This is 0.6 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Sagittarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of -185.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 130 and is number 46 of 73 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The solar eclipse of 1908 Jan 03 is a relatively long total eclipse with a duration at greatest eclipse of 04m14s. It has an eclipse magnitude of 1.0437.

The total solar eclipse of 1908 Jan 03 is followed two weeks later by a penumbral lunar eclipse on 1908 Jan 18.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 7.7 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03 .


Eclipse Data: Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.04375
Eclipse Obscuration 1.08941
Gamma 0.19334
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1908 Jan 03 at 21:45:21.4 TD (21:45:13.8 UT1) 2417944.406409
Ecliptic Conjunction 1908 Jan 03 at 21:43:22.3 TD (21:43:14.7 UT1) 2417944.405031
Equatorial Conjunction 1908 Jan 03 at 21:45:11.7 TD (21:45:04.0 UT1) 2417944.406297
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1908 Jan 03 at 21:45:21.4 TD (21:45:13.8 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension18h52m47.6s18h52m48.0s
Declination-22°53'44.4"-22°41'55.4"
Semi-Diameter 16'16.0" 16'41.7"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 1°01'16.1"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -1.4°
b -0.2°
c -6.7°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 7.7 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 130 (46/73)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP119:07:37.219:07:29.607°09.1'N167°14.1'E
First Internal ContactP221:02:14.021:02:06.323°19.2'N146°02.4'E
Last Internal ContactP322:28:29.522:28:21.822°28.0'N076°04.1'W
Last External ContactP400:23:04.000:22:56.306°17.5'N097°18.9'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N120:27:02.120:26:54.542°42.8'N167°18.1'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S120:16:44.520:16:36.817°53.3'S139°05.0'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N223:03:41.023:03:33.341°54.9'N097°04.9'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S223:13:58.223:13:50.518°44.3'S069°08.6'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU120:03:19.220:03:11.510°42.2'N154°51.3'E
First Internal ContactU220:04:44.820:04:37.210°50.6'N154°33.6'E
Last Internal ContactU323:25:57.223:25:49.509°59.1'N084°38.1'W
Last External ContactU423:27:24.423:27:16.709°50.5'N084°56.2'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N120:04:03.120:03:55.411°08.0'N154°51.6'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S120:04:01.420:03:53.810°24.8'N154°33.1'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N223:26:39.723:26:32.010°16.8'N084°56.5'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S223:26:41.423:26:33.709°32.8'N084°37.7'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C120:04:02.020:03:54.410°46.4'N154°42.4'E
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C223:26:40.823:26:33.109°54.8'N084°47.1'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse21:45:21.421:45:13.811°49.4'S145°10.2'W 78.9° 180.4° 148.8 km04m13.78s
Greatest Duration21:45:57.921:45:50.311°49.6'S144°56.7'W 78.9° 182.1° 148.8 km04m13.79s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1908 Jan 03 at 22:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.14333 0.19219 -22.8952 0.53931 -0.00681 148.9213
1 0.58088 -0.00465 0.0039 -0.00004 -0.00004 14.9967
2 -0.00000 0.00016 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047550
Tan ƒ2 0.0047313

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 22.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1908 Jan 03 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 7.7 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.