Saros 130

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 130

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 130

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 130 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 130
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 1096-Aug-2018:35:31 1091 42 -11173 Pb t- -1.5110 0.0742 61S 165W 0 - -
2-34 1114-Sep-0101:57:45 1018 40 -10950 P t- -1.4528 0.1773 61S 76E 0 - -
3-33 1132-Sep-1109:29:09 949 38 -10727 P t- -1.4007 0.2694 61S 46W 0 - -
4-32 1150-Sep-2217:11:57 884 36 -10504 P t- -1.3569 0.3471 61S 171W 0 - -
5-31 1168-Oct-0301:04:21 824 34 -10281 P t- -1.3197 0.4129 61S 62E 0 - -
6-30 1186-Oct-1409:05:57 767 32 -10058 P t- -1.2892 0.4669 61S 67W 0 - -
7-29 1204-Oct-2417:16:36 714 30 -9835 P t- -1.2651 0.5096 62S 161E 0 - -
8-28 1222-Nov-0501:35:42 664 29 -9612 P t- -1.2475 0.5408 63S 27E 0 - -
9-27 1240-Nov-1510:01:01 617 27 -9389 P t- -1.2339 0.5648 63S 108W 0 - -
10-26 1258-Nov-2618:31:22 574 25 -9166 P t- -1.2240 0.5826 64S 114E 0 - -
11-25 1276-Dec-0703:05:24 533 24 -8943 P t- -1.2165 0.5960 65S 24W 0 - -
12-24 1294-Dec-1811:42:11 495 22 -8720 P t- -1.2108 0.6064 66S 164W 0 - -
13-23 1312-Dec-2820:17:54 460 21 -8497 P t- -1.2038 0.6191 67S 56E 0 - -
14-22 1331-Jan-0904:53:18 427 20 -8274 P t- -1.1962 0.6333 68S 84W 0 - -
15-21 1349-Jan-1913:24:39 395 20 -8051 P t- -1.1847 0.6546 69S 136E 0 - -
16-20 1367-Jan-3021:53:10 366 20 -7828 P t- -1.1705 0.6812 70S 3W 0 - -
17-19 1385-Feb-1006:14:24 338 20 -7605 P t- -1.1498 0.7198 71S 142W 0 - -
18-18 1403-Feb-2114:31:40 312 20 -7382 P t- -1.1253 0.7660 72S 80E 0 - -
19-17 1421-Mar-0322:40:32 288 20 -7159 P t- -1.0934 0.8264 72S 57W 0 - -
20-16 1439-Mar-1506:43:32 264 20 -6936 P t- -1.0559 0.8979 72S 168E 0 - -
21-15 1457-Mar-2514:38:14 242 20 -6713 P t- -1.0108 0.9845 72S 35E 0 - -
22-14 1475-Apr-0522:27:40 222 20 -6490 T t- -0.9607 1.0310 60S 124W 15 38602m08s
23-13 1493-Apr-1606:10:19 202 20 -6267 T t- -0.9042 1.0391 50S 107E 25 30803m00s
24-12 1511-Apr-2713:47:22 184 20 -6044 T p- -0.8425 1.0463 40S 15W 32 28603m50s
25-11 1529-May-0721:19:48 167 20 -5821 T p- -0.7760 1.0526 31S 133W 39 27604m38s
26-10 1547-May-1904:48:57 151 20 -5598 T p- -0.7060 1.0581 23S 111E 45 27005m22s
27 -9 1565-May-2912:14:58 138 20 -5375 T p- -0.6329 1.0629 17S 4W 51 26605m57s
28 -8 1583-Jun-1919:39:31 127 20 -5152 T p- -0.5581 1.0667 10S 117W 56 26206m23s
29 -7 1601-Jun-3003:03:58 117 20 -4929 T p- -0.4826 1.0697 5S 131E 61 25906m37s
30 -6 1619-Jul-1110:29:58 94 17 -4706 T p- -0.4078 1.0718 1S 19E 66 25506m41s
31 -5 1637-Jul-2117:57:08 67 14 -4483 T n- -0.3335 1.0731 2N 93W 71 25106m37s
32 -4 1655-Aug-0201:28:36 41 12 -4260 T n- -0.2625 1.0735 4N 154E 75 24706m28s
33 -3 1673-Aug-1209:04:05 19 9 -4037 T n- -0.1946 1.0731 5N 41E 79 24206m15s
34 -2 1691-Aug-2316:45:56 8 6 -3814 T n- -0.1317 1.0720 5N 74W 82 23606m01s
35 -1 1709-Sep-0400:32:26 9 5 -3591 T nn -0.0725 1.0703 4N 170E 86 22905m47s
36 0 1727-Sep-1508:27:30 10 4 -3368 T nn -0.0202 1.0681 2N 51E 89 22205m33s
37 1 1745-Sep-2516:28:55 12 3 -3145 Tm nn 0.0269 1.0655 0N 69W 88 21405m21s
38 2 1763-Oct-0700:39:04 15 2 -2922 T nn 0.0666 1.0627 2S 169E 86 20605m09s
39 3 1781-Oct-1708:55:58 17 2 -2699 T -n 0.1007 1.0596 4S 45E 84 19704m59s
40 4 1799-Oct-2817:21:46 13 1 -2476 T -n 0.1274 1.0566 7S 81W 83 18804m50s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 130
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 1817-Nov-0901:53:52 12 1 -2253 T -n 0.1487 1.0536 9S 151E 82 17904m42s
42 6 1835-Nov-2010:31:58 6 1 -2030 T -n 0.1649 1.0510 11S 22E 81 17104m35s
43 7 1853-Nov-3019:15:39 7 1 -1807 T -n 0.1763 1.0485 12S 109W 80 16404m28s
44 8 1871-Dec-1204:03:38 -1 0 -1584 T -n 0.1836 1.0465 13S 119E 80 15704m23s
45 9 1889-Dec-2212:54:14 -6 0 -1361 T -n 0.1888 1.0449 13S 13W 79 15204m18s
46 10 1908-Jan-0321:45:21 8 0 -1138 T -n 0.1933 1.0437 12S 145W 79 14904m14s
47 11 1926-Jan-1406:36:58 24 0 -915 T -n 0.1973 1.0430 10S 82E 79 14704m11s
48 12 1944-Jan-2515:26:42 26 0 -692 T -n 0.2025 1.0428 8S 50W 78 14604m09s
49 13 1962-Feb-0500:12:38 34 0 -469 T -n 0.2107 1.0430 4S 178E 78 14704m08s
50 14 1980-Feb-1608:54:01 51 0 -246 T -n 0.2224 1.0434 0S 47E 77 14904m08s
51 15 1998-Feb-2617:29:27 63 0 -23 T -n 0.2391 1.0441 5N 83W 76 15104m09s
52 16 2016-Mar-0901:58:19 68 0 200 T -n 0.2609 1.0450 10N 149E 75 15504m09s
53 17 2034-Mar-2010:18:45 76 2 423 T -n 0.2894 1.0458 16N 22E 73 15904m09s
54 18 2052-Mar-3018:31:53 87 6 646 T -n 0.3239 1.0466 22N 103W 71 16404m08s
55 19 2070-Apr-1102:36:09 100 11 869 T -n 0.3652 1.0472 29N 135E 68 16804m04s
56 20 2088-Apr-2110:31:49 115 16 1092 T -p 0.4135 1.0474 36N 15E 65 17303m58s
57 21 2106-May-0318:19:20 134 23 1315 T -p 0.4681 1.0472 43N 103W 62 17803m47s
58 22 2124-May-1401:59:10 155 30 1538 T -p 0.5286 1.0464 50N 143E 58 18203m34s
59 23 2142-May-2509:32:37 178 37 1761 T -p 0.5938 1.0449 57N 31E 53 18703m17s
60 24 2160-Jun-0416:58:36 204 46 1984 T -p 0.6645 1.0428 64N 75W 48 19202m58s
61 25 2178-Jun-1600:20:42 233 55 2207 T -p 0.7379 1.0396 71N 176W 42 19802m36s
62 26 2196-Jun-2607:37:40 264 64 2430 T -p 0.8149 1.0356 76N 96E 35 20802m12s
63 27 2214-Jul-0814:52:45 298 74 2653 T -t 0.8925 1.0303 78N 28E 26 23001m46s
64 28 2232-Jul-1822:04:56 334 85 2876 T -t 0.9717 1.0229 72N 34W 13 34801m14s
65 29 2250-Jul-3005:18:24 373 96 3099 P -t 1.0490 0.9114 63N 126W 0 - -
66 30 2268-Aug-0912:32:04 414 108 3322 P -t 1.1254 0.7683 62N 117E 0 - -
67 31 2286-Aug-2019:48:22 458 120 3545 P -t 1.1987 0.6322 62N 1W 0 - -
68 32 2304-Sep-0103:07:40 505 132 3768 P -t 1.2684 0.5038 61N 119W 0 - -
69 33 2322-Sep-1210:32:06 554 145 3991 P -t 1.3329 0.3865 61N 121E 0 - -
70 34 2340-Sep-2218:01:33 606 159 4214 P -t 1.3925 0.2793 61N 0E 0 - -
71 35 2358-Oct-0401:36:38 660 173 4437 P -t 1.4465 0.1835 61N 122W 0 - -
72 36 2376-Oct-1409:18:27 717 187 4660 P -t 1.4941 0.1003 61N 114E 0 - -
73 37 2394-Oct-2517:07:12 777 202 4883 Pe -t 1.5351 0.0298 62N 11W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 130

Solar eclipses of Saros 130 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1096 Aug 20. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2394 Oct 25. The total duration of Saros series 130 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 130
First Eclipse 1096 Aug 20
Last Eclipse 2394 Oct 25
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 21P 43T 9P

Saros 130 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 130
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 30 41.1%
AnnularA 0 0.0%
TotalT 43 58.9%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 130 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 130
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 130 occur in the following order : 21P 43T 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 130 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 130
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1619 Jul 1106m41s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 2232 Jul 1801m14s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1457 Mar 25 - 0.98449
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2394 Oct 25 - 0.02979

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.