Saros 118

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 118

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 118

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 118 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 118
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-36 1105-Mar-0216:23:06 1056 41 -11068 Nb t- 1.5584 0.0341-1.0362 56.3 - -
2-35 1123-Mar-1323:47:58 985 39 -10845 N t- 1.5142 0.1123-0.9522101.1 - -
3-34 1141-Mar-2407:06:08 918 37 -10622 N t- 1.4634 0.2024-0.8561134.2 - -
4-33 1159-Apr-0414:16:53 855 35 -10399 N t- 1.4058 0.3050-0.7476162.5 - -
5-32 1177-Apr-1421:21:06 796 33 -10176 N t- 1.3419 0.4194-0.6274187.8 - -
6-31 1195-Apr-2604:20:12 741 31 -9953 N t- 1.2726 0.5438-0.4974210.4 - -
7-30 1213-May-0611:15:10 690 29 -9730 N t- 1.1984 0.6772-0.3587230.8 - -
8-29 1231-May-1718:06:25 641 28 -9507 N t- 1.1200 0.8186-0.2124249.1 - -
9-28 1249-May-2800:56:05 596 26 -9284 N t- 1.0390 0.9649-0.0616265.2 - -
10-27 1267-Jun-0807:45:04 554 24 -9061 P t- 0.9561 1.1150 0.0926279.4 71.0 -
11-26 1285-Jun-1814:36:06 515 23 -8838 P h- 0.8736 1.2646 0.2457291.4112.8 -
12-25 1303-Jun-2921:27:59 478 21 -8615 P h- 0.7905 1.4156 0.3997301.8140.2 -
13-24 1321-Jul-1004:25:19 444 20 -8392 P h- 0.7106 1.5608 0.5474310.3159.8 -
14-23 1339-Jul-2111:26:39 412 20 -8169 P h- 0.6328 1.7027 0.6913317.2174.9 -
15-22 1357-Jul-3118:35:45 381 20 -7946 P a- 0.5604 1.8347 0.8249322.6186.1 -
16-21 1375-Aug-1201:50:37 353 20 -7723 P a- 0.4918 1.9601 0.9513326.8194.8 -
17-20 1393-Aug-2209:15:15 326 20 -7500 T a- 0.4300 2.0729 1.0650329.8201.1 39.2
18-19 1411-Sep-0216:48:07 301 20 -7277 T a- 0.3741 2.1754 1.1679332.0205.8 60.8
19-18 1429-Sep-1300:30:30 277 20 -7054 T a- 0.3251 2.2651 1.2579333.3209.1 72.8
20-17 1447-Sep-2408:22:28 254 20 -6831 T p- 0.2832 2.3420 1.3348334.1211.3 80.5
21-16 1465-Oct-0416:24:26 232 20 -6608 T+ p- 0.2490 2.4046 1.3975334.3212.7 85.4
22-15 1483-Oct-1600:35:58 212 20 -6385 T+ p- 0.2218 2.4545 1.4475334.2213.5 88.7
23-14 1501-Oct-2608:54:56 193 20 -6162 T+ p- 0.2000 2.4944 1.4878333.9213.9 90.8
24-13 1519-Nov-0617:22:25 176 20 -5939 T+ p- 0.1846 2.5223 1.5162333.3214.0 92.1
25-12 1537-Nov-1701:55:49 159 20 -5716 T+ p- 0.1739 2.5415 1.5364332.6213.8 92.9
26-11 1555-Nov-2810:34:49 145 20 -5493 T+ p- 0.1671 2.5533 1.5495331.8213.6 93.3
27-10 1573-Dec-0819:16:15 132 20 -5270 T+ p- 0.1620 2.5617 1.5597330.9213.3 93.5
28 -9 1591-Dec-3004:00:34 122 20 -5047 T+ p- 0.1588 2.5665 1.5667329.9212.9 93.7
29 -8 1610-Jan-0912:44:35 107 18 -4824 T+ p- 0.1550 2.5721 1.5751329.0212.7 93.9
30 -7 1628-Jan-2021:27:25 82 16 -4601 T+ p- 0.1499 2.5797 1.5861328.0212.5 94.2
31 -6 1646-Jan-3106:07:04 54 13 -4378 T+ p- 0.1417 2.5929 1.6030327.1212.4 94.7
32 -5 1664-Feb-1114:43:15 30 10 -4155 T+ p- 0.1304 2.6116 1.6258326.2212.4 95.4
33 -4 1682-Feb-2123:13:11 13 8 -3932 T+ p- 0.1133 2.6408 1.6594325.4212.5 96.4
34 -3 1700-Mar-0507:37:27 8 5 -3709 T+ p- 0.0909 2.6794 1.7026324.6212.7 97.5
35 -2 1718-Mar-1615:54:35 10 4 -3486 T+ p- 0.0622 2.7297 1.7576323.9212.9 98.5
36 -1 1736-Mar-2700:05:53 11 4 -3263 T+ pp 0.0283 2.7897 1.8222323.1213.0 99.2
37 0 1754-Apr-0708:08:01 13 3 -3040 T- pp -0.0140 2.8136 1.8507322.1212.9 99.4
38 1 1772-Apr-1716:04:45 16 2 -2817 T- pp -0.0611 2.7249 1.7663321.0212.3 98.6
39 2 1790-Apr-2823:53:38 16 1 -2594 T- pp -0.1156 2.6230 1.6685319.5211.1 96.6
40 3 1808-May-1007:38:16 12 1 -2371 T- -p -0.1736 2.5145 1.5637317.6209.3 92.8
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 118
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 4 1826-May-2115:15:25 9 1 -2148 T- -p -0.2384 2.3941 1.4465315.1206.4 86.5
42 5 1844-May-3122:50:43 6 1 -1925 T -p -0.3050 2.2706 1.3255312.1202.5 77.1
43 6 1862-Jun-1206:21:03 8 0 -1702 T -p -0.3763 2.1387 1.1957308.3197.2 62.4
44 7 1880-Jun-2213:50:27 -5 0 -1479 T -a -0.4484 2.0057 1.0641303.8190.6 37.2
45 8 1898-Jul-0321:17:19 -5 0 -1256 P -a -0.5228 1.8689 0.9280298.5182.3 -
46 9 1916-Jul-1504:46:08 19 0 -1033 P -a -0.5957 1.7351 0.7944292.5172.5 -
47 10 1934-Jul-2612:15:38 24 0 -810 P -a -0.6681 1.6025 0.6612285.8160.8 -
48 11 1952-Aug-0519:47:55 30 0 -587 P -a -0.7383 1.4742 0.5318278.5147.2 -
49 12 1970-Aug-1703:24:06 41 0 -364 P -a -0.8053 1.3521 0.4080270.7131.4 -
50 13 1988-Aug-2711:05:29 56 0 -141 P -a -0.8682 1.2380 0.2916262.6113.0 -
51 14 2006-Sep-0718:52:25 65 0 82 P -a -0.9262 1.1330 0.1838254.5 91.1 -
52 15 2024-Sep-1802:45:26 71 1 305 P -a -0.9792 1.0373 0.0849246.4 62.8 -
53 16 2042-Sep-2910:45:47 81 4 528 N -a -1.0262 0.9529-0.0030238.6 - -
54 17 2060-Oct-0918:53:33 92 8 751 N -a -1.0671 0.8797-0.0799231.4 - -
55 18 2078-Oct-2103:08:04 107 13 974 N -a -1.1022 0.8172-0.1461224.9 - -
56 19 2096-Oct-3111:30:24 124 19 1197 N -a -1.1308 0.7666-0.2005219.4 - -
57 20 2114-Nov-1219:59:34 143 26 1420 N -a -1.1534 0.7271-0.2439214.9 - -
58 21 2132-Nov-2304:35:11 165 33 1643 N -a -1.1708 0.6969-0.2776211.5 - -
59 22 2150-Dec-0413:14:46 190 41 1866 N -a -1.1849 0.6727-0.3050208.8 - -
60 23 2168-Dec-1421:59:25 217 50 2089 N -a -1.1945 0.6565-0.3242207.0 - -
61 24 2186-Dec-2606:46:26 247 59 2312 N -a -1.2018 0.6443-0.3389205.8 - -
62 25 2205-Jan-0615:34:56 279 69 2535 N -a -1.2080 0.6341-0.3511204.8 - -
63 26 2223-Jan-1800:22:31 314 79 2758 N -a -1.2145 0.6229-0.3639203.7 - -
64 27 2241-Jan-2809:08:45 352 90 2981 N -a -1.2221 0.6096-0.3784202.2 - -
65 28 2259-Feb-0817:51:41 392 101 3204 N -a -1.2321 0.5917-0.3971200.0 - -
66 29 2277-Feb-1902:29:14 435 113 3427 N -a -1.2460 0.5662-0.4229196.6 - -
67 30 2295-Mar-0211:01:07 480 126 3650 N -a -1.2643 0.5329-0.4564191.7 - -
68 31 2313-Mar-1319:25:44 528 138 3873 N -a -1.2881 0.4891-0.5001184.9 - -
69 32 2331-Mar-2503:42:17 578 152 4096 N -a -1.3180 0.4341-0.5548175.6 - -
70 33 2349-Apr-0411:49:53 631 165 4319 N -a -1.3548 0.3665-0.6222162.8 - -
71 34 2367-Apr-1519:48:53 687 179 4542 N -a -1.3977 0.2876-0.7010145.7 - -
72 35 2385-Apr-2603:39:09 745 194 4765 N -a -1.4472 0.1969-0.7917121.9 - -
73 36 2403-May-0711:19:37 806 209 4988 N -a -1.5037 0.0933-0.8955 85.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 118

Lunar eclipses of Saros 118 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1105 Mar 02. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 2403 May 07. The total duration of Saros series 118 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 118
First Eclipse 1105 Mar 02
Last Eclipse 2403 May 07
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 9N 7P 28T 8P 21N

Saros 118 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 118
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 30 41.1%
PartialP 15 20.5%
TotalT 28 38.4%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 118 occur in the order of 9N 7P 28T 8P 21N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 118
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 9
Partial P 7
Total T 28
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 21

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 118 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 118
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1754 Apr 0701h39m23s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1880 Jun 2200h37m09s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1375 Aug 1203h14m48s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2024 Sep 1801h02m49s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1249 May 2804h25m12s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1105 Mar 0200h56m18s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1375 Aug 12 - 0.95134
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2024 Sep 18 - 0.08491

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.