Saros 148

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 148

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 148

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 148 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 148
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 1653-Sep-2115:55:43 43 12 -4283 Pb t- -1.5450 0.0324 61S 150W 0 - -
2-34 1671-Oct-0223:13:21 21 9 -4060 P t- -1.4952 0.1177 61S 92E 0 - -
3-33 1689-Oct-1306:40:02 9 7 -3837 P t- -1.4517 0.1920 61S 28W 0 - -
4-32 1707-Oct-2514:17:22 9 5 -3614 P t- -1.4161 0.2528 62S 151W 0 - -
5-31 1725-Nov-0422:02:51 10 4 -3391 P t- -1.3861 0.3038 62S 83E 0 - -
6-30 1743-Nov-1605:58:24 12 3 -3168 P t- -1.3634 0.3424 63S 44W 0 - -
7-29 1761-Nov-2614:00:27 15 3 -2945 P t- -1.3451 0.3732 64S 174W 0 - -
8-28 1779-Dec-0722:08:56 17 2 -2722 P t- -1.3315 0.3962 65S 54E 0 - -
9-27 1797-Dec-1806:21:51 14 1 -2499 P t- -1.3208 0.4142 66S 79W 0 - -
10-26 1815-Dec-3014:38:39 12 1 -2276 P t- -1.3129 0.4273 67S 146E 0 - -
11-25 1834-Jan-0922:55:30 6 1 -2053 P t- -1.3043 0.4418 68S 11E 0 - -
12-24 1852-Jan-2107:12:16 7 1 -1830 P t- -1.2948 0.4577 69S 124W 0 - -
13-23 1870-Jan-3115:26:25 1 0 -1607 P t- -1.2829 0.4781 70S 100E 0 - -
14-22 1888-Feb-1123:38:15 -6 0 -1384 P t- -1.2684 0.5029 71S 36W 0 - -
15-21 1906-Feb-2307:43:20 5 0 -1161 P t- -1.2479 0.5386 71S 170W 0 - -
16-20 1924-Mar-0515:44:20 24 0 -938 P t- -1.2232 0.5820 72S 56E 0 - -
17-19 1942-Mar-1623:37:07 25 0 -715 P t- -1.1908 0.6394 72S 77W 0 - -
18-18 1960-Mar-2707:25:07 33 0 -492 P t- -1.1537 0.7058 72S 152E 0 - -
19-17 1978-Apr-0715:03:47 49 0 -269 P t- -1.1081 0.7883 72S 23E 0 - -
20-16 1996-Apr-1722:38:12 62 0 -46 P t- -1.0580 0.8799 71S 104W 0 - -
21-15 2014-Apr-2906:04:33 67 0 177 A- t- -1.0000 0.9868 71S 131E 0 - -
22-14 2032-May-0913:26:42 75 2 400 A t- -0.9375 0.9957 51S 7W 20 4400m22s
23-13 2050-May-2020:42:50 85 5 623 H t- -0.8688 1.0038 40S 124W 29 2700m21s
24-12 2068-May-3103:56:39 98 10 846 T p- -0.7970 1.0110 31S 123E 37 6301m06s
25-11 2086-Jun-1111:07:14 114 16 1069 T p- -0.7215 1.0174 23S 12E 44 8601m48s
26-10 2104-Jun-2218:16:21 132 22 1292 T p- -0.6437 1.0231 17S 97W 50 10302m26s
27 -9 2122-Jul-0401:25:31 152 29 1515 T p- -0.5649 1.0280 11S 154E 56 11402m56s
28 -8 2140-Jul-1408:36:11 175 37 1738 T p- -0.4861 1.0322 7S 46E 61 12403m18s
29 -7 2158-Jul-2515:49:17 201 45 1961 T p- -0.4086 1.0356 3S 62W 66 13103m32s
30 -6 2176-Aug-0423:05:55 230 54 2184 T p- -0.3332 1.0383 1S 171W 71 13603m40s
31 -5 2194-Aug-1606:28:08 260 63 2407 T n- -0.2616 1.0403 0S 79E 75 13903m44s
32 -4 2212-Aug-2713:56:17 294 73 2630 T n- -0.1940 1.0416 0S 32W 79 14203m45s
33 -3 2230-Sep-0721:30:39 330 84 2853 T n- -0.1308 1.0424 1S 145W 82 14303m44s
34 -2 2248-Sep-1805:13:07 369 95 3076 T nn -0.0738 1.0426 2S 100E 86 14303m42s
35 -1 2266-Sep-2913:03:56 410 106 3299 T nn -0.0233 1.0425 4S 17W 89 14203m40s
36 0 2284-Oct-0921:03:48 454 118 3522 T nn 0.0205 1.0420 6S 137W 89 14003m39s
37 1 2302-Oct-2205:11:15 500 131 3745 T nn 0.0584 1.0413 8S 102E 87 13903m38s
38 2 2320-Nov-0113:28:18 549 144 3968 Tm nn 0.0888 1.0406 10S 22W 85 13703m38s
39 3 2338-Nov-1221:52:53 600 157 4191 T nn 0.1132 1.0399 12S 147W 84 13403m38s
40 4 2356-Nov-2306:24:55 654 171 4414 T -n 0.1317 1.0394 13S 85E 83 13303m40s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 148
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 2374-Dec-0415:02:55 711 185 4637 T -n 0.1455 1.0390 14S 43W 82 13203m42s
42 6 2392-Dec-1423:46:26 770 200 4860 T -n 0.1550 1.0391 14S 173W 81 13303m46s
43 7 2410-Dec-2608:33:57 832 215 5083 T -n 0.1614 1.0395 14S 56E 81 13403m50s
44 8 2429-Jan-0517:22:55 896 231 5306 T -n 0.1666 1.0404 13S 76W 80 13703m56s
45 9 2447-Jan-1702:14:02 963 247 5529 T -n 0.1703 1.0417 11S 152E 80 14104m03s
46 10 2465-Jan-2711:03:48 1033 263 5752 T -n 0.1752 1.0435 8S 20E 80 14704m11s
47 11 2483-Feb-0719:51:55 1105 280 5975 T -n 0.1818 1.0457 5S 112W 80 15504m20s
48 12 2501-Feb-1904:35:20 1180 297 6198 T -n 0.1925 1.0483 1S 116E 79 16304m31s
49 13 2519-Mar-0213:15:23 1257 315 6421 T -n 0.2062 1.0511 4N 14W 78 17304m42s
50 14 2537-Mar-1221:49:06 1337 333 6644 T -n 0.2254 1.0542 9N 143W 77 18404m53s
51 15 2555-Mar-2406:16:22 1419 352 6867 T -n 0.2502 1.0574 15N 89E 75 19505m04s
52 16 2573-Apr-0314:36:14 1504 370 7090 T -n 0.2815 1.0606 21N 37W 74 20705m13s
53 17 2591-Apr-1422:49:04 1592 390 7313 T -n 0.3190 1.0637 28N 161W 71 22005m19s
54 18 2609-Apr-2606:54:24 1682 409 7536 T -n 0.3628 1.0665 34N 77E 69 23305m23s
55 19 2627-May-0714:52:02 1774 429 7759 T -p 0.4129 1.0688 41N 42W 65 24605m22s
56 20 2645-May-1722:43:15 1870 450 7982 T -p 0.4686 1.0707 47N 159W 62 26105m17s
57 21 2663-May-2906:28:18 1967 470 8205 T -p 0.5296 1.0719 54N 88E 58 27605m07s
58 22 2681-Jun-0814:07:29 2068 492 8428 T -p 0.5954 1.0724 60N 22W 53 29404m54s
59 23 2699-Jun-1921:42:29 2171 513 8651 T -p 0.6645 1.0720 65N 128W 48 31404m38s
60 24 2717-Jul-0105:13:28 2276 535 8874 T -p 0.7369 1.0707 69N 133E 42 34204m20s
61 25 2735-Jul-1212:43:08 2385 557 9097 T -p 0.8101 1.0682 72N 39E 36 38103m59s
62 26 2753-Jul-2220:10:00 2495 580 9320 T -t 0.8854 1.0646 72N 48W 27 45803m35s
63 27 2771-Aug-0303:38:31 2609 603 9543 T -t 0.9591 1.0590 70N 131W 16 70403m05s
64 28 2789-Aug-1311:07:01 2724 627 9766 P -t 1.0326 0.9579 62N 145E 0 - -
65 29 2807-Aug-2418:39:24 2843 650 9989 P -t 1.1023 0.8226 62N 24E 0 - -
66 30 2825-Sep-0402:13:38 2964 674 10212 P -t 1.1701 0.6919 61N 98W 0 - -
67 31 2843-Sep-1509:53:56 3087 699 10435 P -t 1.2325 0.5723 61N 138E 0 - -
68 32 2861-Sep-2517:38:10 3213 724 10658 P -t 1.2913 0.4606 61N 14E 0 - -
69 33 2879-Oct-0701:29:00 3342 749 10881 P -t 1.3441 0.3611 61N 112W 0 - -
70 34 2897-Oct-1709:25:26 3474 775 11104 P -t 1.3919 0.2722 62N 121E 0 - -
71 35 2915-Oct-2917:29:48 3607 801 11327 P -t 1.4324 0.1977 62N 8W 0 - -
72 36 2933-Nov-0901:40:26 3744 827 11550 P -t 1.4677 0.1338 63N 139W 0 - -
73 37 2951-Nov-2009:57:36 3883 854 11773 P -t 1.4971 0.0813 63N 88E 0 - -
74 38 2969-Nov-3018:20:50 4024 881 11996 P -t 1.5211 0.0392 64N 47W 0 - -
75 39 2987-Dec-1202:50:00 4169 908 12219 Pe -t 1.5396 0.0073 65N 177E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 148

Solar eclipses of Saros 148 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1653 Sep 21. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2987 Dec 12. The total duration of Saros series 148 is 1334.23 years.

Summary of Saros 148
First Eclipse 1653 Sep 21
Last Eclipse 2987 Dec 12
Series Duration 1334.23 Years
No. of Eclipses 75
Sequence 20P 2A 1H 40T 12P

Saros 148 is composed of 75 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 148
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 75100.0%
PartialP 32 42.7%
AnnularA 2 2.7%
TotalT 40 53.3%
HybridH 1 1.3%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 148 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 148
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 97.7%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 75 eclipses in Saros 148 occur in the following order : 20P 2A 1H 40T 12P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 148 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 148
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2032 May 0900m22s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 2032 May 0900m22s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 2609 Apr 2605m23s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 2068 May 3101m06s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2050 May 2000m21s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2050 May 2000m21s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 2789 Aug 13 - 0.95788
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2987 Dec 12 - 0.00728

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.