Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: Antarctica, South America
  • Annular Eclipse: south Atlantic

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2044 Feb 28 at 20:24:40 TD (20:23:18 UT1). This is 6.6 days after the Moon reaches apogee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Aquarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 1499.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 121 and is number 62 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

This annular eclipse is unsual in that it does NOT have a southern path limit. Instead, one edge of the antumbral shadow falls off into space throughout the eclipse. Gamma has a value of -0.9954.

The annular solar eclipse of 2044 Feb 28 is followed two weeks later by a total lunar eclipse on 2044 Mar 13.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 81.5 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28 .


Eclipse Data: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 0.96001
Eclipse Obscuration 0.92161
Gamma-0.99537
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2044 Feb 28 at 20:24:39.5 TD (20:23:18.0 UT1) 2467674.349514
Ecliptic Conjunction 2044 Feb 28 at 20:13:36.1 TD (20:12:14.6 UT1) 2467674.341835
Equatorial Conjunction 2044 Feb 28 at 19:25:50.0 TD (19:24:28.5 UT1) 2467674.308663
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2044 Feb 28 at 20:24:39.5 TD (20:23:18.0 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension22h45m44.1s22h47m30.6s
Declination-07°51'30.6"-08°41'25.7"
Semi-Diameter 16'08.8" 15'29.6"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 0°56'51.8"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -5.0°
b 1.3°
c -20.7°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 81.5 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 121 (62/71)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP118:10:40.718:09:19.266°25.3'S162°17.0'E
Last External ContactP422:38:55.622:37:34.111°51.5'S064°37.6'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N118:40:24.318:39:02.853°17.2'S162°39.8'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S122:09:09.222:07:47.701°47.8'N059°04.8'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU120:06:18.020:04:56.570°05.5'S005°42.2'W
Last External ContactU420:43:34.020:42:12.552°03.1'S027°14.8'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N120:06:23.820:05:02.370°08.5'S005°39.9'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S120:43:28.420:42:06.951°59.8'S027°14.7'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C120:17:45.920:16:24.464°41.7'S014°00.5'W
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C220:32:09.620:30:48.157°38.8'S022°00.2'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse20:24:39.520:23:18.062°10.9'S025°58.8'W 3.7° 260.1° 2237.9 km02m27.18s
Greatest Duration20:17:45.920:16:24.464°41.7'S014°00.5'W 0.0° 251.4° 2581.0 km02m27.37s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2044 Feb 28 at 20:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.26971 -0.98306 -7.8626 0.55794 0.01172 116.8797
1 0.47362 0.24971 0.0152 -0.00011 -0.00011 15.0031
2 -0.00002 0.00009 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047209
Tan ƒ2 0.0046974

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 20.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2044 Feb 28 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 81.5 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.