Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: North America, north South America, northwest Africa
  • Total Eclipse: Colombia, Venezuela, central Atlantic

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1916 Feb 03 at 16:00:21 TD (16:00:03 UT1). This is 1.7 days after the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Capricornus. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of -85.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 139 and is number 24 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

The total solar eclipse of 1916 Feb 03 is preceded two weeks earlier by a partial lunar eclipse on 1916 Jan 20.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 18.3 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03 .


Eclipse Data: Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.02800
Eclipse Obscuration 1.05678
Gamma 0.49875
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1916 Feb 03 at 16:00:21.4 TD (16:00:03.1 UT1) 2420897.166702
Ecliptic Conjunction 1916 Feb 03 at 16:05:33.2 TD (16:05:14.9 UT1) 2420897.170311
Equatorial Conjunction 1916 Feb 03 at 16:21:50.2 TD (16:21:31.9 UT1) 2420897.181619
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1916 Feb 03 at 16:00:21.4 TD (16:00:03.1 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension21h03m55.2s21h03m07.7s
Declination-16°46'33.6"-16°18'47.0"
Semi-Diameter 16'13.5" 16'26.3"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 1°00'19.8"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 3.1°
b -0.6°
c -15.1°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 18.3 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 139 (24/71)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP113:27:05.913:26:47.603°17.2'S109°13.2'W
Last External ContactP418:33:31.918:33:13.639°16.1'N019°04.6'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N114:22:51.114:22:32.823°33.4'S129°43.6'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S117:37:54.917:37:36.619°15.9'N003°01.7'E

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU114:28:56.214:28:37.907°14.3'N121°29.3'W
First Internal ContactU214:29:47.114:29:28.807°27.7'N121°38.0'W
Last Internal ContactU317:30:44.217:30:25.949°30.0'N009°47.0'W
Last External ContactU417:31:31.617:31:13.249°18.4'N009°50.0'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N114:29:31.714:29:13.307°34.3'N121°32.1'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S114:29:11.814:28:53.507°07.7'N121°35.3'W
North Extreme Path Limit 2N217:30:58.517:30:40.149°35.7'N009°54.9'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S217:31:17.117:30:58.849°12.7'N009°42.1'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C114:29:21.614:29:03.307°21.0'N121°33.6'W
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C217:31:07.917:30:49.649°24.2'N009°48.5'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse16:00:21.416:00:03.111°07.4'N067°44.2'W 60.0° 158.3° 108.4 km02m36.22s
Greatest Duration15:55:04.915:54:46.610°04.6'N069°04.4'W 59.9° 152.8° 109.4 km02m36.51s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1916 Feb 03 at 16:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 -0.19240 0.46016 -16.7772 0.54279 -0.00335 56.5284
1 0.52865 0.21682 0.0116 0.00008 0.00008 15.0001
2 -0.00005 0.00008 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047432
Tan ƒ2 0.0047196

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 16.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1916 Feb 03 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 18.3 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.