Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: Antarctica, New Zealand
  • Annular Eclipse: Antarctica

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1914 Feb 25 at 00:13:01 TD (00:12:45 UT1). This is 3.4 days before the Moon reaches apogee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Aquarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of -109.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 119 and is number 60 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

The annular solar eclipse of 1914 Feb 25 is followed two weeks later by a partial lunar eclipse on 1914 Mar 12.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 16.0 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25 .


Eclipse Data: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 0.92478
Eclipse Obscuration 0.85522
Gamma-0.94158
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1914 Feb 25 at 00:13:01.0 TD (00:12:45.0 UT1) 2420188.508855
Ecliptic Conjunction 1914 Feb 25 at 00:02:02.3 TD (00:01:46.3 UT1) 2420188.501230
Equatorial Conjunction 1914 Feb 24 at 23:16:07.3 TD (23:15:51.3 UT1) 2420188.469344
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1914 Feb 25 at 00:13:01.0 TD (00:12:45.0 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension22h29m29.1s22h31m04.3s
Declination-09°28'36.0"-10°14'09.7"
Semi-Diameter 16'09.3" 14'52.3"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 0°54'34.6"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 2.9°
b 1.1°
c -20.1°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 16.0 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 119 (60/71)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP121:45:44.821:45:28.862°40.5'S108°04.0'E
Last External ContactP402:40:43.402:40:27.409°32.3'S125°10.2'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N122:19:01.222:18:45.248°26.5'S107°47.0'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S102:07:19.302:07:03.305°17.0'N119°18.0'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU123:26:46.223:26:30.379°30.6'S013°48.2'W
First Internal ContactU223:44:06.523:43:50.574°21.7'S045°58.7'W
Last Internal ContactU300:42:30.000:42:14.047°11.4'S086°50.3'W
Last External ContactU400:59:52.300:59:36.339°22.0'S093°41.6'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N123:27:15.123:26:59.179°37.2'S012°34.7'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S123:43:48.323:43:32.374°13.5'S046°17.4'W
North Extreme Path Limit 2N200:59:23.500:59:07.639°05.8'S093°38.9'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S200:42:48.600:42:32.647°21.9'S086°51.1'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C123:34:33.523:34:17.577°37.1'S030°40.0'W
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C200:52:04.000:51:48.042°47.7'S090°43.3'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse00:13:01.000:12:45.062°05.4'S113°20.1'W 19.2° 286.6° 839.0 km05m35.17s
Greatest Duration00:13:07.700:12:51.762°02.3'S113°15.9'W 19.2° 286.5° 839.5 km05m35.17s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1914 Feb 25 at 00:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.33210 -0.88800 -9.4778 0.57002 0.02375 176.6490
1 0.45409 0.23347 0.0148 0.00007 0.00007 15.0027
2 -0.00005 0.00008 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047238
Tan ƒ2 0.0047003

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 0.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1914 Feb 25 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 16.0 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.