Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: south Asia, Australia, east Africa
  • Total Eclipse: Indonesia, New Guinea, Madagascar

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1901 May 18 at 05:33:48 TD (05:33:49 UT1). This is 0.9 days after the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Taurus. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of -267.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 136 and is number 31 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The solar eclipse of 1901 May 18 is an exceptionally long total eclipse with a duration at greatest eclipse of 06m29s. It has an eclipse magnitude of 1.0680.

The total solar eclipse of 1901 May 18 is preceded two weeks earlier by a penumbral lunar eclipse on 1901 May 03.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of -0.9 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18 .


Eclipse Data: Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.06800
Eclipse Obscuration 1.14063
Gamma-0.36258
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1901 May 18 at 05:33:48.0 TD (05:33:48.9 UT1) 2415522.731816
Ecliptic Conjunction 1901 May 18 at 05:37:30.7 TD (05:37:31.6 UT1) 2415522.734393
Equatorial Conjunction 1901 May 18 at 05:28:40.2 TD (05:28:41.0 UT1) 2415522.728253
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1901 May 18 at 05:33:48.0 TD (05:33:48.9 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension03h37m03.3s03h37m15.9s
Declination+19°23'51.8"+19°02'00.5"
Semi-Diameter 15'48.4" 16'37.0"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.7" 1°00'58.9"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 1.9°
b 0.5°
c -14.9°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT -0.9 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 136 (31/71)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP102:59:47.902:59:48.820°20.6'S051°35.7'E
First Internal ContactP205:03:42.905:03:43.854°07.5'S042°14.9'E
Last Internal ContactP306:04:00.506:04:01.340°31.0'S160°31.7'E
Last External ContactP408:07:52.808:07:53.705°36.9'S145°05.4'E
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N103:59:34.503:59:35.401°36.0'N028°35.6'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S104:43:49.204:43:50.163°30.3'S063°00.8'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N207:07:59.607:08:00.516°21.6'N167°59.2'E
South Extreme Path Limit 2S206:23:58.906:23:59.751°25.8'S146°50.2'E

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU103:56:01.203:56:02.127°09.4'S040°26.6'E
First Internal ContactU203:58:57.403:58:58.327°42.3'S039°57.6'E
Last Internal ContactU307:08:43.707:08:44.513°03.7'S157°10.5'E
Last External ContactU407:11:37.607:11:38.512°30.7'S156°39.3'E
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N103:57:10.203:57:11.126°40.8'S039°56.5'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S103:57:49.903:57:50.828°10.7'S040°27.5'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N207:10:29.307:10:30.212°02.1'S157°07.0'E
South Extreme Path Limit 2S207:09:50.407:09:51.313°32.2'S156°43.2'E

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C103:57:29.203:57:30.127°25.6'S040°12.0'E
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C207:10:10.707:10:11.612°47.0'S156°55.0'E

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse05:33:48.005:33:48.901°41.4'S098°25.3'E 68.7° 352.7° 237.8 km06m28.74s
Greatest Duration05:35:43.205:35:44.101°33.4'S098°59.6'E 68.7° 349.9° 237.9 km06m28.82s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1901 May 18 at 06:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.30009 -0.32493 19.4026 0.53301 -0.01308 270.9474
1 0.57469 0.07852 0.0091 0.00004 0.00004 15.0012
2 -0.00000 -0.00012 -0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 -0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0046205
Tan ƒ2 0.0045975

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 6.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1901 May 18 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of -0.9 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.