Saros 124

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 124

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 124

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 124 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 124
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 1152-Aug-1700:06:20 878 36 -10481 Nb t- 1.5434 0.0651-1.0122 79.1 - -
2-33 1170-Aug-2807:00:25 818 34 -10258 N t- 1.4807 0.1811-0.8983130.6 - -
3-32 1188-Sep-0714:02:17 761 32 -10035 N t- 1.4234 0.2874-0.7942162.9 - -
4-31 1206-Sep-1821:15:33 708 30 -9812 N t- 1.3744 0.3784-0.7054185.2 - -
5-30 1224-Sep-2904:37:50 659 28 -9589 N t- 1.3317 0.4577-0.6280202.0 - -
6-29 1242-Oct-1012:09:43 612 27 -9366 N t- 1.2960 0.5241-0.5633214.6 - -
7-28 1260-Oct-2019:50:49 569 25 -9143 N t- 1.2671 0.5778-0.5110223.9 - -
8-27 1278-Nov-0103:41:05 529 23 -8920 N t- 1.2454 0.6181-0.4715230.4 - -
9-26 1296-Nov-1111:38:15 491 22 -8697 N t- 1.2283 0.6497-0.4402235.1 - -
10-25 1314-Nov-2219:41:02 456 20 -8474 N t- 1.2153 0.6733-0.4163238.3 - -
11-24 1332-Dec-0303:48:25 423 20 -8251 N t- 1.2054 0.6910-0.3976240.5 - -
12-23 1350-Dec-1411:59:00 392 20 -8028 N h- 1.1976 0.7043-0.3825241.9 - -
13-22 1368-Dec-2420:09:40 363 20 -7805 N h- 1.1895 0.7180-0.3663243.2 - -
14-21 1387-Jan-0504:20:22 336 20 -7582 N h- 1.1809 0.7322-0.3489244.5 - -
15-20 1405-Jan-1512:28:22 310 20 -7359 N h- 1.1693 0.7513-0.3258246.4 - -
16-19 1423-Jan-2620:33:03 285 20 -7136 N h- 1.1545 0.7763-0.2962249.0 - -
17-18 1441-Feb-0604:31:32 262 20 -6913 N h- 1.1338 0.8116-0.2557252.7 - -
18-17 1459-Feb-1712:25:18 240 20 -6690 N h- 1.1085 0.8551-0.2066257.2 - -
19-16 1477-Feb-2720:11:48 219 20 -6467 N h- 1.0768 0.9104-0.1454262.8 - -
20-15 1495-Mar-1103:50:57 200 20 -6244 N h- 1.0380 0.9784-0.0711269.4 - -
21-14 1513-Mar-2111:22:50 182 20 -6021 P h- 0.9923 1.0591 0.0158276.6 29.8 -
22-13 1531-Apr-0118:47:56 165 20 -5798 P h- 0.9400 1.1518 0.1148284.3 79.0 -
23-12 1549-Apr-1202:06:53 150 20 -5575 P h- 0.8818 1.2555 0.2247292.1108.5 -
24-11 1567-Apr-2309:18:47 137 20 -5352 P h- 0.8169 1.3716 0.3469299.9131.9 -
25-10 1585-May-1316:27:06 125 20 -5129 P h- 0.7478 1.4955 0.4764307.2151.1 -
26 -9 1603-May-2423:30:54 115 19 -4906 P a- 0.6737 1.6287 0.6150314.0167.4 -
27 -8 1621-Jun-0406:32:44 92 17 -4683 P a- 0.5970 1.7669 0.7582320.0180.9 -
28 -7 1639-Jun-1513:32:41 64 14 -4460 P a- 0.5177 1.9102 0.9059325.1192.1 -
29 -6 1657-Jun-2520:33:50 38 11 -4237 T a- 0.4381 2.0544 1.0539329.2201.0 35.9
30 -5 1675-Jul-0703:36:10 18 9 -4014 T a- 0.3583 2.1991 1.2020332.4207.9 66.2
31 -4 1693-Jul-1710:41:01 8 6 -3791 T p- 0.2794 2.3425 1.3482334.6213.0 82.4
32 -3 1711-Jul-2917:50:24 9 5 -3568 T+ p- 0.2033 2.4810 1.4889335.8216.5 92.2
33 -2 1729-Aug-0901:05:16 10 4 -3345 T+ pp 0.1306 2.6136 1.6232336.2218.4 98.0
34 -1 1747-Aug-2008:26:59 12 3 -3122 T+ pp 0.0627 2.7375 1.7483335.9219.2100.8
35 0 1765-Aug-3015:55:31 15 2 -2899 T- pp -0.0004 2.8513 1.8629335.0218.9101.4
36 1 1783-Sep-1023:33:06 17 2 -2676 T- pp -0.0569 2.7474 1.7595333.7217.9100.4
37 2 1801-Sep-2207:18:55 13 1 -2453 T- pp -0.1074 2.6548 1.6670332.2216.4 98.2
38 3 1819-Oct-0315:13:28 12 1 -2230 T- pp -0.1510 2.5747 1.5868330.4214.6 95.3
39 4 1837-Oct-1323:17:06 5 1 -2007 T- -p -0.1878 2.5074 1.5192328.7212.7 92.0
40 5 1855-Oct-2507:29:40 7 0 -1784 T- -p -0.2177 2.4528 1.4643327.0210.8 88.7
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 124
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 1873-Nov-0415:51:03 -2 0 -1561 T- -p -0.2408 2.4104 1.4217325.5209.1 85.7
42 7 1891-Nov-1600:18:46 -6 0 -1338 T- -p -0.2592 2.3766 1.3880324.1207.7 83.1
43 8 1909-Nov-2708:54:41 10 0 -1115 T- -p -0.2713 2.3544 1.3660323.0206.5 81.2
44 9 1927-Dec-0817:35:10 24 0 -892 T -p -0.2796 2.3389 1.3510321.9205.6 79.8
45 10 1945-Dec-1902:20:47 27 0 -669 T -p -0.2845 2.3293 1.3424321.0204.9 78.9
46 11 1963-Dec-3011:07:25 35 0 -446 T -p -0.2889 2.3206 1.3350320.1204.3 78.1
47 12 1982-Jan-0919:56:43 52 0 -223 T -p -0.2916 2.3147 1.3310319.2203.9 77.7
48 13 2000-Jan-2104:44:35 64 0 0 T -p -0.2957 2.3060 1.3246318.3203.3 77.0
49 14 2018-Jan-3113:31:00 69 0 223 T -p -0.3014 2.2941 1.3155317.3202.8 76.1
50 15 2036-Feb-1122:13:06 77 2 446 T -p -0.3110 2.2751 1.2995316.2202.0 74.5
51 16 2054-Feb-2206:51:27 88 6 669 T -p -0.3242 2.2491 1.2769314.9200.9 72.1
52 17 2072-Mar-0415:23:07 101 11 892 T -p -0.3431 2.2126 1.2441313.3199.4 68.5
53 18 2090-Mar-1523:48:31 117 17 1115 T -p -0.3675 2.1659 1.2012311.4197.5 63.0
54 19 2108-Mar-2708:06:28 136 23 1338 T -p -0.3982 2.1076 1.1466309.1194.9 54.7
55 20 2126-Apr-0716:17:55 157 30 1561 T -a -0.4346 2.0389 1.0817306.4191.5 41.6
56 21 2144-Apr-1800:20:29 181 38 1784 T -a -0.4787 1.9563 1.0026303.0187.0 7.6
57 22 2162-Apr-2908:17:08 207 47 2007 P -a -0.5280 1.8642 0.9137299.0181.3 -
58 23 2180-May-0916:05:58 236 56 2230 P -a -0.5840 1.7599 0.8123294.2173.9 -
59 24 2198-May-2023:50:32 267 65 2453 P -a -0.6437 1.6492 0.7041288.5164.8 -
60 25 2216-Jun-0107:27:36 301 75 2676 P -a -0.7097 1.5271 0.5839281.7153.0 -
61 26 2234-Jun-1215:02:55 338 86 2899 P -a -0.7774 1.4022 0.4603273.9138.5 -
62 27 2252-Jun-2222:33:27 377 97 3122 P -a -0.8494 1.2697 0.3286264.7119.3 -
63 28 2270-Jul-0406:03:42 419 109 3345 P -a -0.9215 1.1374 0.1965254.3 94.1 -
64 29 2288-Jul-1413:31:30 463 121 3568 P -a -0.9955 1.0018 0.0604242.4 53.1 -
65 30 2306-Jul-2621:01:27 510 134 3791 N -a -1.0676 0.8701-0.0725229.3 - -
66 31 2324-Aug-0604:31:50 559 147 4014 N -a -1.1393 0.7395-0.2049214.5 - -
67 32 2342-Aug-1712:05:11 611 160 4237 N -a -1.2083 0.6140-0.3327198.3 - -
68 33 2360-Aug-2719:41:57 666 174 4460 N -a -1.2742 0.4948-0.4550180.4 - -
69 34 2378-Sep-0803:23:54 723 188 4683 N -a -1.3354 0.3841-0.5690161.0 - -
70 35 2396-Sep-1811:11:25 783 203 4906 N -a -1.3918 0.2826-0.6744139.7 - -
71 36 2414-Sep-2919:04:39 845 219 5129 N -a -1.4432 0.1904-0.7708115.9 - -
72 37 2432-Oct-1003:05:16 910 234 5352 N -a -1.4883 0.1098-0.8559 88.9 - -
73 38 2450-Oct-2111:12:20 978 250 5575 N -a -1.5281 0.0393-0.9310 53.6 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 124

Lunar eclipses of Saros 124 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1152 Aug 17. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 2450 Oct 21. The total duration of Saros series 124 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 124
First Eclipse 1152 Aug 17
Last Eclipse 2450 Oct 21
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 20N 8P 28T 8P 9N

Saros 124 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 124
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 29 39.7%
PartialP 16 21.9%
TotalT 28 38.4%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 124 occur in the order of 20N 8P 28T 8P 9N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 124
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 20
Partial P 8
Total T 28
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 9

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 124 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 124
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1765 Aug 3001h41m27s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 2144 Apr 1800h07m34s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1639 Jun 1503h12m07s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1513 Mar 2100h29m48s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1495 Mar 1104h29m22s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2450 Oct 2100h53m38s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2162 Apr 29 - 0.91372
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1513 Mar 21 - 0.01581

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.