Saros 113

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 113

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 113

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 113 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 113
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 0888-Apr-2919:18:29 2264 69 -13750 Nb a- -1.5016 0.0751-0.8702 72.8 - -
2-36 0906-May-1102:52:38 2139 67 -13527 N a- -1.4356 0.1951-0.7479115.9 - -
3-35 0924-May-2110:22:43 2018 64 -13304 N a- -1.3662 0.3217-0.6196147.0 - -
4-34 0942-Jun-0117:51:00 1902 62 -13081 N a- -1.2948 0.4522-0.4881172.0 - -
5-33 0960-Jun-1201:18:07 1790 59 -12858 N a- -1.2224 0.5848-0.3551193.1 - -
6-32 0978-Jun-2308:46:13 1682 57 -12635 N a- -1.1507 0.7164-0.2238210.9 - -
7-31 0996-Jul-0316:14:04 1579 54 -12412 N a- -1.0789 0.8486-0.0925226.5 - -
8-30 1014-Jul-1423:45:38 1481 52 -12189 P a- -1.0102 0.9754 0.0328239.8 39.3 -
9-29 1032-Jul-2507:19:42 1387 50 -11966 P a- -0.9440 1.0981 0.1533251.3 83.6 -
10-28 1050-Aug-0514:59:46 1298 47 -11743 P a- -0.8827 1.2119 0.2644261.0108.2 -
11-27 1068-Aug-1522:43:34 1214 45 -11520 P a- -0.8249 1.3196 0.3688269.5125.9 -
12-26 1086-Aug-2706:35:34 1134 43 -11297 P a- -0.7743 1.4143 0.4599276.4138.8 -
13-25 1104-Sep-0614:33:26 1058 41 -11074 P a- -0.7289 1.4996 0.5413282.4148.9 -
14-24 1122-Sep-1722:39:14 987 39 -10851 P a- -0.6903 1.5724 0.6100287.2156.5 -
15-23 1140-Sep-2806:51:48 920 37 -10628 P a- -0.6577 1.6344 0.6677291.3162.4 -
16-22 1158-Oct-0915:12:38 857 35 -10405 P a- -0.6321 1.6836 0.7126294.6166.8 -
17-21 1176-Oct-1923:40:10 798 33 -10182 P a- -0.6127 1.7213 0.7461297.2169.9 -
18-20 1194-Oct-3108:13:26 743 31 -9959 P a- -0.5982 1.7499 0.7708299.4172.3 -
19-19 1212-Nov-1016:52:45 691 29 -9736 P a- -0.5891 1.7684 0.7855301.0173.7 -
20-18 1230-Nov-2201:36:17 643 28 -9513 P a- -0.5835 1.7803 0.7942302.4174.7 -
21-17 1248-Dec-0210:22:42 597 26 -9290 P a- -0.5810 1.7863 0.7973303.5175.3 -
22-16 1266-Dec-1319:09:34 555 24 -9067 P a- -0.5793 1.7908 0.7994304.5175.8 -
23-15 1284-Dec-2403:56:34 516 23 -8844 P a- -0.5782 1.7937 0.8004305.4176.2 -
24-14 1303-Jan-0412:41:25 479 21 -8621 P a- -0.5757 1.7991 0.8043306.5176.9 -
25-13 1321-Jan-1421:22:14 445 20 -8398 P a- -0.5704 1.8092 0.8134307.7178.1 -
26-12 1339-Jan-2605:58:06 412 20 -8175 P a- -0.5615 1.8258 0.8294309.3179.7 -
27-11 1357-Feb-0514:27:25 382 20 -7952 P a- -0.5480 1.8509 0.8542311.2182.1 -
28-10 1375-Feb-1622:49:13 354 20 -7729 P a- -0.5288 1.8861 0.8893313.6185.1 -
29 -9 1393-Feb-2707:02:11 327 20 -7506 P a- -0.5029 1.9336 0.9369316.4189.0 -
30 -8 1411-Mar-1015:06:35 301 20 -7283 P a- -0.4705 1.9930 0.9964319.6193.3 -
31 -7 1429-Mar-2023:02:09 277 20 -7060 T p- -0.4313 2.0649 1.0683323.1198.1 39.5
32 -6 1447-Apr-0106:47:24 254 20 -6837 T p- -0.3843 2.1513 1.1545326.9203.2 58.1
33 -5 1465-Apr-1114:24:27 233 20 -6614 T p- -0.3312 2.2488 1.2516330.7208.2 72.0
34 -4 1483-Apr-2221:52:17 213 20 -6391 T- p- -0.2714 2.3590 1.3611334.5212.9 83.2
35 -3 1501-May-0305:13:24 194 20 -6168 T- pp -0.2065 2.4787 1.4796337.9217.0 91.9
36 -2 1519-May-1412:25:25 176 20 -5945 T- pp -0.1349 2.6107 1.6101341.0220.4 98.3
37 -1 1537-May-2419:33:11 160 20 -5722 T- pp -0.0608 2.7477 1.7450343.4222.7102.1
38 0 1555-Jun-0502:34:52 145 20 -5499 T+ pp 0.0172 2.8291 1.8238345.1223.8103.1
39 1 1573-Jun-1509:33:59 133 20 -5276 T+ pp 0.0963 2.6854 1.6770346.0223.5101.2
40 2 1591-Jul-0616:29:28 122 20 -5053 T+ pp 0.1776 2.5382 1.5261346.0221.6 95.7
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 113
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 1609-Jul-1623:25:48 107 19 -4830 T+ -p 0.2570 2.3946 1.3783345.1218.3 86.3
42 4 1627-Jul-2806:21:39 83 16 -4607 T -h 0.3356 2.2527 1.2318343.4213.5 71.4
43 5 1645-Aug-0713:19:25 55 13 -4384 T -h 0.4115 2.1160 1.0900340.9207.2 46.7
44 6 1663-Aug-1820:20:08 30 10 -4161 P -h 0.4840 1.9858 0.9543337.7199.4 -
45 7 1681-Aug-2903:25:57 13 8 -3938 P -h 0.5511 1.8655 0.8282334.1190.6 -
46 8 1699-Sep-0910:37:09 8 5 -3715 P -h 0.6130 1.7550 0.7117330.1180.8 -
47 9 1717-Sep-2017:54:24 10 4 -3492 P -h 0.6690 1.6554 0.6060326.1170.2 -
48 10 1735-Oct-0201:19:12 11 4 -3269 P -h 0.7178 1.5689 0.5134322.2159.5 -
49 11 1753-Oct-1208:51:29 13 3 -3046 P -h 0.7598 1.4950 0.4334318.6148.8 -
50 12 1771-Oct-2316:30:23 16 2 -2823 P -h 0.7955 1.4323 0.3649315.4138.3 -
51 13 1789-Nov-0300:17:05 16 1 -2600 P -h 0.8243 1.3824 0.3094312.8128.7 -
52 14 1807-Nov-1508:09:58 12 1 -2377 P -h 0.8473 1.3426 0.2646310.8120.1 -
53 15 1825-Nov-2516:09:25 9 1 -2154 P -h 0.8643 1.3138 0.2312309.5113.1 -
54 16 1843-Dec-0700:11:30 6 1 -1931 P -t 0.8785 1.2897 0.2031308.4106.6 -
55 17 1861-Dec-1708:18:43 8 0 -1708 P -t 0.8881 1.2738 0.1840307.9102.0 -
56 18 1879-Dec-2816:26:22 -5 0 -1485 P -t 0.8970 1.2587 0.1664307.3 97.4 -
57 19 1898-Jan-0800:34:46 -5 0 -1262 P -t 0.9046 1.2456 0.1516306.8 93.3 -
58 20 1916-Jan-2008:39:41 18 0 -1039 P -t 0.9146 1.2278 0.1327305.8 87.7 -
59 21 1934-Jan-3016:42:43 24 0 -816 P -t 0.9258 1.2073 0.1120304.4 80.9 -
60 22 1952-Feb-1100:39:48 30 0 -593 P -t 0.9416 1.1782 0.0832302.0 70.1 -
61 23 1970-Feb-2108:30:44 40 0 -370 P -t 0.9620 1.1403 0.0464298.6 52.7 -
62 24 1988-Mar-0316:13:42 56 0 -147 Nx -t 0.9886 1.0908-0.0016293.8 - -
63 25 2006-Mar-1423:48:35 65 0 76 Nx -t 1.0211 1.0301-0.0603287.5 - -
64 26 2024-Mar-2507:14:00 71 1 299 N -t 1.0610 0.9557-0.1324279.2 - -
65 27 2042-Apr-0514:30:12 80 4 522 N -t 1.1080 0.8681-0.2175268.5 - -
66 28 2060-Apr-1521:37:05 92 8 745 N -t 1.1622 0.7675-0.3155255.0 - -
67 29 2078-Apr-2704:35:45 106 13 968 N -t 1.2223 0.6558-0.4245238.3 - -
68 30 2096-May-0711:24:44 123 19 1191 N -t 1.2897 0.5309-0.5469217.0 - -
69 31 2114-May-1918:07:34 143 26 1414 N -t 1.3612 0.3984-0.6770190.2 - -
70 32 2132-May-3000:42:51 165 33 1637 N -t 1.4381 0.2563-0.8169154.5 - -
71 33 2150-Jun-1007:14:49 189 41 1860 Ne -t 1.5172 0.1101-0.9612102.5 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 113

Lunar eclipses of Saros 113 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0888 Apr 29. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 2150 Jun 10. The total duration of Saros series 113 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 113
First Eclipse 0888 Apr 29
Last Eclipse 2150 Jun 10
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 7N 23P 13T 18P 10N

Saros 113 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 113
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 17 23.9%
PartialP 41 57.7%
TotalT 13 18.3%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 113 occur in the order of 7N 23P 13T 18P 10N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 113
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 7
Partial P 23
Total T 13
Partial P 18
Penumbral N 10

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 113 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 113
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1555 Jun 0501h43m06s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1429 Mar 2000h39m32s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1663 Aug 1803h19m26s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1014 Jul 1400h39m16s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1988 Mar 0304h53m51s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0888 Apr 2901h12m49s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1411 Mar 10 - 0.99641
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1014 Jul 14 - 0.03276

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.