Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia

The diagram to the right depicts the Moon's path with respect to Earth's umbral and penumbral shadows. Below it is a map showing the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the figure to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the figure, see Key to Lunar Eclipse Figures.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2025 Sep 07 at 18:12:58 TD (18:11:46 UT1). This is 2.7 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Moon is in the constellation Aquarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 1270.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 128 and is number 41 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

The total lunar eclipse of 2025 Sep 07 is followed two weeks later by a partial solar eclipse on 2025 Sep 21.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., TD = UT1 + ΔT). ΔT has a value of 71.9 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07 .


Eclipse Data: Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Penumbral Magnitude 2.34397
Umbral Magnitude 1.36186
Gamma-0.27521
Epsilon 0.2721°
Opposition Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2025 Sep 07 at 18:12:58.0 TD (18:11:46.1 UT1) 2460926.258172
Ecliptic Opposition 2025 Sep 07 at 18:10:03.0 TD (18:08:51.1 UT1) 2460926.256147
Equatorial Opposition 2025 Sep 07 at 17:57:02.8 TD (17:55:50.9 UT1) 2460926.247117
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2025 Sep 07 at 18:12:58.0 TD (18:11:46.1 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension11h06m09.1s23h06m40.4s
Declination+05°45'47.6"-06°00'08.9"
Semi-Diameter 15'52.4" 16'09.8"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.7" 0°59'19.1"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -4.1°
b 0.4°
c -21.2°
Earth's Shadows
Parameter Value
Penumbral Radius 1.2655°
Umbral Radius 0.7364°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 71.9 s
Shadow Rule Danjon
Shadow Enlargement 1.010
Saros Series 128 (41/71)

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Data Tables

Eclipse Contacts: Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07

Lunar Eclipse Contacts
Eclipse Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Zenith Latitude Zenith Longitude Position Angle Axis Distance
Penumbral BeginsP115:29:33.115:28:21.306°45.7'S126°10.8'E 231.4° 1.5335°
Partial BeginsU116:28:16.316:27:04.406°29.4'S111°58.6'E 225.9° 1.0049°
Total BeginsU217:31:55.917:30:44.006°11.6'S096°34.7'E 205.9° 0.4668°
Greatest EclipseGreatest18:12:58.018:11:46.106°00.1'S086°39.2'E 151.6° 0.2721°
Total EndsU318:54:01.718:52:49.905°48.7'S076°43.2'E 97.2° 0.4672°
Partial EndsU419:57:42.119:56:30.205°30.8'S061°19.2'E 77.3° 1.0066°
Penumbral EndsP420:56:18.320:55:06.405°14.3'S047°08.6'E 71.8° 1.5362°
Eclipse Durations
Eclipse Phase Duration
Penumbral (P4 - P1)05h26m45.2s
Partial (U4 - U1)03h29m25.8s
Total (U3 - U2)01h22m05.9s

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Contacts Table

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2025 Sep 07 at 18:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d f1 f2 f3
0 0.02402 -0.29632 0.1006 1.26541 0.73629 0.26935
1 0.48791 0.26398 -0.0003 0.00040 0.00039 0.00011
2 0.00019 0.00016 -0.0000 -0.00000 -0.00000 -0.00000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 18.000

Explanation of Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Lunar Eclipse of 2025 Sep 07 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 71.9 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.