Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, western Australia

The diagram to the right depicts the Moon's path with respect to Earth's umbral and penumbral shadows. Below it is a map showing the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the figure to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the figure, see Key to Lunar Eclipse Figures.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1942 Mar 03 at 00:21:54 TD (00:21:28 UT1). This is 5.4 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Moon is in the constellation Leo. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 237.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 122 and is number 52 of 74 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

This total eclipse is central meaning the Moon’s disk actually passes through the axis of Earth’s umbral shadow. It has an umbral eclipse magnitude of 1.5612, and Gamma has a value of -0.1545. Because they are so deep, such eclipses typically have the longest total phases. In this case, the duration of totality lasts 95.9 minutes.

The total lunar eclipse of 1942 Mar 03 is followed two weeks later by a partial solar eclipse on 1942 Mar 16.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., TD = UT1 + ΔT). ΔT has a value of 25.4 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03 .


Eclipse Data: Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Penumbral Magnitude 2.58789
Umbral Magnitude 1.56118
Gamma-0.15453
Epsilon 0.1485°
Opposition Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1942 Mar 03 at 00:21:53.6 TD (00:21:28.2 UT1) 2430421.514909
Ecliptic Opposition 1942 Mar 03 at 00:20:10.9 TD (00:19:45.5 UT1) 2430421.513721
Equatorial Opposition 1942 Mar 03 at 00:27:00.8 TD (00:26:35.4 UT1) 2430421.518465
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1942 Mar 03 at 00:21:53.6 TD (00:21:28.2 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension22h52m50.5s10h52m40.2s
Declination-07°08'24.4"+06°59'52.2"
Semi-Diameter 16'08.0" 15'42.8"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 0°57'40.1"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -5.1°
b 0.3°
c 23.9°
Earth's Shadows
Parameter Value
Penumbral Radius 1.2421°
Umbral Radius 0.7043°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 25.4 s
Shadow Rule Danjon
Shadow Enlargement 1.010
Saros Series 122 (52/74)

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Data Tables

Eclipse Contacts: Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03

Lunar Eclipse Contacts
Eclipse Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Zenith Latitude Zenith Longitude Position Angle Axis Distance
Penumbral BeginsP121:29:38.021:29:12.607°28.2'N039°16.4'E 281.0° 1.5025°
Partial BeginsU122:32:04.122:31:38.707°18.0'N024°11.1'E 277.8° 0.9652°
Total BeginsU223:33:57.423:33:31.907°07.8'N009°13.8'E 267.1° 0.4422°
Greatest EclipseGreatest00:21:53.600:21:28.206°59.9'N002°21.2'W 196.7° 0.1485°
Total EndsU301:09:51.301:09:25.906°51.9'N013°56.6'W 126.3° 0.4427°
Partial EndsU402:11:45.502:11:20.106°41.6'N028°54.1'W 115.5° 0.9672°
Penumbral EndsP403:14:02.603:13:37.106°31.2'N043°57.1'W 112.4° 1.5055°
Eclipse Durations
Eclipse Phase Duration
Penumbral (P4 - P1)05h44m24.5s
Partial (U4 - U1)03h39m41.4s
Total (U3 - U2)01h35m53.9s

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Contacts Table

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1942 Mar 03 at 00:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d f1 f2 f3
0 -0.22489 -0.08764 -0.1247 1.24195 0.70418 0.26185
1 0.49939 -0.14964 0.0003 0.00042 0.00042 0.00011
2 0.00023 -0.00011 0.0000 -0.00000 -0.00000 -0.00000
3 -0.00001 0.00000 - - - -

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 0.000

Explanation of Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Lunar Eclipse of 1942 Mar 03 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 25.4 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.