Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, western Australia

The diagram to the right depicts the Moon's path with respect to Earth's umbral and penumbral shadows. Below it is a map showing the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the figure to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the figure, see Key to Lunar Eclipse Figures.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1921 Oct 16 at 22:53:59 TD (22:53:37 UT1). This is 5.5 days after the Moon reaches apogee. During the eclipse, the Moon is in the constellation Aries. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of -15.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 135 and is number 18 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

This is a very deep partial eclipse. It has an umbral eclipse magnitude of 0.9317 and a partial eclipse duration of 199.1 minutes. Gamma has a value of -0.4902.

The partial lunar eclipse of 1921 Oct 16 is preceded two weeks earlier by a total solar eclipse on 1921 Oct 01.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., TD = UT1 + ΔT). ΔT has a value of 22.5 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16 .


Eclipse Data: Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Penumbral Magnitude 1.98582
Umbral Magnitude 0.93171
Gamma-0.49021
Epsilon 0.4566°
Opposition Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1921 Oct 16 at 22:53:59.5 TD (22:53:37.0 UT1) 2422979.453901
Ecliptic Opposition 1921 Oct 16 at 22:59:36.3 TD (22:59:13.9 UT1) 2422979.457800
Equatorial Opposition 1921 Oct 16 at 22:37:50.5 TD (22:37:28.1 UT1) 2422979.442686
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1921 Oct 16 at 22:53:59.5 TD (22:53:37.0 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension13h25m14.0s01h25m44.7s
Declination-08°57'23.5"+08°31'03.8"
Semi-Diameter 16'03.2" 15'13.7"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.8" 0°55'53.3"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -4.4°
b 0.6°
c -23.3°
Earth's Shadows
Parameter Value
Penumbral Radius 1.2108°
Umbral Radius 0.6757°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 22.5 s
Shadow Rule Danjon
Shadow Enlargement 1.010
Saros Series 135 (18/71)

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Data Tables

Eclipse Contacts: Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16

Lunar Eclipse Contacts
Eclipse Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Zenith Latitude Zenith Longitude Position Angle Axis Distance
Penumbral BeginsP120:02:50.720:02:28.208°05.2'N054°34.2'E 235.8° 1.4633°
Partial BeginsU121:14:28.621:14:06.208°16.1'N037°13.4'E 224.5° 0.9288°
Greatest EclipseGreatest22:53:59.522:53:37.008°31.1'N013°07.6'E 164.0° 0.4566°
Partial EndsU400:33:34.700:33:12.208°46.0'N010°59.2'W 103.4° 0.9302°
Penumbral EndsP401:45:04.601:44:42.108°56.6'N028°17.7'W 92.1° 1.4659°
Eclipse Durations
Eclipse Phase Duration
Penumbral (P4 - P1)05h42m13.9s
Partial (U4 - U1)03h19m06.1s

Explanation of Lunar Eclipse Contacts Table

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1921 Oct 16 at 23:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d f1 f2 f3
0 0.17317 -0.42527 -0.1563 1.21083 0.67574 0.25382
1 0.46900 0.13489 -0.0003 0.00035 0.00034 0.00009
2 0.00019 0.00002 0.0000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 23.000

Explanation of Besselian Elements

Links for the Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Partial Lunar Eclipse of 1921 Oct 16 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 22.5 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.