Saros 129

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 129

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 129

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 129 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 129
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-32 1103-Oct-0303:17:46 1062 41 -11085 Pb t- 1.5318 0.0555 72N 157W 0 - -
2-31 1121-Oct-1310:56:22 990 39 -10862 P t- 1.5061 0.1012 71N 74E 0 - -
3-30 1139-Oct-2418:42:02 923 37 -10639 P t- 1.4860 0.1368 71N 56W 0 - -
4-29 1157-Nov-0402:33:54 860 35 -10416 P t- 1.4710 0.1634 70N 173E 0 - -
5-28 1175-Nov-1510:31:16 801 33 -10193 P t- 1.4606 0.1820 69N 42E 0 - -
6-27 1193-Nov-2518:32:25 745 31 -9970 P t- 1.4532 0.1953 68N 90W 0 - -
7-26 1211-Dec-0702:36:41 693 30 -9747 P t- 1.4484 0.2038 67N 138E 0 - -
8-25 1229-Dec-1710:40:17 645 28 -9524 P t- 1.4431 0.2131 66N 6E 0 - -
9-24 1247-Dec-2818:44:23 600 26 -9301 P t- 1.4384 0.2213 65N 125W 0 - -
10-23 1266-Jan-0802:44:25 557 25 -9078 P t- 1.4301 0.2349 64N 105E 0 - -
11-22 1284-Jan-1910:40:59 518 23 -8855 P t- 1.4195 0.2525 63N 23W 0 - -
12-21 1302-Jan-2918:29:45 481 21 -8632 P t- 1.4025 0.2804 62N 150W 0 - -
13-20 1320-Feb-1002:13:13 446 20 -8409 P t- 1.3814 0.3153 62N 85E 0 - -
14-19 1338-Feb-2009:47:27 414 20 -8186 P t- 1.3525 0.3632 61N 37W 0 - -
15-18 1356-Mar-0217:13:15 384 20 -7963 P t- 1.3169 0.4224 61N 157W 0 - -
16-17 1374-Mar-1400:29:05 355 20 -7740 P t- 1.2732 0.4957 61N 85E 0 - -
17-16 1392-Mar-2407:36:44 328 20 -7517 P t- 1.2226 0.5808 61N 31W 0 - -
18-15 1410-Apr-0414:35:16 303 20 -7294 P t- 1.1642 0.6798 61N 144W 0 - -
19-14 1428-Apr-1421:25:45 278 20 -7071 P t- 1.0987 0.7915 62N 105E 0 - -
20-13 1446-Apr-2604:09:02 256 20 -6848 P t- 1.0268 0.9147 62N 5W 0 - -
21-12 1464-May-0610:46:56 234 20 -6625 A t- 0.9502 0.9367 71N 73W 18 77104m17s
22-11 1482-May-1717:18:59 214 20 -6402 A t- 0.8682 0.9420 73N 137W 29 43404m14s
23-10 1500-May-2723:48:29 195 20 -6179 A p- 0.7832 0.9461 72N 152E 38 32004m13s
24 -9 1518-Jun-0806:15:22 177 20 -5956 A p- 0.6956 0.9496 67N 73E 46 25904m13s
25 -8 1536-Jun-1812:43:20 161 20 -5733 A p- 0.6080 0.9523 61N 13W 52 22004m17s
26 -7 1554-Jun-2919:10:38 146 20 -5510 A p- 0.5192 0.9546 54N 105W 58 19504m22s
27 -6 1572-Jul-1001:42:41 133 20 -5287 A p- 0.4339 0.9562 47N 160E 64 17704m30s
28 -5 1590-Jul-3108:17:38 123 20 -5064 A p- 0.3503 0.9574 39N 62E 69 16604m38s
29 -4 1608-Aug-1015:00:05 109 19 -4841 A pn 0.2722 0.9581 31N 40W 74 15804m46s
30 -3 1626-Aug-2121:47:41 84 16 -4618 A nn 0.1976 0.9584 23N 143W 78 15404m54s
31 -2 1644-Sep-0104:45:27 57 13 -4395 A nn 0.1307 0.9584 15N 111E 82 15205m00s
32 -1 1662-Sep-1211:50:44 32 11 -4172 A nn 0.0694 0.9582 8N 3E 86 15305m05s
33 0 1680-Sep-2219:06:23 14 8 -3949 A nn 0.0160 0.9578 1N 108W 89 15305m08s
34 1 1698-Oct-0402:31:24 8 5 -3726 A nn -0.0305 0.9573 6S 139E 88 15505m10s
35 2 1716-Oct-1510:07:38 10 4 -3503 A nn -0.0687 0.9570 13S 23E 86 15705m10s
36 3 1734-Oct-2617:53:27 11 4 -3280 A nn -0.0996 0.9567 18S 94W 84 15905m08s
37 4 1752-Nov-0601:48:14 13 3 -3057 A nn -0.1239 0.9567 23S 147E 83 15905m03s
38 5 1770-Nov-1709:51:53 16 2 -2834 A nn -0.1416 0.9571 27S 27E 82 15804m56s
39 6 1788-Nov-2718:02:53 16 1 -2611 A nn -0.1542 0.9579 30S 94W 81 15504m46s
40 7 1806-Dec-1002:19:39 12 1 -2388 A nn -0.1627 0.9591 32S 143E 80 15104m32s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 129
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 8 1824-Dec-2010:40:35 10 1 -2165 Am nn -0.1685 0.9610 33S 20E 80 14404m15s
42 9 1842-Dec-3119:04:24 6 1 -1942 A nn -0.1727 0.9634 33S 103W 80 13503m54s
43 10 1861-Jan-1103:29:23 8 0 -1719 A nn -0.1766 0.9664 32S 133E 80 12303m30s
44 11 1879-Jan-2211:53:08 -5 0 -1496 A nn -0.1824 0.9700 30S 9E 79 10903m03s
45 12 1897-Feb-0120:15:15 -6 0 -1273 A nn -0.1903 0.9742 27S 116W 79 9402m34s
46 13 1915-Feb-1404:33:20 17 0 -1050 A nn -0.2024 0.9789 24S 121E 78 7702m04s
47 14 1933-Feb-2412:46:39 24 0 -827 A nn -0.2191 0.9841 21S 2W 77 5801m32s
48 15 1951-Mar-0720:53:40 30 0 -604 A -n -0.2420 0.9896 18S 124W 76 3800m59s
49 16 1969-Mar-1804:54:57 39 0 -381 A -n -0.2704 0.9954 15S 116E 74 1600m26s
50 17 1987-Mar-2912:49:47 55 0 -158 H -n -0.3053 1.0013 12S 2W 72 500m08s
51 18 2005-Apr-0820:36:51 65 0 65 H -n -0.3473 1.0074 11S 119W 70 2700m42s
52 19 2023-Apr-2004:17:56 71 1 288 H -n -0.3952 1.0132 10S 126E 67 4901m16s
53 20 2041-Apr-3011:52:21 80 3 511 T -p -0.4492 1.0189 10S 12E 63 7201m51s
54 21 2059-May-1119:22:16 91 8 734 T -p -0.5080 1.0242 11S 100W 59 9502m23s
55 22 2077-May-2202:46:05 106 13 957 T -p -0.5725 1.0290 13S 148E 55 11902m54s
56 23 2095-Jun-0210:07:40 122 19 1180 T -p -0.6396 1.0332 17S 37E 50 14503m18s
57 24 2113-Jun-1317:26:00 142 25 1403 T -p -0.7097 1.0367 22S 74W 45 17403m36s
58 25 2131-Jun-2500:43:16 164 33 1626 T -p -0.7813 1.0393 28S 174E 38 21103m43s
59 26 2149-Jul-0507:59:34 188 41 1849 T -p -0.8544 1.0408 36S 62E 31 26403m38s
60 27 2167-Jul-1615:17:48 215 49 2072 T -t -0.9262 1.0410 47S 53W 22 36803m19s
61 28 2185-Jul-2622:38:16 245 58 2295 Ts -t -0.9967 1.0370 68S 179W 1 - 02m27s
62 29 2203-Aug-0806:01:56 277 68 2518 P -t -1.0650 0.8897 70S 56E 0 - -
63 30 2221-Aug-1813:30:39 312 78 2741 P -t -1.1296 0.7673 71S 69W 0 - -
64 31 2239-Aug-2921:05:15 349 89 2964 P -t -1.1897 0.6529 71S 165E 0 - -
65 32 2257-Sep-0904:46:44 389 101 3187 P -t -1.2448 0.5480 72S 36E 0 - -
66 33 2275-Sep-2012:34:54 431 112 3410 P -t -1.2949 0.4526 72S 95W 0 - -
67 34 2293-Sep-3020:31:27 476 125 3633 P -t -1.3386 0.3697 72S 132E 0 - -
68 35 2311-Oct-1304:36:08 524 137 3856 P -t -1.3762 0.2985 72S 3W 0 - -
69 36 2329-Oct-2312:48:23 574 150 4079 P -t -1.4082 0.2383 71S 140W 0 - -
70 37 2347-Nov-0321:09:18 627 164 4302 P -t -1.4337 0.1903 70S 82E 0 - -
71 38 2365-Nov-1405:37:33 682 178 4525 P -t -1.4540 0.1526 70S 57W 0 - -
72 39 2383-Nov-2514:13:31 740 193 4748 P -t -1.4683 0.1260 69S 162E 0 - -
73 40 2401-Dec-0522:53:36 801 208 4971 P -t -1.4797 0.1049 68S 21E 0 - -
74 41 2419-Dec-1707:40:06 864 223 5194 P -t -1.4865 0.0925 67S 121W 0 - -
75 42 2437-Dec-2716:29:06 929 239 5417 P -t -1.4920 0.0824 65S 97E 0 - -
76 43 2456-Jan-0801:21:03 998 255 5640 P -t -1.4955 0.0759 65S 46W 0 - -
77 44 2474-Jan-1810:12:10 1068 272 5863 P -t -1.5000 0.0673 64S 172E 0 - -
78 45 2492-Jan-2919:03:42 1142 289 6086 P -t -1.5046 0.0582 63S 30E 0 - -
79 46 2510-Feb-1003:51:54 1218 306 6309 P -t -1.5124 0.0430 62S 110W 0 - -
80 47 2528-Feb-2112:36:43 1296 324 6532 Pe -t -1.5232 0.0218 62S 110E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 129

Solar eclipses of Saros 129 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1103 Oct 03. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2528 Feb 21. The total duration of Saros series 129 is 1424.38 years.

Summary of Saros 129
First Eclipse 1103 Oct 03
Last Eclipse 2528 Feb 21
Series Duration 1424.38 Years
No. of Eclipses 80
Sequence 20P 29A 3H 9T 19P

Saros 129 is composed of 80 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 129
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 80100.0%
PartialP 39 48.8%
AnnularA 29 36.2%
TotalT 9 11.2%
HybridH 3 3.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 129 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 129
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 41100.0%
Central (two limits) 40 97.6%
Central (one limit) 1 2.4%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 80 eclipses in Saros 129 occur in the following order : 20P 29A 3H 9T 19P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 129 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 129
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1698 Oct 0405m10s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1969 Mar 1800m26s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 2131 Jun 2503m43s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 2041 Apr 3001m51s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2023 Apr 2001m16s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1987 Mar 2900m08s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1446 Apr 26 - 0.91468
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2528 Feb 21 - 0.02179

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.