Saros 118

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 118

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 118

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 118 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 118
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 0803-May-2413:35:44 2907 83 -14800 Pb t- -1.5326 0.0122 68S 1W 0 - -
2-35 0821-Jun-0320:45:37 2764 80 -14577 P t- -1.4545 0.1560 67S 120W 0 - -
3-34 0839-Jun-1503:56:17 2624 77 -14354 P t- -1.3759 0.3022 66S 121E 0 - -
4-33 0857-Jun-2511:08:17 2488 74 -14131 P t- -1.2973 0.4493 65S 2E 0 - -
5-32 0875-Jul-0618:24:44 2356 71 -13908 P t- -1.2210 0.5928 64S 117W 0 - -
6-31 0893-Jul-1701:45:12 2228 69 -13685 P t- -1.1469 0.7326 63S 123E 0 - -
7-30 0911-Jul-2809:12:17 2104 66 -13462 P t- -1.0774 0.8639 63S 1E 0 - -
8-29 0929-Aug-0716:45:02 1984 63 -13239 P t- -1.0118 0.9879 62S 122W 0 - -
9-28 0947-Aug-1900:26:47 1869 61 -13016 T t- -0.9528 1.0357 51S 139E 17 39302m29s
10-27 0965-Aug-2908:15:45 1758 58 -12793 T t- -0.8991 1.0377 47S 25E 26 28402m41s
11-26 0983-Sep-0916:13:11 1652 56 -12570 T p- -0.8518 1.0386 46S 94W 31 24202m44s
12-25 1001-Sep-2000:19:03 1550 54 -12347 T p- -0.8112 1.0388 46S 145E 36 21802m43s
13-24 1019-Oct-0108:34:15 1453 51 -12124 T p- -0.7782 1.0386 48S 21E 39 20202m40s
14-23 1037-Oct-1116:57:18 1361 49 -11901 T p- -0.7512 1.0382 50S 105W 41 19102m36s
15-22 1055-Oct-2301:27:42 1273 47 -11678 T p- -0.7302 1.0377 53S 128E 43 18302m32s
16-21 1073-Nov-0210:05:09 1190 45 -11455 T p- -0.7149 1.0373 57S 0E 44 17802m29s
17-20 1091-Nov-1318:48:53 1111 42 -11232 T p- -0.7047 1.0371 60S 128W 45 17502m26s
18-19 1109-Nov-2403:36:08 1037 40 -11009 T p- -0.6974 1.0372 63S 105E 45 17502m26s
19-18 1127-Dec-0512:27:04 967 38 -10786 T p- -0.6931 1.0377 66S 21W 46 17602m28s
20-17 1145-Dec-1521:18:43 901 36 -10563 T p- -0.6892 1.0387 67S 145W 46 18002m32s
21-16 1163-Dec-2706:11:23 839 34 -10340 T p- -0.6861 1.0400 67S 92E 46 18502m38s
22-15 1182-Jan-0615:00:28 782 33 -10117 T p- -0.6802 1.0420 64S 33W 47 19202m48s
23-14 1200-Jan-1723:48:26 727 31 -9894 T p- -0.6731 1.0443 61S 159W 47 20003m01s
24-13 1218-Jan-2808:30:14 677 29 -9671 T p- -0.6613 1.0470 57S 73E 48 20903m17s
25-12 1236-Feb-0817:07:25 629 27 -9448 T p- -0.6454 1.0501 51S 56W 50 21703m36s
26-11 1254-Feb-1901:36:14 585 26 -9225 T p- -0.6227 1.0534 45S 176E 51 22503m59s
27-10 1272-Mar-0109:59:29 544 24 -9002 T p- -0.5955 1.0569 39S 49E 53 23204m24s
28 -9 1290-Mar-1218:13:56 505 22 -8779 T p- -0.5611 1.0604 33S 78W 56 23804m52s
29 -8 1308-Mar-2302:20:56 469 21 -8556 T p- -0.5206 1.0638 26S 158E 58 24305m21s
30 -7 1326-Apr-0310:19:35 435 20 -8333 T p- -0.4731 1.0668 19S 35E 62 24605m49s
31 -6 1344-Apr-1318:11:34 403 20 -8110 T n- -0.4201 1.0695 12S 85W 65 24906m15s
32 -5 1362-Apr-2501:56:13 374 20 -7887 T n- -0.3611 1.0717 5S 156E 69 24906m37s
33 -4 1380-May-0509:34:56 346 20 -7664 T n- -0.2974 1.0732 1N 39E 73 24906m52s
34 -3 1398-May-1617:08:39 319 20 -7441 T n- -0.2294 1.0741 8N 76W 77 24706m59s
35 -2 1416-May-2700:38:46 294 20 -7218 T nn -0.1585 1.0742 14N 171E 81 24406m56s
36 -1 1434-Jun-0708:05:18 271 20 -6995 T nn -0.0847 1.0735 19N 59E 85 23906m45s
37 0 1452-Jun-1715:30:41 248 20 -6772 Tm nn -0.0102 1.0719 23N 51W 90 23406m26s
38 1 1470-Jun-2822:54:54 227 20 -6549 T nn 0.0650 1.0695 26N 161W 86 22706m02s
39 2 1488-Jul-0906:20:49 207 20 -6326 T -n 0.1384 1.0663 29N 89E 82 21905m36s
40 3 1506-Jul-2013:46:56 188 20 -6103 T -n 0.2112 1.0623 30N 20W 78 20905m08s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 118
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 1524-Jul-3021:17:37 171 20 -5880 T -n 0.2797 1.0577 31N 130W 74 19804m40s
42 5 1542-Aug-1104:51:04 155 20 -5657 T -n 0.3454 1.0525 31N 119E 70 18404m12s
43 6 1560-Aug-2112:30:54 141 20 -5434 T -p 0.4050 1.0469 30N 5E 66 17003m44s
44 7 1578-Sep-0120:15:07 129 20 -5211 T -p 0.4602 1.0408 28N 110W 62 15203m17s
45 8 1596-Sep-2204:07:01 120 20 -4988 T -p 0.5084 1.0346 27N 133E 59 13402m50s
46 9 1614-Oct-0312:04:50 101 18 -4765 T -p 0.5511 1.0282 25N 14E 56 11302m23s
47 10 1632-Oct-1320:09:38 75 15 -4542 T -p 0.5872 1.0220 24N 108W 54 9101m55s
48 11 1650-Oct-2504:21:25 48 12 -4319 T -p 0.6170 1.0159 22N 128E 52 6801m26s
49 12 1668-Nov-0412:40:05 24 10 -4096 H -p 0.6401 1.0102 21N 2E 50 4500m57s
50 13 1686-Nov-1521:04:59 10 7 -3873 H -p 0.6578 1.0048 20N 126W 49 2200m28s
51 14 1704-Nov-2705:33:52 8 5 -3650 A -p 0.6716 0.9999 20N 105E 48 100m01s
52 15 1722-Dec-0814:07:34 10 4 -3427 A -p 0.6808 0.9955 20N 25W 47 2100m28s
53 16 1740-Dec-1822:43:17 11 3 -3204 A -p 0.6876 0.9917 20N 156W 46 4000m53s
54 17 1758-Dec-3007:20:12 14 3 -2981 A -p 0.6929 0.9885 21N 72E 46 5601m15s
55 18 1777-Jan-0915:55:35 16 2 -2758 A -p 0.6987 0.9859 22N 59W 46 7001m32s
56 19 1795-Jan-2100:29:13 15 1 -2535 A -p 0.7055 0.9837 25N 170E 45 8101m44s
57 20 1813-Feb-0108:58:26 12 1 -2312 A -p 0.7151 0.9820 28N 40E 44 9101m52s
58 21 1831-Feb-1217:21:44 7 1 -2089 A -p 0.7288 0.9807 32N 88W 43 10001m57s
59 22 1849-Feb-2301:38:09 7 1 -1866 A -p 0.7474 0.9796 37N 144E 41 10801m58s
60 23 1867-Mar-0609:46:47 4 0 -1643 A -p 0.7716 0.9787 42N 18E 39 11801m57s
61 24 1885-Mar-1617:45:42 -6 0 -1420 A -p 0.8030 0.9778 49N 106W 36 13201m55s
62 25 1903-Mar-2901:35:23 2 0 -1197 A -p 0.8413 0.9767 56N 130E 32 15301m53s
63 26 1921-Apr-0809:15:01 22 0 -974 A -t 0.8869 0.9753 64N 6E 27 19101m50s
64 27 1939-Apr-1916:45:53 24 0 -751 A -t 0.9388 0.9731 73N 129W 20 28501m49s
65 28 1957-Apr-3000:05:28 32 0 -528 A+ -t 0.9992 0.9799 71N 40E 0 - -
66 29 1975-May-1107:17:33 46 0 -305 P -t 1.0647 0.8636 70N 80W 0 - -
67 30 1993-May-2114:20:15 59 0 -82 P -t 1.1372 0.7352 69N 162E 0 - -
68 31 2011-Jun-0121:17:18 67 0 141 P -t 1.2130 0.6011 68N 47E 0 - -
69 32 2029-Jun-1204:06:13 74 1 364 P -t 1.2943 0.4576 67N 66W 0 - -
70 33 2047-Jun-2310:52:31 84 5 587 P -t 1.3766 0.3129 66N 178W 0 - -
71 34 2065-Jul-0317:33:52 96 9 810 P -t 1.4619 0.1639 65N 72E 0 - -
72 35 2083-Jul-1500:14:23 111 15 1033 Pe -t 1.5464 0.0169 64N 38W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 118

Solar eclipses of Saros 118 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0803 May 24. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2083 Jul 15. The total duration of Saros series 118 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 118
First Eclipse 0803 May 24
Last Eclipse 2083 Jul 15
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8P 40T 2H 15A 7P

Saros 118 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 118
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 15 20.8%
AnnularA 15 20.8%
TotalT 40 55.6%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 118 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 118
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 57100.0%
Central (two limits) 56 98.2%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 118 occur in the following order : 8P 40T 2H 15A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 118 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 118
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1849 Feb 2301m58s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1704 Nov 2700m01s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1398 May 1606m59s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1650 Oct 2501m26s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1668 Nov 0400m57s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1686 Nov 1500m28s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0929 Aug 07 - 0.98793
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0803 May 24 - 0.01217

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.