Saros 134

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 134

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 134

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 134 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 134
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 1550-Apr-0112:54:38 149 20 -5563 Nb a- 1.5507 0.0022-0.9770 13.1 - -
2-36 1568-Apr-1120:39:01 136 20 -5340 N a- 1.4971 0.0979-0.8760 85.4 - -
3-35 1586-May-0304:16:35 125 20 -5117 N a- 1.4374 0.2050-0.7639122.0 - -
4-34 1604-May-1311:49:46 113 19 -4894 N a- 1.3733 0.3201-0.6441150.3 - -
5-33 1622-May-2419:18:15 90 17 -4671 N a- 1.3047 0.4440-0.5161174.4 - -
6-32 1640-Jun-0402:45:05 63 14 -4448 N a- 1.2341 0.5718-0.3848194.8 - -
7-31 1658-Jun-1510:07:59 37 11 -4225 N a- 1.1594 0.7073-0.2463213.2 - -
8-30 1676-Jun-2517:32:05 17 9 -4002 N a- 1.0850 0.8426-0.1086228.9 - -
9-29 1694-Jul-0700:55:24 8 6 -3779 P a- 1.0090 0.9813 0.0317242.9 39.0 -
10-28 1712-Jul-1808:21:47 9 4 -3556 P a- 0.9351 1.1162 0.1677254.8 87.9 -
11-27 1730-Jul-2915:49:45 10 4 -3333 P a- 0.8619 1.2503 0.3022265.2115.5 -
12-26 1748-Aug-0823:23:27 12 3 -3110 P a- 0.7930 1.3769 0.4287273.9134.9 -
13-25 1766-Aug-2007:01:42 15 2 -2887 P a- 0.7273 1.4978 0.5489281.4149.7 -
14-24 1784-Aug-3014:45:57 17 2 -2664 P a- 0.6662 1.6104 0.6602287.5161.1 -
15-23 1802-Sep-1122:36:46 13 1 -2441 P a- 0.6106 1.7134 0.7615292.6170.0 -
16-22 1820-Sep-2206:35:09 11 1 -2218 P a- 0.5612 1.8049 0.8511296.8176.8 -
17-21 1838-Oct-0314:41:27 5 1 -1995 P a- 0.5183 1.8849 0.9288300.1182.1 -
18-20 1856-Oct-1322:54:33 7 0 -1772 P a- 0.4810 1.9545 0.9960302.8186.2 -
19-19 1874-Oct-2507:16:22 -3 0 -1549 T a- 0.4510 2.0108 1.0497304.9189.2 32.7
20-18 1892-Nov-0415:44:52 -6 0 -1326 T p- 0.4268 2.0565 1.0930306.6191.5 44.1
21-17 1910-Nov-1700:20:52 12 0 -1103 T p- 0.4089 2.0904 1.1246307.9193.0 50.6
22-16 1928-Nov-2709:01:47 24 0 -880 T p- 0.3953 2.1166 1.1486308.9194.2 54.8
23-15 1946-Dec-0817:48:28 28 0 -657 T p- 0.3864 2.1337 1.1639309.6194.9 57.3
24-14 1964-Dec-1902:37:54 36 0 -434 T p- 0.3801 2.1461 1.1748310.2195.5 58.9
25-13 1982-Dec-3011:29:37 53 0 -211 T p- 0.3758 2.1545 1.1822310.7195.9 60.0
26-12 2001-Jan-0920:21:40 64 0 12 T p- 0.3720 2.1618 1.1889311.2196.3 61.0
27-11 2019-Jan-2105:13:27 69 0 235 T p- 0.3684 2.1684 1.1953311.6196.8 62.0
28-10 2037-Jan-3114:01:38 78 3 458 T p- 0.3619 2.1803 1.2074312.2197.5 63.7
29 -9 2055-Feb-1122:46:17 88 7 681 T p- 0.3526 2.1970 1.2246313.0198.5 66.0
30 -8 2073-Feb-2207:24:53 102 11 904 T p- 0.3389 2.2218 1.2503313.9199.8 69.2
31 -7 2091-Mar-0515:58:22 118 17 1127 T p- 0.3212 2.2537 1.2832315.1201.3 72.9
32 -6 2109-Mar-1700:22:28 137 24 1350 T p- 0.2962 2.2989 1.3296316.5203.3 77.5
33 -5 2127-Mar-2808:40:17 158 31 1573 T+ p- 0.2664 2.3531 1.3849318.1205.5 82.3
34 -4 2145-Apr-0716:48:09 182 39 1796 T+ p- 0.2285 2.4221 1.4550319.9207.9 87.3
35 -3 2163-Apr-1900:49:33 208 47 2019 T+ p- 0.1858 2.5001 1.5338321.6210.2 91.8
36 -2 2181-Apr-2908:40:08 237 56 2242 T+ pp 0.1345 2.5938 1.6281323.4212.4 95.9
37 -1 2199-May-1016:25:22 269 66 2465 T+ pp 0.0792 2.6951 1.7297324.9214.1 98.8
38 0 2217-May-2200:01:35 303 76 2688 T+ pp 0.0167 2.8100 1.8444326.1215.2100.4
39 1 2235-Jun-0207:32:47 340 87 2911 T- pp -0.0495 2.7500 1.7838326.9215.5100.1
40 2 2253-Jun-1214:57:11 379 98 3134 T- -p -0.1210 2.6195 1.6520327.0214.8 97.6
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 134
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 2271-Jun-2322:18:46 421 110 3357 T- -p -0.1944 2.4858 1.5166326.5212.9 92.3
42 4 2289-Jul-0405:36:25 465 122 3580 T- -p -0.2703 2.3476 1.3760325.2209.7 83.3
43 5 2307-Jul-1612:51:47 513 134 3803 T -a -0.3476 2.2074 1.2329323.2204.9 69.1
44 6 2325-Jul-2620:06:27 562 147 4026 T -a -0.4246 2.0679 1.0897320.3198.7 45.0
45 7 2343-Aug-0703:21:50 614 161 4249 P -a -0.5005 1.9307 0.9484316.6190.8 -
46 8 2361-Aug-1710:38:40 669 175 4472 P -a -0.5741 1.7981 0.8112312.2181.3 -
47 9 2379-Aug-2817:58:09 726 189 4695 P -a -0.6446 1.6712 0.6792307.2170.1 -
48 10 2397-Sep-0801:22:03 786 204 4918 P -a -0.7105 1.5530 0.5555301.8157.4 -
49 11 2415-Sep-1908:51:05 849 219 5141 P -a -0.7714 1.4443 0.4410296.2143.2 -
50 12 2433-Sep-2916:24:44 914 235 5364 P -a -0.8274 1.3446 0.3352290.5127.2 -
51 13 2451-Oct-1100:05:23 981 251 5587 P -a -0.8769 1.2570 0.2413285.0109.8 -
52 14 2469-Oct-2107:52:37 1052 268 5810 P -a -0.9197 1.1815 0.1596279.9 90.6 -
53 15 2487-Nov-0115:47:25 1124 285 6033 P -a -0.9560 1.1180 0.0900275.4 68.9 -
54 16 2505-Nov-1223:47:36 1200 302 6256 P -a -0.9870 1.0642 0.0301271.5 40.3 -
55 17 2523-Nov-2407:55:23 1278 320 6479 Nx -a -1.0111 1.0229-0.0168268.5 - -
56 18 2541-Dec-0416:08:20 1358 338 6702 N -a -1.0301 0.9907-0.0544266.3 - -
57 19 2559-Dec-1600:26:01 1441 357 6925 N -a -1.0446 0.9665-0.0832264.7 - -
58 20 2577-Dec-2608:46:25 1527 375 7148 N -a -1.0561 0.9474-0.1066263.6 - -
59 21 2596-Jan-0617:09:02 1615 395 7371 N -a -1.0653 0.9324-0.1251262.9 - -
60 22 2614-Jan-1801:31:42 1706 415 7594 N -a -1.0736 0.9187-0.1419262.2 - -
61 23 2632-Jan-2909:52:04 1799 435 7817 N -a -1.0829 0.9028-0.1601261.2 - -
62 24 2650-Feb-0818:09:56 1895 455 8040 N -a -1.0935 0.8842-0.1804259.8 - -
63 25 2668-Feb-2002:22:33 1994 476 8263 N -h -1.1074 0.8593-0.2064257.5 - -
64 26 2686-Mar-0210:28:49 2095 497 8486 N -h -1.1258 0.8257-0.2405254.0 - -
65 27 2704-Mar-1318:26:55 2198 519 8709 N -h -1.1502 0.7810-0.2853248.7 - -
66 28 2722-Mar-2502:17:10 2305 541 8932 N -t -1.1800 0.7263-0.3398241.8 - -
67 29 2740-Apr-0409:58:13 2413 563 9155 N -t -1.2164 0.6592-0.4064232.4 - -
68 30 2758-Apr-1517:28:54 2525 586 9378 N -t -1.2604 0.5782-0.4868219.9 - -
69 31 2776-Apr-2600:50:20 2639 609 9601 N -t -1.3111 0.4848-0.5795203.6 - -
70 32 2794-May-0708:01:56 2755 633 9824 N -t -1.3691 0.3780-0.6857182.0 - -
71 33 2812-May-1715:05:02 2874 657 10047 N -t -1.4329 0.2606-0.8024153.0 - -
72 34 2830-May-2821:58:35 2996 681 10270 N -t -1.5034 0.1311-0.9316110.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 134

Lunar eclipses of Saros 134 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1550 Apr 01. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 2830 May 28. The total duration of Saros series 134 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 134
First Eclipse 1550 Apr 01
Last Eclipse 2830 May 28
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8N 10P 26T 10P 18N

Saros 134 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 134
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 26 36.1%
PartialP 20 27.8%
TotalT 26 36.1%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 134 occur in the order of 8N 10P 26T 10P 18N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 134
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 10
Total T 26
Partial P 10
Penumbral N 18

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 134 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 134
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 2217 May 2201h40m23s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1874 Oct 2500h32m42s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2343 Aug 0703h10m46s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1694 Jul 0700h38m58s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2523 Nov 2404h28m30s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1550 Apr 0100h13m06s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1856 Oct 13 - 0.99601
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2505 Nov 12 - 0.03008

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.