Saros 129

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 129

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 129

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 129 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 129
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-36 1351-Jun-1008:50:40 391 20 -8022 Nb h- -1.5475 0.0078-0.9709 24.7 - -
2-35 1369-Jun-2016:01:23 362 20 -7799 N h- -1.4793 0.1346-0.8474101.7 - -
3-34 1387-Jul-0123:09:52 335 20 -7576 N h- -1.4101 0.2635-0.7223141.3 - -
4-33 1405-Jul-1206:20:19 309 20 -7353 N h- -1.3427 0.3894-0.6007170.5 - -
5-32 1423-Jul-2313:30:11 285 20 -7130 N h- -1.2755 0.5151-0.4799194.6 - -
6-31 1441-Aug-0220:45:01 262 20 -6907 N t- -1.2129 0.6328-0.3675214.2 - -
7-30 1459-Aug-1404:02:34 240 20 -6684 N t- -1.1532 0.7452-0.2609231.0 - -
8-29 1477-Aug-2411:25:46 219 20 -6461 N t- -1.0987 0.8481-0.1639245.0 - -
9-28 1495-Sep-0418:54:16 200 20 -6238 N t- -1.0490 0.9424-0.0760257.0 - -
10-27 1513-Sep-1502:30:21 181 20 -6015 Nx t- -1.0061 1.0244-0.0003266.9 - -
11-26 1531-Sep-2610:13:21 165 20 -5792 P t- -0.9697 1.0946 0.0633275.1 58.4 -
12-25 1549-Oct-0618:02:24 150 20 -5569 P t- -0.9388 1.1543 0.1168282.0 78.9 -
13-24 1567-Oct-1801:59:01 136 20 -5346 P t- -0.9150 1.2012 0.1576287.5 91.4 -
14-23 1585-Nov-0710:01:46 125 20 -5123 P t- -0.8966 1.2379 0.1885291.9 99.8 -
15-22 1603-Nov-1818:10:29 114 19 -4900 P t- -0.8838 1.2640 0.2093295.4105.2 -
16-21 1621-Nov-2902:23:00 91 17 -4677 P t- -0.8746 1.2832 0.2237298.1108.8 -
17-20 1639-Dec-1010:39:49 64 14 -4454 P t- -0.8696 1.2945 0.2308300.2110.7 -
18-19 1657-Dec-2018:57:59 38 11 -4231 P t- -0.8662 1.3026 0.2353302.0112.0 -
19-18 1676-Jan-0103:16:17 17 9 -4008 P t- -0.8635 1.3091 0.2389303.5113.1 -
20-17 1694-Jan-1111:33:04 8 6 -3785 P t- -0.8599 1.3167 0.2444305.1114.6 -
21-16 1712-Jan-2319:47:09 9 5 -3562 P t- -0.8545 1.3274 0.2535306.8116.8 -
22-15 1730-Feb-0303:55:44 10 4 -3339 P t- -0.8452 1.3449 0.2702309.0120.6 -
23-14 1748-Feb-1411:58:05 12 3 -3116 P t- -0.8312 1.3706 0.2956311.8126.0 -
24-13 1766-Feb-2419:52:50 15 2 -2893 P t- -0.8116 1.4065 0.3317315.3133.0 -
25-12 1784-Mar-0703:39:42 17 2 -2670 P t- -0.7859 1.4535 0.3792319.5141.5 -
26-11 1802-Mar-1911:15:28 13 1 -2447 P t- -0.7518 1.5156 0.4423324.5151.7 -
27-10 1820-Mar-2918:42:42 12 1 -2224 P t- -0.7112 1.5895 0.5171330.1162.4 -
28 -9 1838-Apr-1001:58:48 5 1 -2001 P t- -0.6622 1.6788 0.6076336.1173.9 -
29 -8 1856-Apr-2009:06:46 7 0 -1778 P t- -0.6068 1.7799 0.7098342.4185.1 -
30 -7 1874-May-0116:03:17 -3 0 -1555 P t- -0.5426 1.8971 0.8282348.8196.2 -
31 -6 1892-May-1122:53:20 -6 0 -1332 P t- -0.4735 2.0236 0.9555354.8206.3 -
32 -5 1910-May-2405:34:15 11 0 -1109 T t- -0.3976 2.1625 1.0950360.4215.4 49.5
33 -4 1928-Jun-0312:09:57 24 0 -886 T tp -0.3175 2.3092 1.2421365.3223.0 75.3
34 -3 1946-Jun-1418:39:17 28 0 -663 T- pp -0.2324 2.4654 1.3983369.3229.1 91.1
35 -2 1964-Jun-2501:06:50 35 0 -440 T- pp -0.1461 2.6238 1.5565372.2233.3100.8
36 -1 1982-Jul-0607:31:47 53 0 -217 T- pp -0.0579 2.7860 1.7180374.0235.6105.7
37 0 2000-Jul-1613:56:39 64 0 6 T+ pp 0.0302 2.8375 1.7684374.5236.0106.4
38 1 2018-Jul-2720:22:54 69 0 229 T+ pp 0.1168 2.6792 1.6087373.9234.6103.0
39 2 2036-Aug-0702:52:32 77 3 452 T+ pp 0.2004 2.5266 1.4544372.2231.4 95.3
40 3 2054-Aug-1809:26:30 88 6 675 T pp 0.2806 2.3805 1.3062369.6226.6 83.0
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 129
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 4 2072-Aug-2816:05:42 102 11 898 T -t 0.3563 2.2428 1.1662366.1220.3 64.2
42 5 2090-Sep-0822:52:29 118 17 1121 T -t 0.4257 2.1167 1.0377362.1213.1 31.8
43 6 2108-Sep-2005:47:10 136 23 1344 P -t 0.4884 2.0030 0.9213357.7205.1 -
44 7 2126-Oct-0112:49:48 158 31 1567 P -t 0.5447 1.9011 0.8169353.2196.7 -
45 8 2144-Oct-1120:02:14 181 39 1790 P -t 0.5930 1.8136 0.7268348.8188.4 -
46 9 2162-Oct-2303:23:58 208 47 2013 P -t 0.6341 1.7395 0.6504344.7180.3 -
47 10 2180-Nov-0210:55:47 237 56 2236 P -t 0.6669 1.6802 0.5891341.1173.2 -
48 11 2198-Nov-1318:34:27 268 66 2459 P -t 0.6945 1.6306 0.5377337.8166.7 -
49 12 2216-Nov-2502:22:56 302 76 2682 P -t 0.7144 1.5946 0.5005335.2161.6 -
50 13 2234-Dec-0610:17:26 339 86 2905 P -t 0.7301 1.5662 0.4715332.9157.3 -
51 14 2252-Dec-1618:18:40 378 98 3128 P -t 0.7406 1.5468 0.4521331.1154.3 -
52 15 2270-Dec-2802:22:42 420 109 3351 P -t 0.7494 1.5304 0.4364329.4151.7 -
53 16 2289-Jan-0710:30:56 464 121 3574 P -t 0.7553 1.5187 0.4263327.9150.0 -
54 17 2307-Jan-1918:39:13 511 134 3797 P -t 0.7617 1.5059 0.4156326.2148.1 -
55 18 2325-Jan-3002:46:49 561 147 4020 P -t 0.7693 1.4906 0.4033324.3145.9 -
56 19 2343-Feb-1010:51:39 613 161 4243 P -t 0.7796 1.4697 0.3860321.8142.8 -
57 20 2361-Feb-2018:53:07 667 174 4466 P -t 0.7931 1.4427 0.3633318.8138.7 -
58 21 2379-Mar-0402:48:34 725 189 4689 P -t 0.8121 1.4056 0.3310314.9132.8 -
59 22 2397-Mar-1410:38:04 785 204 4912 P -t 0.8364 1.3584 0.2891310.1124.6 -
60 23 2415-Mar-2518:20:35 847 219 5135 P -t 0.8668 1.2996 0.2360304.1113.2 -
61 24 2433-Apr-0501:56:43 912 235 5358 P -t 0.9031 1.2300 0.1723296.9 97.3 -
62 25 2451-Apr-1609:23:54 979 251 5581 P -t 0.9472 1.1461 0.0945288.0 72.7 -
63 26 2469-Apr-2616:45:32 1050 267 5804 P -t 0.9961 1.0533 0.0077277.7 20.9 -
64 27 2487-May-0723:59:40 1122 284 6027 N -t 1.0517 0.9483-0.0913265.2 - -
65 28 2505-May-1907:09:44 1198 302 6250 N -t 1.1113 0.8359-0.1979250.8 - -
66 29 2523-May-3014:13:12 1275 319 6473 N -t 1.1768 0.7131-0.3152233.4 - -
67 30 2541-Jun-0921:15:07 1356 337 6696 N -t 1.2441 0.5869-0.4362213.5 - -
68 31 2559-Jun-2104:13:09 1439 356 6919 N -t 1.3147 0.4549-0.5634189.5 - -
69 32 2577-Jul-0111:11:06 1524 375 7142 N -t 1.3861 0.3218-0.6922160.7 - -
70 33 2595-Jul-1218:08:11 1613 394 7365 N -t 1.4587 0.1867-0.8235123.4 - -
71 34 2613-Jul-2401:08:14 1703 414 7588 Ne -t 1.5293 0.0554-0.9514 67.7 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 129

Lunar eclipses of Saros 129 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 1351 Jun 10. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 2613 Jul 24. The total duration of Saros series 129 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 129
First Eclipse 1351 Jun 10
Last Eclipse 2613 Jul 24
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 10N 21P 11T 21P 8N

Saros 129 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 129
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 18 25.4%
PartialP 42 59.2%
TotalT 11 15.5%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 129 occur in the order of 10N 21P 11T 21P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 129
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 10
Partial P 21
Total T 11
Partial P 21
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 129 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 129
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 2000 Jul 1601h46m25s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 2090 Sep 0800h31m51s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1892 May 1103h26m18s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2469 Apr 2600h20m55s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1513 Sep 1504h26m51s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1351 Jun 1000h24m44s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1892 May 11 - 0.95551
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2469 Apr 26 - 0.00768

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.