Saros 119

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 119 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-48 0935-Oct-1419:25:54 1944 63 -13163 N a- -1.5284 0.0450-0.9379 57.9 - -
2-47 0953-Oct-2503:56:14 1830 60 -12940 N a- -1.5087 0.0813-0.9019 77.4 - -
3-46 0971-Nov-0512:34:25 1721 58 -12717 N a- -1.4946 0.1072-0.8761 88.5 - -
4-45 0989-Nov-1521:17:13 1616 55 -12494 N a- -1.4844 0.1258-0.8572 95.6 - -
5-44 1007-Nov-2706:04:26 1516 53 -12271 N a- -1.4773 0.1385-0.8439 99.9 - -
6-43 1025-Dec-0714:53:51 1421 50 -12048 N a- -1.4720 0.1476-0.8336102.9 - -
7-42 1043-Dec-1823:45:16 1330 48 -11825 N a- -1.4680 0.1543-0.8254105.0 - -
8-41 1061-Dec-2908:34:32 1244 46 -11602 N a- -1.4622 0.1637-0.8139107.8 - -
9-40 1080-Jan-0917:22:44 1163 44 -11379 N a- -1.4556 0.1747-0.8005111.1 - -
10-39 1098-Jan-2002:06:05 1085 42 -11156 N a- -1.4450 0.1928-0.7796116.3 - -
11-38 1116-Jan-3110:45:53 1013 40 -10933 N a- -1.4316 0.2158-0.7535122.6 - -
12-37 1134-Feb-1019:17:53 944 38 -10710 N a- -1.4117 0.2506-0.7154131.5 - -
13-36 1152-Feb-2203:44:53 880 36 -10487 N a- -1.3878 0.2926-0.6698141.3 - -
14-35 1170-Mar-0412:03:23 819 34 -10264 N a- -1.3569 0.3476-0.6115153.0 - -
15-34 1188-Mar-1420:15:01 762 32 -10041 N a- -1.3206 0.4126-0.5430165.5 - -
16-33 1206-Mar-2604:18:02 709 30 -9818 N a- -1.2771 0.4907-0.4617179.0 - -
17-32 1224-Apr-0512:14:55 660 28 -9595 N a- -1.2287 0.5781-0.3714192.4 - -
18-31 1242-Apr-1620:04:25 614 27 -9372 N a- -1.1740 0.6770-0.2699206.1 - -
19-30 1260-Apr-2703:47:25 570 25 -9149 N a- -1.1142 0.7857-0.1591219.5 - -
20-29 1278-May-0811:25:10 530 23 -8926 N a- -1.0502 0.9024-0.0409232.4 - -
21-28 1296-May-1818:58:26 492 22 -8703 P a- -0.9827 1.0258 0.0835244.6 62.3 -
22-27 1314-May-3002:28:14 457 20 -8480 P a- -0.9123 1.1547 0.2128256.0 97.7 -
23-26 1332-Jun-0909:55:08 424 20 -8257 P a- -0.8397 1.2881 0.3459266.6122.3 -
24-25 1350-Jun-2017:21:44 393 20 -8034 P a- -0.7670 1.4219 0.4787276.1141.3 -
25-24 1368-Jul-0100:48:21 364 20 -7811 P a- -0.6949 1.5551 0.6104284.6156.4 -
26-23 1386-Jul-1208:15:55 336 20 -7588 P a- -0.6237 1.6868 0.7398292.2168.9 -
27-22 1404-Jul-2215:46:34 310 20 -7365 P a- -0.5554 1.8136 0.8638298.7178.9 -
28-21 1422-Aug-0223:20:40 286 20 -7142 P a- -0.4903 1.9348 0.9816304.4187.1 -
29-20 1440-Aug-1307:00:01 263 20 -6919 T a- -0.4300 2.0474 1.0903309.2193.6 44.0
30-19 1458-Aug-2414:43:47 241 20 -6696 T p- -0.3738 2.1527 1.1913313.3198.7 62.2
31-18 1476-Sep-0322:34:57 220 20 -6473 T p- -0.3243 2.2457 1.2797316.8202.7 73.1
32-17 1494-Sep-1506:32:23 201 20 -6250 T p- -0.2805 2.3286 1.3576319.7205.8 80.5
33-16 1512-Sep-2514:37:18 182 20 -6027 T- p- -0.2435 2.3992 1.4231322.2208.1 85.6
34-15 1530-Oct-0622:49:12 166 20 -5804 T- p- -0.2127 2.4583 1.4771324.4209.9 89.0
35-14 1548-Oct-1707:08:28 150 20 -5581 T- p- -0.1886 2.5050 1.5188326.2211.2 91.4
36-13 1566-Oct-2815:34:04 137 20 -5358 T- p- -0.1704 2.5408 1.5497327.9212.3 92.9
37-12 1584-Nov-1800:04:26 126 20 -5135 T- p- -0.1567 2.5682 1.5726329.5213.1 94.0
38-11 1602-Nov-2908:40:25 115 20 -4912 T- p- -0.1482 2.5859 1.5861330.9213.7 94.6
39-10 1620-Dec-0917:19:12 92 17 -4689 T- p- -0.1423 2.5987 1.5951332.2214.3 95.1
40 -9 1638-Dec-2102:00:38 65 14 -4466 T- pp -0.1394 2.6057 1.5988333.4214.9 95.4
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 -8 1656-Dec-3110:41:02 39 11 -4243 T- pp -0.1360 2.6133 1.6037334.6215.4 95.7
42 -7 1675-Jan-1119:21:43 18 9 -4020 T- pp -0.1334 2.6192 1.6073335.8216.0 96.0
43 -6 1693-Jan-2203:58:34 8 6 -3797 T- pp -0.1279 2.6302 1.6166337.0216.7 96.6
44 -5 1711-Feb-0312:31:29 9 5 -3574 T- pp -0.1197 2.6457 1.6309338.2217.5 97.3
45 -4 1729-Feb-1320:57:43 10 4 -3351 T- pp -0.1065 2.6705 1.6548339.5218.4 98.2
46 -3 1747-Feb-2505:17:42 12 3 -3128 T- pp -0.0887 2.7033 1.6871340.8219.4 99.3
47 -2 1765-Mar-0713:28:56 15 2 -2905 T- pp -0.0643 2.7483 1.7317342.1220.5100.5
48 -1 1783-Mar-1821:31:30 17 2 -2682 T- pp -0.0333 2.8053 1.7886343.4221.5101.5
49 0 1801-Mar-3005:24:05 13 1 -2459 T+ pp 0.0052 2.8569 1.8400344.6222.3102.1
50 1 1819-Apr-1013:07:52 12 1 -2236 T+ pp 0.0502 2.7745 1.7574345.5222.7101.8
51 2 1837-Apr-2020:40:45 5 1 -2013 T+ pp 0.1033 2.6772 1.6598346.1222.6100.2
52 3 1855-May-0204:05:23 7 1 -1790 T+ -p 0.1625 2.5690 1.5509346.2221.5 96.5
53 4 1873-May-1211:20:26 -2 0 -1567 T+ -p 0.2284 2.4485 1.4295345.6219.3 89.9
54 5 1891-May-2318:29:11 -6 0 -1344 T -a 0.2988 2.3199 1.2996344.2215.7 79.1
55 6 1909-Jun-0401:28:51 10 0 -1121 T -h 0.3755 2.1800 1.1580341.7210.3 60.4
56 7 1927-Jun-1508:24:41 24 0 -898 T -t 0.4543 2.0366 1.0123338.2202.8 17.7
57 8 1945-Jun-2515:14:22 27 0 -675 P -t 0.5370 1.8862 0.8593333.4192.7 -
58 9 1963-Jul-0622:02:59 35 0 -452 P -t 0.6197 1.7360 0.7060327.3179.9 -
59 10 1981-Jul-1704:47:40 52 0 -229 P -t 0.7045 1.5822 0.5486319.7163.2 -
60 11 1999-Jul-2811:34:46 64 0 -6 P -t 0.7863 1.4342 0.3966311.0142.6 -
61 12 2017-Aug-0718:21:38 69 0 217 P -t 0.8669 1.2886 0.2465301.0115.3 -
62 13 2035-Aug-1901:12:15 77 2 440 P -t 0.9434 1.1507 0.1037289.9 76.5 -
63 14 2053-Aug-2908:05:50 87 6 663 Nx -t 1.0165 1.0192-0.0330277.8 - -
64 15 2071-Sep-0915:05:40 101 11 886 N -t 1.0835 0.8989-0.1586265.2 - -
65 16 2089-Sep-1922:11:16 117 17 1109 N -t 1.1448 0.7893-0.2737252.3 - -
66 17 2107-Oct-0205:23:18 135 23 1332 N -t 1.1998 0.6911-0.3774239.2 - -
67 18 2125-Oct-1212:43:05 156 30 1555 N -t 1.2476 0.6062-0.4679226.7 - -
68 19 2143-Oct-2320:10:37 180 38 1778 N -t 1.2886 0.5337-0.5457214.9 - -
69 20 2161-Nov-0303:45:48 206 46 2001 N -t 1.3227 0.4736-0.6107204.2 - -
70 21 2179-Nov-1411:28:05 235 55 2224 N -t 1.3505 0.4249-0.6641194.8 - -
71 22 2197-Nov-2419:17:16 266 65 2447 N -t 1.3723 0.3870-0.7061187.1 - -
72 23 2215-Dec-0703:12:05 300 75 2670 N -t 1.3892 0.3578-0.7388180.8 - -
73 24 2233-Dec-1711:10:38 337 86 2893 N -t 1.4028 0.3343-0.7652175.4 - -
74 25 2251-Dec-2819:12:50 376 97 3116 N -t 1.4132 0.3162-0.7854171.2 - -
75 26 2270-Jan-0803:16:21 418 109 3339 N -t 1.4225 0.2999-0.8031167.2 - -
76 27 2288-Jan-1911:19:31 462 121 3562 N -t 1.4317 0.2832-0.8203162.8 - -
77 28 2306-Jan-3019:20:02 509 133 3785 N -t 1.4428 0.2628-0.8405157.3 - -
78 29 2324-Feb-1103:17:28 558 146 4008 N -t 1.4561 0.2378-0.8645150.0 - -
79 30 2342-Feb-2111:09:46 610 160 4231 N -t 1.4736 0.2050-0.8957139.7 - -
80 31 2360-Mar-0318:54:40 664 174 4454 N -t 1.4964 0.1620-0.9365124.6 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 32 2378-Mar-1502:32:25 722 188 4677 N -t 1.5246 0.1089-0.9869102.6 - -
82 33 2396-Mar-2510:01:26 781 203 4900 Ne -t 1.5593 0.0436-1.0490 65.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119

Lunar eclipses of Saros 119 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0935 Oct 14. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 2396 Mar 25. The total duration of Saros series 119 is 1460.44 years.

Summary of Saros 119
First Eclipse 0935 Oct 14
Last Eclipse 2396 Mar 25
Series Duration 1460.44 Years
No. of Eclipses 82
Sequence 20N 8P 28T 6P 20N

Saros 119 is composed of 82 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 82100.0%
PenumbralN 40 48.8%
PartialP 14 17.1%
TotalT 28 34.1%

The 82 lunar eclipses of Saros 119 occur in the order of 20N 8P 28T 6P 20N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 119
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 20
Partial P 8
Total T 28
Partial P 6
Penumbral N 20

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 119 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 119
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1801 Mar 3001h42m06s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1927 Jun 1500h17m43s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1945 Jun 2503h12m44s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1296 May 1801h02m17s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2053 Aug 2904h37m50s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0935 Oct 1400h57m54s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1422 Aug 02 - 0.98159
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1296 May 18 - 0.08349

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.