Saros 114

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 114

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 114

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 114 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 114
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 0971-May-1304:03:30 1724 58 -12723 Nb t- 1.5320 0.0619-0.9675 73.4 - -
2-33 0989-May-2310:53:17 1619 55 -12500 N t- 1.4609 0.1934-0.8380128.7 - -
3-32 1007-Jun-0317:38:16 1519 53 -12277 N t- 1.3863 0.3313-0.7025167.0 - -
4-31 1025-Jun-1400:19:50 1424 51 -12054 N t- 1.3096 0.4736-0.5632197.8 - -
5-30 1043-Jun-2506:59:52 1333 48 -11831 N t- 1.2319 0.6180-0.4223223.6 - -
6-29 1061-Jul-0513:39:50 1246 46 -11608 N t- 1.1543 0.7623-0.2818245.8 - -
7-28 1079-Jul-1620:20:28 1165 44 -11385 N t- 1.0776 0.9052-0.1433265.0 - -
8-27 1097-Jul-2703:04:17 1087 42 -11162 Nx t- 1.0038 1.0429-0.0102281.4 - -
9-26 1115-Aug-0709:52:23 1014 40 -10939 P t- 0.9339 1.1738 0.1157295.5 81.4 -
10-25 1133-Aug-1716:46:40 946 38 -10716 P t- 0.8690 1.2954 0.2322307.4113.7 -
11-24 1151-Aug-2823:46:19 881 36 -10493 P t- 0.8087 1.4087 0.3402317.6135.7 -
12-23 1169-Sep-0806:54:24 821 34 -10270 P t- 0.7555 1.5089 0.4351326.0151.5 -
13-22 1187-Sep-1914:09:37 764 32 -10047 P t- 0.7085 1.5979 0.5188333.0163.5 -
14-21 1205-Sep-2921:33:46 711 30 -9824 P t- 0.6689 1.6732 0.5890338.7172.6 -
15-20 1223-Oct-1105:05:07 661 28 -9601 P t- 0.6354 1.7371 0.6481343.4179.5 -
16-19 1241-Oct-2112:45:06 615 27 -9378 P t- 0.6090 1.7876 0.6943347.0184.6 -
17-18 1259-Nov-0120:31:49 572 25 -9155 P t- 0.5884 1.8274 0.7302349.9188.3 -
18-17 1277-Nov-1204:24:04 531 24 -8932 P t- 0.5728 1.8576 0.7573352.1191.0 -
19-16 1295-Nov-2312:21:44 493 22 -8709 P t- 0.5617 1.8793 0.7764353.8192.9 -
20-15 1313-Dec-0320:22:17 458 20 -8486 P t- 0.5535 1.8952 0.7905355.0194.3 -
21-14 1331-Dec-1504:24:47 425 20 -8263 P t- 0.5468 1.9080 0.8024355.9195.5 -
22-13 1349-Dec-2512:25:45 394 20 -8040 P t- 0.5390 1.9223 0.8166356.7196.8 -
23-12 1368-Jan-0520:26:13 365 20 -7817 P t- 0.5310 1.9367 0.8316357.4198.1 -
24-11 1386-Jan-1604:22:26 337 20 -7594 P t- 0.5199 1.9563 0.8525358.3199.9 -
25-10 1404-Jan-2712:13:41 311 20 -7371 P t- 0.5045 1.9835 0.8819359.3202.2 -
26 -9 1422-Feb-0619:57:59 287 20 -7148 P t- 0.4835 2.0207 0.9218360.5205.2 -
27 -8 1440-Feb-1803:35:30 263 20 -6925 P t- 0.4566 2.0684 0.9727362.0208.8 -
28 -7 1458-Feb-2811:04:51 241 20 -6702 T t- 0.4229 2.1284 1.0364363.7212.8 31.3
29 -6 1476-Mar-1018:25:11 221 20 -6479 T t- 0.3818 2.2019 1.1139365.6217.2 53.9
30 -5 1494-Mar-2201:37:15 201 20 -6256 T t- 0.3335 2.2884 1.2046367.5221.7 70.1
31 -4 1512-Apr-0108:40:56 183 20 -6033 T pp 0.2779 2.3882 1.3087369.2225.9 82.9
32 -3 1530-Apr-1215:36:21 166 20 -5810 T+ pp 0.2151 2.5012 1.4259370.6229.6 92.9
33 -2 1548-Apr-2222:24:49 151 20 -5587 T+ pp 0.1463 2.6254 1.5543371.5232.4100.3
34 -1 1566-May-0405:06:55 137 20 -5364 T+ pp 0.0717 2.7602 1.6931371.7234.2104.7
35 0 1584-May-2411:45:09 126 20 -5141 T- pp -0.0065 2.8780 1.8146371.0234.5106.1
36 1 1602-Jun-0418:18:11 116 20 -4918 T- pp -0.0895 2.7240 1.6640369.3233.2104.0
37 2 1620-Jun-1500:50:48 93 17 -4695 T- pp -0.1735 2.5684 1.5114366.6230.2 97.9
38 3 1638-Jun-2607:21:46 66 14 -4472 T- pp -0.2595 2.4091 1.3549362.7225.3 86.8
39 4 1656-Jul-0613:55:39 40 12 -4249 T -t -0.3437 2.2535 1.2015357.8218.6 69.0
40 5 1674-Jul-1720:30:09 19 9 -4026 T -t -0.4280 2.0980 1.0478351.7210.0 35.3
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 114
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 1692-Jul-2803:10:54 8 6 -3803 P -t -0.5080 1.9505 0.9017344.8199.6 -
42 7 1710-Aug-0909:55:48 9 5 -3580 P -t -0.5854 1.8080 0.7602337.2187.4 -
43 8 1728-Aug-1916:48:39 10 4 -3357 P -t -0.6570 1.6763 0.6292329.1173.9 -
44 9 1746-Aug-3023:48:16 12 3 -3134 P -t -0.7237 1.5537 0.5070320.6158.7 -
45 10 1764-Sep-1006:58:28 15 2 -2911 P -t -0.7824 1.4459 0.3993312.3142.8 -
46 11 1782-Sep-2114:17:33 17 2 -2688 P -t -0.8348 1.3498 0.3032304.2125.9 -
47 12 1800-Oct-0221:46:41 13 1 -2465 P -t -0.8798 1.2673 0.2206296.6108.4 -
48 13 1818-Oct-1405:25:27 12 1 -2242 P -t -0.9175 1.1981 0.1512289.8 90.4 -
49 14 1836-Oct-2413:14:43 5 1 -2019 P -t -0.9473 1.1436 0.0966283.9 72.6 -
50 15 1854-Nov-0421:12:49 7 1 -1796 P -h -0.9707 1.1005 0.0538279.0 54.3 -
51 16 1872-Nov-1505:19:37 -2 0 -1573 P -h -0.9876 1.0692 0.0230275.1 35.5 -
52 17 1890-Nov-2613:33:48 -6 0 -1350 P -h -0.9994 1.0471 0.0018272.0 9.9 -
53 18 1908-Dec-0721:55:10 9 0 -1127 Nx -h -1.0060 1.0344-0.0096269.8 - -
54 19 1926-Dec-1906:20:08 24 0 -904 Nx -a -1.0102 1.0257-0.0163268.0 - -
55 20 1944-Dec-2914:49:35 27 0 -681 Nx -a -1.0115 1.0220-0.0176266.7 - -
56 21 1963-Jan-0923:19:42 35 0 -458 Nx -a -1.0128 1.0180-0.0184265.4 - -
57 22 1981-Jan-2007:50:48 51 0 -235 Nx -a -1.0142 1.0136-0.0192263.9 - -
58 23 1999-Jan-3116:18:34 63 0 -12 Nx -a -1.0190 1.0027-0.0258261.8 - -
59 24 2017-Feb-1100:45:03 68 0 211 N -a -1.0255 0.9884-0.0354259.2 - -
60 25 2035-Feb-2209:06:11 76 2 434 N -a -1.0367 0.9652-0.0535255.8 - -
61 26 2053-Mar-0417:22:09 87 6 657 N -a -1.0531 0.9323-0.0807251.2 - -
62 27 2071-Mar-1601:31:09 100 11 880 N -a -1.0757 0.8879-0.1194245.2 - -
63 28 2089-Mar-2609:34:13 116 16 1103 N -a -1.1039 0.8332-0.1681237.9 - -
64 29 2107-Apr-0717:30:10 135 23 1326 N -a -1.1383 0.7671-0.2283228.8 - -
65 30 2125-Apr-1801:18:47 156 30 1549 N -a -1.1792 0.6890-0.3004217.6 - -
66 31 2143-Apr-2909:01:21 179 38 1772 N -a -1.2257 0.6009-0.3829204.2 - -
67 32 2161-May-0916:38:02 205 46 1995 N -a -1.2777 0.5027-0.4757187.8 - -
68 33 2179-May-2100:09:09 234 55 2218 N -a -1.3347 0.3956-0.5778167.6 - -
69 34 2197-May-3107:36:03 265 65 2441 N -a -1.3955 0.2817-0.6872142.4 - -
70 35 2215-Jun-1214:59:57 299 75 2664 N -a -1.4595 0.1623-0.8024108.9 - -
71 36 2233-Jun-2222:22:33 336 86 2887 Ne -a -1.5250 0.0404-0.9209 54.8 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 114

Lunar eclipses of Saros 114 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0971 May 13. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 2233 Jun 22. The total duration of Saros series 114 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 114
First Eclipse 0971 May 13
Last Eclipse 2233 Jun 22
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 8N 19P 13T 12P 19N

Saros 114 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 114
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 27 38.0%
PartialP 31 43.7%
TotalT 13 18.3%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 114 occur in the order of 8N 19P 13T 12P 19N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 114
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 19
Total T 13
Partial P 12
Penumbral N 19

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 114 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 114
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1584 May 2401h46m06s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1458 Feb 2800h31m15s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1440 Feb 1803h28m47s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1890 Nov 2600h09m54s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1097 Jul 2704h41m25s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2233 Jun 2200h54m46s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1440 Feb 18 - 0.97275
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1890 Nov 26 - 0.00178

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.