Saros 111

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 111

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 111

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 111 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 111
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 0830-Jun-1006:33:46 2693 78 -14466 Nb t- -1.5400 0.0456-0.9807 63.0 - -
2-33 0848-Jun-2013:19:50 2555 76 -14243 N t- -1.4661 0.1830-0.8469125.2 - -
3-32 0866-Jul-0120:03:49 2421 73 -14020 N t- -1.3913 0.3223-0.7117164.7 - -
4-31 0884-Jul-1202:49:49 2291 70 -13797 N t- -1.3184 0.4583-0.5802194.8 - -
5-30 0902-Jul-2309:37:03 2165 67 -13574 N t- -1.2468 0.5923-0.4511219.5 - -
6-29 0920-Aug-0216:29:20 2043 65 -13351 N t- -1.1795 0.7183-0.3303239.7 - -
7-28 0938-Aug-1323:26:15 1926 62 -13128 N t- -1.1164 0.8369-0.2173256.8 - -
8-27 0956-Aug-2406:28:53 1813 60 -12905 N t- -1.0584 0.9463-0.1136271.0 - -
9-26 0974-Sep-0413:38:45 1704 57 -12682 Nx t- -1.0067 1.0440-0.0216282.9 - -
10-25 0992-Sep-1420:56:17 1600 55 -12459 P t- -0.9616 1.1296 0.0583292.7 58.3 -
11-24 1010-Sep-2604:21:42 1501 52 -12236 P t- -0.9231 1.2029 0.1261300.7 85.2 -
12-23 1028-Oct-0611:54:36 1407 50 -12013 P t- -0.8913 1.2641 0.1820307.2101.7 -
13-22 1046-Oct-1719:35:22 1317 48 -11790 P t- -0.8661 1.3127 0.2257312.3112.7 -
14-21 1064-Oct-2803:23:04 1231 46 -11567 P t- -0.8470 1.3501 0.2586316.3120.3 -
15-20 1082-Nov-0811:16:00 1150 43 -11344 P t- -0.8324 1.3787 0.2834319.4125.6 -
16-19 1100-Nov-1819:14:24 1074 41 -11121 P t- -0.8224 1.3987 0.3002321.7129.2 -
17-18 1118-Nov-3003:16:14 1002 39 -10898 P t- -0.8152 1.4132 0.3123323.4131.6 -
18-17 1136-Dec-1011:19:54 934 37 -10675 P t- -0.8097 1.4240 0.3215324.7133.5 -
19-16 1154-Dec-2119:22:47 870 35 -10452 P t- -0.8037 1.4355 0.3321326.0135.6 -
20-15 1173-Jan-0103:24:39 810 33 -10229 P t- -0.7968 1.4481 0.3448327.2138.0 -
21-14 1191-Jan-1211:23:14 754 32 -10006 P t- -0.7870 1.4658 0.3630328.7141.3 -
22-13 1209-Jan-2219:16:00 702 30 -9783 P t- -0.7726 1.4915 0.3903330.6146.0 -
23-12 1227-Feb-0303:02:45 652 28 -9560 P t- -0.7532 1.5260 0.4268333.0151.9 -
24-11 1245-Feb-1310:41:31 607 26 -9337 P t- -0.7273 1.5722 0.4756336.1159.2 -
25-10 1263-Feb-2418:12:38 564 25 -9114 P t- -0.6951 1.6298 0.5363339.6167.4 -
26 -9 1281-Mar-0701:33:34 524 23 -8891 P t- -0.6543 1.7028 0.6127343.7176.7 -
27 -8 1299-Mar-1808:46:32 487 22 -8668 P t- -0.6069 1.7880 0.7015348.1186.2 -
28 -7 1317-Mar-2815:49:52 452 20 -8445 P t- -0.5517 1.8875 0.8047352.7195.8 -
29 -6 1335-Apr-0822:44:59 419 20 -8222 P t- -0.4894 1.9999 0.9209357.2205.1 -
30 -5 1353-Apr-1905:31:57 388 20 -7999 T t- -0.4202 2.1251 1.0497361.5213.6 36.4
31 -4 1371-Apr-3012:13:01 359 20 -7776 T t- -0.3458 2.2597 1.1879365.1220.9 67.6
32 -3 1389-May-1018:48:41 332 20 -7553 T- pp -0.2665 2.4036 1.3350368.0226.8 85.6
33 -2 1407-May-2201:19:27 307 20 -7330 T- pp -0.1827 2.5558 1.4901370.1231.2 97.2
34 -1 1425-Jun-0107:48:16 282 20 -7107 T- pp -0.0970 2.7118 1.6487371.0233.8103.8
35 0 1443-Jun-1214:15:50 259 20 -6884 T- pp -0.0099 2.8705 1.8097370.8234.6106.2
36 1 1461-Jun-2220:44:41 237 20 -6661 T+ pp 0.0770 2.7464 1.6875369.5233.6104.6
37 2 1479-Jul-0403:14:44 217 20 -6438 T+ pp 0.1634 2.5872 1.5297367.0230.7 98.9
38 3 1497-Jul-1409:49:53 198 20 -6215 T+ pp 0.2462 2.4347 1.3783363.6226.1 88.8
39 4 1515-Jul-2516:29:55 180 20 -5992 T pp 0.3252 2.2894 1.2336359.3220.1 73.5
40 5 1533-Aug-0423:15:58 163 20 -5769 T -t 0.3999 2.1521 1.0967354.3212.8 49.4
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 111
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 1551-Aug-1606:09:50 148 20 -5546 P -t 0.4689 2.0256 0.9703348.8204.6 -
42 7 1569-Aug-2613:12:19 135 20 -5323 P -t 0.5313 1.9111 0.8557343.0195.7 -
43 8 1587-Sep-1620:25:04 124 20 -5100 P -t 0.5857 1.8114 0.7555337.4186.6 -
44 9 1605-Sep-2703:46:01 112 19 -4877 P -t 0.6341 1.7229 0.6667331.9177.5 -
45 10 1623-Oct-0811:18:41 88 16 -4654 P -t 0.6735 1.6509 0.5942326.9169.1 -
46 11 1641-Oct-1819:00:24 61 14 -4431 P -t 0.7062 1.5909 0.5340322.3161.4 -
47 12 1659-Oct-3002:52:51 35 11 -4208 P -t 0.7310 1.5455 0.4885318.5155.1 -
48 13 1677-Nov-0910:52:39 16 8 -3985 P -t 0.7504 1.5097 0.4530315.3149.8 -
49 14 1695-Nov-2019:02:05 8 6 -3762 P -t 0.7629 1.4864 0.4303312.7146.1 -
50 15 1713-Dec-0203:17:08 9 4 -3539 P -h 0.7716 1.4699 0.4150310.6143.4 -
51 16 1731-Dec-1311:38:05 11 4 -3316 P -h 0.7765 1.4601 0.4069308.9141.8 -
52 17 1749-Dec-2320:02:10 13 3 -3093 P -h 0.7796 1.4532 0.4024307.4140.7 -
53 18 1768-Jan-0404:29:31 15 2 -2870 P -h 0.7811 1.4491 0.4011306.0140.1 -
54 19 1786-Jan-1412:55:56 17 2 -2647 P -h 0.7838 1.4421 0.3978304.3139.2 -
55 20 1804-Jan-2621:21:21 12 1 -2424 P -h 0.7882 1.4320 0.3918302.4137.9 -
56 21 1822-Feb-0605:43:26 11 1 -2201 P -a 0.7961 1.4151 0.3797300.0135.6 -
57 22 1840-Feb-1714:02:35 5 1 -1978 P -a 0.8074 1.3918 0.3616297.1132.3 -
58 23 1858-Feb-2722:14:20 7 0 -1755 P -a 0.8253 1.3561 0.3316293.1126.9 -
59 24 1876-Mar-1006:21:31 -4 0 -1532 P -a 0.8475 1.3124 0.2938288.5119.7 -
60 25 1894-Mar-2114:20:28 -6 0 -1309 P -h 0.8771 1.2550 0.2425282.7109.3 -
61 26 1912-Apr-0122:14:16 13 0 -1086 P -h 0.9116 1.1885 0.1821275.9 95.2 -
62 27 1930-Apr-1305:58:54 24 0 -863 P -h 0.9545 1.1067 0.1065267.4 73.4 -
63 28 1948-Apr-2313:39:19 28 0 -640 P -a 1.0016 1.0172 0.0230257.7 34.4 -
64 29 1966-May-0421:12:07 37 0 -417 N -a 1.0554 0.9158-0.0727246.0 - -
65 30 1984-May-1504:41:03 54 0 -194 N -a 1.1131 0.8071-0.1759232.6 - -
66 31 2002-May-2612:04:27 64 0 29 N -a 1.1759 0.6893-0.2888216.6 - -
67 32 2020-Jun-0519:26:14 70 0 252 N -a 1.2406 0.5683-0.4053198.3 - -
68 33 2038-Jun-1702:45:02 78 3 475 N -a 1.3083 0.4422-0.5274176.4 - -
69 34 2056-Jun-2710:03:09 89 7 698 N -a 1.3770 0.3143-0.6519150.0 - -
70 35 2074-Jul-0817:21:37 103 12 921 N -a 1.4457 0.1870-0.7765116.7 - -
71 36 2092-Jul-1900:41:57 119 18 1144 Ne -a 1.5132 0.0621-0.8992 67.8 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 111

Lunar eclipses of Saros 111 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0830 Jun 10. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 2092 Jul 19. The total duration of Saros series 111 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 111
First Eclipse 0830 Jun 10
Last Eclipse 2092 Jul 19
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 9N 20P 11T 23P 8N

Saros 111 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 111
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 17 23.9%
PartialP 43 60.6%
TotalT 11 15.5%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 111 occur in the order of 9N 20P 11T 23P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 111
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 9
Partial P 20
Total T 11
Partial P 23
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 111 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 111
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1443 Jun 1201h46m14s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1353 Apr 1900h36m25s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1335 Apr 0803h25m04s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1948 Apr 2300h34m24s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0974 Sep 0404h42m53s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0830 Jun 1001h03m01s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1551 Aug 16 - 0.97026
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1948 Apr 23 - 0.02300

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.