Six Millennium Catalog of Lunar Eclipses

-0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The Six Millennium Catalog of Lunar Eclipses is organized into a series of sixty 100-year web pages, each one covering a century of lunar eclipses. The 100-year table below covers the period -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE) [1]. The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse [2]. Each eclipse date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

For an explanation of how eclipses are classified, see Lunar Eclipse Basics. The frequency of each eclipse type, the extremes in eclipse magnitude and duration, and other data for the century are presented in the Eclipse Statistics tables following the Catalog of Lunar Eclipses. To select a different century, visit the Index to Six Millennium Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0499 May 05 01:29:25 17084 430 -30905 52T p- 0.3971 2.1203 1.1384323.6201.9 55.214S 47E
-0499 Oct 28 07:21:16 17075 430 -30899 57P a- -0.5070 1.9407 0.9147325.0190.6 - 11N 42W
-0498 Apr 24 10:40:14 17067 430 -30893 62N t- 1.2119 0.6536-0.3845228.1 - - 10S 89W
-0498 Sep 18 10:15:58 17059 430 -30888 29N -a 1.4812 0.1206-0.8404 92.0 - - 3S 84W
-0498 Oct 17 20:10:12 17058 430 -30887 67N a- -1.1556 0.7262-0.2512215.8 - - 6N126E
-0497 Mar 14 21:01:49 17051 429 -30882 34P -t -0.8906 1.2639 0.1845309.9103.3 - 4N118E
-0497 Sep 08 02:12:12 17042 429 -30876 39P -a 0.8255 1.3310 0.3553275.9125.6 - 8S 38E
-0496 Mar 02 23:34:38 17033 429 -30870 44T-pp -0.1339 2.6345 1.5903356.3225.9 99.2 9N 81E
-0496 Aug 27 14:14:56 17025 429 -30864 49T+pp 0.1182 2.6531 1.6293346.9222.2 99.112S142W
-0495 Feb 20 09:05:59 17016 429 -30858 54P a- 0.5981 1.7563 0.7647307.5175.6 - 14N 61W
-0495 Aug 16 19:16:36 17007 428 -30852 59P t- -0.6407 1.7180 0.6475338.6178.4 - 16S143E
-0494 Jan 11 14:29:30 17000 428 -30847 26N -a -1.3612 0.3445-0.6239152.7 - - 21N144W
-0494 Feb 10 00:05:11 16999 428 -30846 64N a- 1.2633 0.5205-0.4407184.3 - - 18N 74E
-0494 Jul 07 04:25:04 16991 428 -30841 31N -t 1.4833 0.1647-0.8914122.4 - - 22S 4E
-0494 Aug 05 19:30:34 16990 428 -30840 69N t- -1.3735 0.3771-0.7006185.1 - - 20S139E
-0493 Jan 01 05:00:35 16983 428 -30835 36P -a -0.7267 1.5268 0.5226295.7150.9 - 23N 3W
-0493 Jun 26 10:43:26 16974 428 -30829 41P -t 0.6685 1.6330 0.6297310.7167.6 - 23S 91W
-0493 Dec 21 13:51:08 16966 428 -30823 46T-pp -0.0404 2.8157 1.7525359.6227.2102.524N137W
-0492 Jun 15 00:05:25 16957 427 -30817 51T-p- -0.1153 2.6234 1.6691322.1212.9 97.423S 68E
-0492 Dec 09 15:25:51 16948 427 -30811 56P t- 0.6612 1.6973 0.5931343.9173.9 - 23N162W
-0491 Jun 04 17:10:28 16940 427 -30805 61P a- -0.8482 1.2716 0.3312265.0119.8 - 23S171E
-0491 Nov 28 14:32:41 16931 427 -30799 66N t- 1.3185 0.4864-0.6081206.9 - - 22N150W
-0490 Apr 26 00:21:19 16924 427 -30794 33P -a 0.9639 1.0886 0.0901268.3 68.3 - 10S 65E
-0490 Oct 19 05:07:37 16915 427 -30788 38P -a -0.8983 1.2138 0.2058274.9 99.8 - 7N 9W
-0489 Apr 15 07:23:57 16907 426 -30782 43T+pp 0.2191 2.4828 1.4296362.2226.6 92.3 7S 40W

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0489 Oct 08 19:19:47 16898 426 -30776 48T--p -0.1885 2.4963 1.5277318.0207.5 90.4 4N138E
-0488 Apr 03 08:25:02 16890 426 -30770 53P t- -0.5388 1.9078 0.8317353.1198.2 - 3S 55W
-0488 Sep 27 11:18:06 16881 426 -30764 58P a- 0.4958 1.9346 0.9616306.1185.7 - 0S101W
-0487 Feb 21 20:39:22 16874 426 -30759 25N -t 1.5325 0.0617-0.9693 72.3 - - 14N126E
-0487 Mar 23 10:05:05 16873 426 -30758 63N t- -1.2580 0.5750-0.4749217.1 - - 0N 79W
-0487 Aug 18 11:37:09 16865 426 -30753 30N -h -1.5303 0.0689-0.9684 77.2 - - 17S103W
-0487 Sep 17 00:20:56 16864 426 -30752 68N h- 1.2414 0.5885-0.4280208.0 - - 4S 64E
-0486 Feb 11 07:59:16 16857 425 -30747 35P -a 0.7557 1.4617 0.4808286.2143.9 - 17N 45W
-0486 Aug 07 14:52:13 16848 425 -30741 40P -t -0.8440 1.3476 0.2717316.1123.6 - 19S152W
-0485 Jan 31 23:39:01 16840 425 -30735 45T+pp 0.0519 2.7436 1.7815318.7210.5 97.919N 80E
-0485 Jul 27 15:05:24 16831 425 -30729 50T-pp -0.1026 2.7042 1.6357370.9233.1103.121S156W
-0484 Jan 21 15:05:09 16823 425 -30723 55P a- -0.6456 1.6676 0.6791299.3166.0 - 21N153W
-0484 Jul 15 19:40:30 16814 424 -30717 60P h- 0.6521 1.6713 0.6519318.1171.9 - 22S135E
-0484 Dec 11 09:36:31 16807 424 -30712 27N -h 1.5213 0.1068-0.9728 98.7 - - 24N 75W
-0483 Jan 10 01:43:18 16806 424 -30711 65N h- -1.4007 0.3110-0.7349159.6 - - 22N 47E
-0483 Jun 06 00:17:08 16799 424 -30706 32N -a -1.1681 0.6873-0.2582208.7 - - 23S 64E
-0483 Jul 05 07:36:17 16797 424 -30705 70N a- 1.3556 0.3530-0.6121157.8 - - 22S 45W
-0483 Nov 30 09:42:04 16790 424 -30700 37P -t 0.8837 1.2908 0.1834315.4103.3 - 22N 77W
-0482 May 26 17:34:29 16782 424 -30694 42T -a -0.4367 2.0287 1.0841306.1192.4 42.520S164E
-0482 Nov 19 09:35:55 16773 424 -30688 47T+pp 0.1945 2.5424 1.4605365.0226.1 93.319N 77W
-0481 May 16 08:37:42 16765 423 -30682 52T p- 0.3227 2.2579 1.2736328.7208.6 74.517S 61W
-0481 Nov 08 15:52:43 16756 423 -30676 57P a- -0.5017 1.9497 0.9254324.2190.8 - 15N171W
-0480 May 04 17:23:42 16748 423 -30670 62N t- 1.1381 0.7898-0.2500248.2 - - 13S168E
-0480 Sep 28 18:43:17 16741 423 -30665 29N -a 1.5017 0.0842-0.8792 77.1 - - 1N147E
-0480 Oct 28 04:52:49 16740 423 -30664 67N a- -1.1463 0.7435-0.2341217.6 - - 10N 6W

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0479 Mar 25 03:52:13 16733 423 -30659 34P -t -0.9522 1.1488 0.0737298.5 66.3 - 0S 13E
-0479 Sep 18 10:24:45 16724 423 -30653 39P -a 0.8559 1.2779 0.2971272.9116.1 - 3S 88W
-0478 Mar 14 06:55:28 16716 422 -30647 44T-pp -0.1840 2.5394 1.5017353.3223.5 95.0 5N 31W
-0478 Sep 07 21:56:43 16707 422 -30641 49T+-p 0.1575 2.5843 1.5539348.0221.5 96.4 8S100E
-0477 Mar 03 17:00:17 16699 422 -30635 54P a- 0.5571 1.8285 0.8430309.6181.5 - 10N179E
-0477 Aug 28 02:25:10 16690 422 -30629 59P t- -0.5910 1.8120 0.7360344.9187.7 - 13S 34E
-0476 Jan 22 23:05:30 16683 422 -30624 26N -a -1.3771 0.3144-0.6522146.4 - - 20N 87E
-0476 Feb 21 08:19:32 16682 422 -30623 64N a- 1.2312 0.5776-0.3800192.8 - - 14N 51W
-0476 Jul 17 11:07:07 16675 422 -30618 31Ne-t 1.5527 0.0373-1.0187 58.8 - - 21S 97W
-0476 Aug 16 02:25:15 16674 421 -30617 69N t- -1.3138 0.4878-0.5923208.3 - - 17S 34E
-0475 Jan 11 13:32:29 16667 421 -30612 36P -a -0.7380 1.5064 0.5016295.3148.7 - 22N131W
-0475 Jul 06 17:48:38 16658 421 -30606 41P -t 0.7390 1.5028 0.5014301.6152.1 - 23S162E
-0475 Dec 31 22:05:41 16650 421 -30600 46T-pp -0.0474 2.8036 1.7391360.7227.7102.524N100E
-0474 Jun 26 07:28:15 16642 421 -30594 51T-pp -0.0419 2.7575 1.8044322.0213.6 99.824S 44W
-0474 Dec 20 23:26:49 16633 421 -30588 56P t- 0.6557 1.7072 0.6033344.7175.3 - 24N 78E
-0473 Jun 16 00:34:42 16625 420 -30582 61P a- -0.7744 1.4075 0.4659274.7139.4 - 24S 59E
-0473 Dec 09 22:41:18 16616 420 -30576 66N t- 1.3131 0.4951-0.5970208.1 - - 24N 88E
-0472 May 06 07:25:19 16609 420 -30571 33N -a 1.0416 0.9471-0.0536255.1 - - 14S 43W
-0472 Jun 04 16:29:39 16608 420 -30570 71Nba- -1.5487 0.0027-0.9702 14.4 - - 23S179E
-0472 Oct 29 13:41:17 16601 420 -30565 38P -a -0.9031 1.2044 0.1974273.3 97.5 - 11N139W
-0471 Apr 25 14:04:35 16593 420 -30559 43T -t 0.2977 2.3389 1.2852360.1222.2 79.711S143W
-0471 Oct 19 03:59:20 16585 420 -30553 48T--p -0.2006 2.4747 1.5048317.5206.8 89.1 8N 7E
-0470 Apr 14 15:00:50 16576 419 -30547 53P t- -0.4636 2.0443 0.9712358.6208.8 - 8S156W
-0470 Oct 08 19:47:00 16568 419 -30541 58P a- 0.4782 1.9691 0.9918308.2187.8 - 4N130E
-0469 Apr 03 17:04:57 16560 419 -30535 63N t- -1.1913 0.6944-0.3496234.8 - - 4S173E

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0469 Sep 28 08:24:55 16551 419 -30529 68N h- 1.2204 0.6303-0.3924215.4 - - 1N 59W
-0468 Feb 22 16:05:25 16544 419 -30524 35P -a 0.7880 1.3998 0.4243281.2136.1 - 13N168W
-0468 Aug 17 21:48:37 16536 419 -30518 40P -t -0.9035 1.2409 0.1604307.7 96.6 - 16S103E
-0467 Feb 11 08:01:40 16528 418 -30512 45T+-p 0.0790 2.6925 1.7331318.2210.3 97.216N 47W
-0467 Aug 06 21:56:52 16520 418 -30506 50T-pp -0.1682 2.5844 1.5148369.1230.6 97.919S100E
-0466 Jan 31 23:27:40 16511 418 -30500 55P a- -0.6269 1.7018 0.7135301.9169.6 - 18N 81E
-0466 Jul 27 02:50:15 16503 418 -30494 60P a- 0.5841 1.7956 0.7772323.4183.2 - 21S 27E
-0466 Dec 22 17:47:29 16496 418 -30489 27N -h 1.5293 0.0927-0.9881 92.3 - - 25N163E
-0465 Jan 21 09:51:54 16495 418 -30488 65N h- -1.3896 0.3317-0.7147165.1 - - 20N 76W
-0465 Jun 17 07:39:58 16488 418 -30483 32N -a -1.2388 0.5571-0.3877190.1 - - 25S 48W
-0465 Jul 16 15:02:57 16487 417 -30482 70N a- 1.2865 0.4795-0.4849181.2 - - 21S157W
-0465 Dec 11 17:43:24 16480 417 -30477 37P -t 0.8880 1.2826 0.1758314.6101.3 - 24N162E
-0464 Jun 06 00:56:35 16471 417 -30471 42P -a -0.5126 1.8904 0.9441301.6184.5 - 23S 53E
-0464 Nov 29 17:50:00 16463 417 -30465 47T+pp 0.1962 2.5382 1.4586363.8225.5 93.021N159E
-0463 May 26 15:42:27 16455 417 -30459 52T+pp 0.2461 2.4000 1.4127333.3214.1 87.220S169W
-0463 Nov 19 00:29:19 16447 417 -30453 57P a- -0.4995 1.9527 0.9305323.2190.6 - 18N 59E
-0462 May 16 00:01:28 16439 416 -30447 62N t- 1.0602 0.9337-0.1081266.9 - - 16S 66E
-0462 Oct 10 03:17:35 16432 416 -30442 29N -a 1.5169 0.0575-0.9084 63.9 - - 6N 16E
-0462 Nov 08 13:40:45 16430 416 -30441 67N a- -1.1411 0.7530-0.2246218.5 - - 14N139W
-0461 Apr 05 10:36:11 16424 416 -30436 34Nx-t -1.0191 1.0238-0.0470284.9 - - 4S 90W
-0461 Sep 29 18:44:08 16415 416 -30430 39P -a 0.8799 1.2365 0.2505270.7107.5 - 1N145E
-0460 Mar 24 14:09:34 16407 416 -30424 44T-pp -0.2405 2.4325 1.4012349.7220.3 88.4 0N142W
-0460 Sep 18 05:46:11 16399 416 -30418 49T+-p 0.1895 2.5290 1.4920349.0220.8 93.4 4S 19W
-0459 Mar 14 00:48:46 16391 415 -30412 54P a- 0.5106 1.9109 0.9311311.7187.3 - 5N 59E
-0459 Sep 07 09:41:10 16383 415 -30406 59P t- -0.5477 1.8940 0.8127350.1195.0 - 9S 77W

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0458 Feb 02 07:35:15 16376 415 -30401 26N -a -1.3980 0.2753-0.6897137.5 - - 17N 41W
-0458 Mar 03 16:27:48 16374 415 -30400 64N a- 1.1942 0.6438-0.3104202.0 - - 10N174W
-0458 Aug 27 09:29:20 16366 415 -30394 69N t- -1.2609 0.5858-0.4964226.0 - - 14S 73W
-0457 Jan 22 21:57:09 16360 415 -30389 36P -a -0.7548 1.4757 0.4706294.2145.1 - 20N103E
-0457 Jul 18 01:00:16 16351 415 -30383 41P -h 0.8049 1.3811 0.3811292.1134.6 - 22S 53E
-0456 Jan 12 06:12:50 16343 414 -30377 46T-pp -0.0597 2.7812 1.7162361.7228.2102.523N 22W
-0456 Jul 06 14:56:15 16335 414 -30371 51T+pp 0.0277 2.7833 1.8305321.4213.3 99.823S156W
-0456 Dec 31 07:21:29 16327 414 -30365 56P t- 0.6454 1.7256 0.6228345.9177.6 - 24N 41W
-0455 Jun 26 08:02:32 16319 414 -30359 61P a- -0.7039 1.5380 0.5944283.0154.5 - 24S 54W
-0455 Dec 20 06:47:50 16311 414 -30353 66N t- 1.3057 0.5071-0.5818209.8 - - 25N 34W
-0454 May 17 14:24:01 16304 414 -30348 33N -h 1.1226 0.8000-0.2034239.0 - - 17S150W
-0454 Jun 15 23:39:38 16303 414 -30347 71N h- -1.4801 0.1305-0.8462 99.6 - - 25S 71E
-0454 Nov 09 22:20:06 16296 413 -30342 38P -a -0.9045 1.2011 0.1955272.2 96.8 - 15N 90E
-0453 May 06 20:37:46 16288 413 -30336 43T -t 0.3814 2.1857 1.1310356.8215.6 57.114S117E
-0453 Oct 30 12:45:22 16280 413 -30330 48T--p -0.2078 2.4620 1.4910317.2206.3 88.312N126W
-0452 Apr 24 21:28:39 16272 413 -30324 53T t- -0.3813 2.1938 1.1235363.5217.9 56.111S105E
-0452 Oct 19 04:23:30 16264 413 -30318 58T p- 0.4671 1.9914 1.0101309.9189.2 15.1 9N 1W
-0451 Apr 13 23:59:12 16256 412 -30312 63N t- -1.1186 0.8248-0.2135251.5 - - 8S 68E
-0451 Oct 08 16:35:18 16247 412 -30306 68N h- 1.2051 0.6614-0.3673220.9 - - 5N176E
-0450 Mar 05 00:05:33 16241 412 -30301 35P -a 0.8259 1.3276 0.3573275.2125.9 - 9N 70E
-0450 Aug 29 04:52:41 16233 412 -30295 40P -t -0.9563 1.1462 0.0611299.5 60.6 - 13S 5W
-0449 Feb 22 16:17:06 16225 412 -30289 45T+-p 0.1121 2.6305 1.6738317.7209.8 96.012N172W
-0449 Aug 18 04:56:35 16217 412 -30283 50T-pp -0.2276 2.4760 1.4051366.8227.2 90.816S 6W
-0448 Feb 12 07:42:30 16208 411 -30277 55P a- -0.6024 1.7466 0.7586304.9174.0 - 15N 44W
-0448 Aug 06 10:08:46 16201 411 -30271 60P a- 0.5222 1.9087 0.8910327.4191.6 - 18S 84W

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0447 Jan 02 01:53:16 16194 411 -30266 27N -t 1.5410 0.0717-1.0099 81.5 - - 25N 41E
-0447 Jan 31 17:52:07 16192 411 -30265 65N t- -1.3723 0.3635-0.6832172.8 - - 18N163E
-0447 Jun 27 15:07:33 16186 411 -30260 32N -a -1.3061 0.4336-0.5110169.5 - - 25S160W
-0447 Jul 26 22:37:45 16185 411 -30259 70N a- 1.2231 0.5957-0.3686199.2 - - 20S 88E
-0447 Dec 22 01:42:21 16178 411 -30254 37P -t 0.8945 1.2699 0.1644313.4 98.1 - 24N 42E
-0446 Jun 17 08:19:39 16170 411 -30248 42P -a -0.5872 1.7545 0.8060296.4174.8 - 24S 59W
-0446 Dec 11 02:04:14 16162 410 -30242 47T+pp 0.1985 2.5324 1.4558362.5225.0 92.723N 35E
-0445 Jun 06 22:45:38 16154 410 -30236 52T+pp 0.1687 2.5439 1.5529337.1218.2 95.622S 84E
-0445 Nov 30 09:07:06 16146 410 -30230 57P a- -0.4977 1.9545 0.9351322.1190.4 - 21N 71W
-0444 May 26 06:36:01 16138 410 -30224 62P t- 0.9801 1.0821 0.0378283.9 46.7 - 19S 34W
-0444 Oct 20 11:58:46 16131 410 -30219 29N -a 1.5271 0.0399-0.9281 53.4 - - 10N116W
-0444 Nov 18 22:31:30 16130 410 -30218 67N a- -1.1378 0.7587-0.2183218.9 - - 17N 87E
-0443 Apr 15 17:14:03 16123 410 -30213 34N -t -1.0910 0.8899-0.1769268.7 - - 9S168E
-0443 Oct 10 03:10:05 16115 409 -30207 39P -a 0.8982 1.2054 0.2145269.1100.2 - 5N 17E
-0442 Apr 04 21:17:59 16107 409 -30201 44T -p -0.3027 2.3153 1.2902345.4215.8 78.2 4S109E
-0442 Sep 29 13:43:21 16099 409 -30195 49T+-p 0.2144 2.4864 1.4432350.0220.1 90.6 0N140W
-0441 Mar 25 08:28:28 16091 409 -30189 54T a- 0.4558 2.0085 1.0344314.1193.3 28.0 1N 58W
-0441 Sep 18 17:06:40 16083 409 -30183 59P t- -0.5125 1.9613 0.8748354.2200.3 - 5S170E
-0440 Feb 13 15:56:06 16077 409 -30178 26N -a -1.4263 0.2224-0.7407124.3 - - 14N168W
-0440 Mar 14 00:26:39 16075 409 -30177 64N a- 1.1492 0.7247-0.2263212.4 - - 6N 64E
-0440 Sep 06 16:44:19 16068 408 -30171 69N t- -1.2159 0.6695-0.4149239.5 - - 10S176E
-0439 Feb 02 06:13:04 16061 408 -30166 36P -a -0.7783 1.4326 0.4273292.2139.6 - 18N 22W
-0439 Jul 28 08:20:24 16053 408 -30160 41P -h 0.8649 1.2706 0.2716282.7115.1 - 20S 58W
-0438 Jan 22 14:13:36 16045 408 -30154 46T-pp -0.0766 2.7503 1.6851362.5228.5102.121N143W
-0438 Jul 17 22:28:17 16037 408 -30148 51T+pp 0.0944 2.6610 1.7080320.3212.1 97.822S 90E

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0437 Jan 11 15:12:32 16029 408 -30142 56P t- 0.6321 1.7492 0.6482347.3180.5 - 23N158W
-0437 Jul 07 15:32:07 16021 407 -30136 61P a- -0.6350 1.6656 0.7195290.4166.7 - 24S167W
-0437 Dec 31 14:51:58 16013 407 -30130 66N h- 1.2954 0.5240-0.5611212.3 - - 25N155W
-0436 May 27 21:19:16 16007 407 -30125 33N -h 1.2052 0.6499-0.3567219.7 - - 19S105E
-0436 Jun 26 06:50:36 16006 407 -30124 71N h- -1.4127 0.2563-0.7246138.5 - - 25S 37W
-0436 Nov 20 07:02:50 15999 407 -30119 38P -a -0.9036 1.2020 0.1982271.5 97.2 - 18N 41W
-0435 May 17 03:08:04 15991 407 -30113 43P -t 0.4671 2.0292 0.9732352.1206.6 - 17S 18E
-0435 Nov 09 21:34:26 15983 406 -30107 48T--p -0.2129 2.4531 1.4814316.9206.0 87.716N100E
-0434 May 06 03:54:32 15975 406 -30101 53T tp -0.2970 2.3474 1.2795367.3225.1 80.015S 6E
-0434 Oct 30 13:04:09 15968 406 -30095 58T p- 0.4599 2.0066 1.0217311.3190.2 22.013N133W
-0433 Apr 25 06:49:07 15960 406 -30089 63N t- -1.0411 0.9643-0.0687266.9 - - 12S 37W
-0433 Oct 20 00:51:47 15952 406 -30083 68N h- 1.1953 0.6820-0.3522224.9 - - 9N 50E
-0432 Mar 15 07:57:27 15945 406 -30078 35P -a 0.8712 1.2419 0.2768267.9111.8 - 5N 50W
-0432 Sep 08 12:06:34 15937 405 -30072 40Nx-t -1.0009 1.0667-0.0227291.9 - - 9S115W
-0431 Mar 05 00:23:15 15930 405 -30066 45T+-p 0.1530 2.5541 1.5998316.9208.9 93.8 8N 64E
-0431 Aug 28 12:08:12 15922 405 -30060 50T pp -0.2780 2.3843 1.3122364.2223.6 82.412S115W
-0430 Feb 22 15:47:43 15914 405 -30054 55P a- -0.5705 1.8049 0.8173308.4179.3 - 12N167W
-0430 Aug 17 17:36:44 15906 405 -30048 60P a- 0.4669 2.0099 0.9926330.4197.9 - 15S163E
-0429 Jan 13 09:52:33 15900 405 -30043 27N -t 1.5572 0.0419-1.0396 62.6 - - 24N 78W
-0429 Feb 12 01:42:23 15898 405 -30042 65N t- -1.3479 0.4084-0.6382183.0 - - 14N 45E
-0429 Jul 08 22:38:18 15892 404 -30037 32N -a -1.3713 0.3142-0.6311145.8 - - 25S 87E
-0429 Aug 07 06:19:51 15891 404 -30036 70N a- 1.1649 0.7029-0.2618213.6 - - 17S 28W
-0428 Jan 02 09:36:52 15884 404 -30031 37P -t 0.9046 1.2503 0.1470311.3 93.0 - 24N 76W
-0428 Jun 27 15:43:59 15876 404 -30025 42P -a -0.6605 1.6216 0.6701290.5163.3 - 24S171W
-0428 Dec 21 10:18:20 15868 404 -30019 47T+pp 0.2019 2.5241 1.4514361.1224.3 92.324N 88W

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0427 Jun 17 05:47:53 15861 404 -30013 52T+pp 0.0915 2.6877 1.6925340.1221.0100.723S 22W
-0427 Dec 10 17:46:07 15853 404 -30007 57P a- -0.4961 1.9558 0.9396321.0190.2 - 22N159E
-0426 Jun 06 13:08:14 15845 403 -30001 62P t- 0.8983 1.2336 0.1864299.2102.0 - 21S133W
-0426 Oct 31 20:45:41 15839 403 -29996 29N -a 1.5330 0.0301-0.9398 46.4 - - 14N111E
-0426 Nov 30 07:24:54 15837 403 -29995 67N a- -1.1368 0.7601-0.2160218.8 - - 20N 47W
-0425 Apr 26 23:46:10 15831 403 -29990 34N -t -1.1675 0.7476-0.3155249.2 - - 13S 68E
-0425 Oct 21 11:42:26 15823 403 -29984 39P -a 0.9107 1.1848 0.1892268.4 94.7 - 10N113W
-0424 Apr 15 04:21:43 15815 403 -29978 44T -p -0.3698 2.1892 1.1700340.2209.9 62.2 8S 0E
-0424 Oct 09 21:46:29 15808 403 -29972 49T+-p 0.2335 2.4543 1.4052351.1219.6 88.1 5N 97E
-0423 Apr 04 16:04:00 15800 402 -29966 54T a- 0.3969 2.1141 1.1452316.4198.7 55.5 3S174W
-0423 Sep 29 00:39:58 15792 402 -29960 59P t- -0.4837 2.0164 0.9252357.5204.4 - 0S 54E
-0422 Feb 24 00:09:55 15786 402 -29955 26N -a -1.4600 0.1597-0.8017106.0 - - 10N 67E
-0422 Mar 25 08:19:39 15784 402 -29954 64N a- 1.0996 0.8142-0.1339222.9 - - 2N 57W
-0422 Sep 18 00:08:16 15777 402 -29948 69N t- -1.1775 0.7410-0.3454250.0 - - 5S 63E
-0421 Feb 13 14:20:22 15770 402 -29943 36P -a -0.8080 1.3781 0.3727289.3131.9 - 14N145W
-0421 Aug 08 15:49:17 15763 402 -29937 41P -a 0.9182 1.1725 0.1740273.6 93.1 - 17S171W
-0420 Feb 02 22:03:19 15755 401 -29931 46T-pp -0.1016 2.7043 1.6394363.1228.6101.318N 99E
-0420 Jul 28 06:08:22 15747 401 -29925 51T+-p 0.1546 2.5510 1.5973318.8210.2 94.320S 26W
-0419 Jan 21 22:54:52 15739 401 -29919 56P t- 0.6122 1.7844 0.6858349.1184.6 - 21N 86E
-0419 Jul 17 23:06:56 15732 401 -29913 61P a- -0.5709 1.7848 0.8356296.7176.4 - 23S 79E
-0418 Jan 10 22:50:48 15724 401 -29907 66N h- 1.2805 0.5490-0.5314216.1 - - 24N 86E
-0418 Jun 08 04:12:32 15718 401 -29902 33N -h 1.2880 0.5000-0.5105196.4 - - 21S 1E
-0418 Jul 07 14:03:41 15716 400 -29901 71N h- -1.3478 0.3779-0.6080167.0 - - 25S146W
-0418 Dec 01 15:47:28 15710 400 -29896 38P -a -0.9017 1.2042 0.2029270.8 98.1 - 21N173W
-0417 May 28 09:32:52 15702 400 -29890 43P -t 0.5563 1.8665 0.8087345.8194.4 - 20S 80W

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0417 Nov 21 06:27:42 15695 400 -29884 48T--p -0.2144 2.4504 1.4784316.8205.8 87.519N 34W
-0416 May 16 10:16:12 15687 400 -29878 53T-pp -0.2089 2.5078 1.4419370.1230.4 94.418S 91W
-0416 Nov 09 21:49:09 15679 400 -29872 58T p- 0.4568 2.0138 1.0256312.4190.8 23.916N 95E
-0415 May 05 13:36:40 15672 399 -29866 63P t- -0.9606 1.1097 0.0815280.6 67.1 - 15S141W
-0415 Oct 30 09:13:48 15664 399 -29860 68N h- 1.1911 0.6924-0.3469227.3 - - 13N 77W
-0414 Mar 26 15:43:30 15658 399 -29855 35P -a 0.9218 1.1466 0.1862259.3 92.8 - 1N168W
-0414 Sep 19 19:28:32 15650 399 -29849 40N -t -1.0385 0.9996-0.0939285.1 - - 4S133E
-0413 Mar 16 08:22:35 15642 399 -29843 45T+-p 0.1996 2.4675 1.5155315.8207.4 90.1 4N 57W
-0413 Sep 08 19:29:40 15635 399 -29837 50T -p -0.3211 2.3059 1.2325361.7219.9 73.1 8S133E
-0412 Mar 04 23:43:34 15627 398 -29831 55P a- -0.5314 1.8765 0.8892312.5185.3 - 8N 73E
-0412 Aug 28 01:15:14 15620 398 -29825 60T a- 0.4193 2.0972 1.0801332.3202.4 43.312S 46E
-0411 Jan 23 17:44:18 15613 398 -29820 27Ne-t 1.5790 0.0016-1.0794 12.4 - - 22N163E
-0411 Feb 22 09:23:27 15612 398 -29819 65N t- -1.3165 0.4660-0.5805195.0 - - 11N 72W
-0411 Jul 19 06:14:58 15606 398 -29814 32N -a -1.4319 0.2035-0.7428118.4 - - 24S 28W
-0411 Aug 17 14:10:08 15604 398 -29813 70N a- 1.1127 0.7988-0.1665225.1 - - 14S147W
-0410 Jan 12 17:26:02 15598 398 -29808 37P -t 0.9192 1.2221 0.1216308.4 84.8 - 23N167E
-0410 Jul 08 23:11:45 15590 398 -29802 42P -a -0.7305 1.4949 0.5400284.0149.9 - 24S 77E
-0409 Jan 01 18:28:31 15583 397 -29796 47T+pp 0.2092 2.5086 1.4404359.4223.5 91.424N150E
-0409 Jun 28 12:50:24 15575 397 -29790 52T+pp 0.0154 2.8297 1.8298342.4222.6102.724S129W
-0409 Dec 22 02:23:11 15568 397 -29784 57P a- -0.4922 1.9610 0.9488320.0190.3 - 23N 30E
-0408 Jun 16 19:40:40 15560 397 -29778 62P t- 0.8170 1.3845 0.3338312.7133.9 - 23S128E
-0408 Nov 11 05:35:43 15554 397 -29773 29N -a 1.5368 0.0238-0.9475 41.3 - - 18N 22W
-0408 Dec 10 16:16:39 15553 397 -29772 67N a- -1.1342 0.7642-0.2104219.0 - - 22N180E
-0407 May 07 06:15:23 15546 397 -29767 34N -t -1.2466 0.6008-0.4589226.0 - - 16S 31W
-0407 Oct 31 20:19:40 15539 396 -29761 39P -a 0.9191 1.1715 0.1716268.2 90.6 - 14N116E

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)
Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Saros Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen
Dur
m
Par
Dur
m
Total
Dur
m
Zen
Lat
°
Zen
Long
°
-0406 Apr 26 11:20:58 15531 396 -29755 44T -t -0.4415 2.0549 1.0411334.2202.4 31.812S107W
-0406 Oct 21 05:56:06 15524 396 -29749 49T+-p 0.2466 2.4330 1.3783352.3219.3 86.1 9N 27W
-0405 Apr 15 23:32:54 15516 396 -29743 54T a- 0.3314 2.2319 1.2677318.4203.7 72.3 7S 71E
-0405 Oct 10 08:22:09 15508 396 -29737 59P t- -0.4626 2.0573 0.9618360.1207.2 - 4N 63W
-0404 Mar 06 08:13:23 15502 396 -29732 26N -a -1.5019 0.0820-0.8777 76.6 - - 6N 56W
-0404 Apr 04 16:03:50 15501 396 -29731 64N a- 1.0427 0.9174-0.0283234.0 - - 3S175W
-0404 Sep 28 07:43:35 15493 395 -29725 69N t- -1.1476 0.7967-0.2913257.5 - - 1S 53W
-0403 Feb 23 22:18:22 15487 395 -29720 36P -a -0.8446 1.3110 0.3056285.3121.0 - 11N 94E
-0403 Aug 18 23:26:51 15480 395 -29714 41P -a 0.9652 1.0861 0.0879265.0 66.7 - 14S 73E
-0402 Feb 13 05:45:06 15472 395 -29708 46T-pp -0.1324 2.6476 1.5831363.5228.4 99.615N 17W
-0402 Aug 08 13:54:33 15465 395 -29702 51T+-p 0.2099 2.4500 1.4951317.1207.7 89.318S143W
-0401 Feb 02 06:30:06 15457 395 -29696 56P t- 0.5862 1.8307 0.7350351.3189.5 - 19N 29W
-0401 Jul 29 06:45:41 15450 394 -29690 61P a- -0.5102 1.8980 0.9451302.1184.3 - 21S 36W
-0400 Jan 22 06:44:57 15442 394 -29684 66N h- 1.2609 0.5824-0.4929221.1 - - 22N 33W
-0400 Jun 18 11:05:34 15436 394 -29679 33N -h 1.3697 0.3522-0.6626167.9 - - 22S103W
-0400 Jul 17 21:20:25 15435 394 -29678 71N h- -1.2862 0.4935-0.4977189.7 - - 24S105E
-0400 Dec 12 00:31:40 15428 394 -29673 38P -a -0.9009 1.2042 0.2058270.0 98.5 - 22N 56E

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses: -0499 to -0400 (500 BCE to 401 BCE)

During the 5th century BCE [1], Earth experienced 242 lunar eclipses. The following table shows the number of eclipses of each type over this period.

Lunar Eclipses: -0499 - -0400
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 242100.0%
PenumbralN 88 36.4%
PartialP 90 37.2%
TotalT 64 26.4%

Total eclipses can be further classified as either central or non-central:

  • Central - Some portion of the Moon passes directly through the center of Earth’s umbral shadow.
    These are the deepest and longest type of lunar eclipse.
  • Non-Central - The Moon passes completely within Earth’s umbral shadow but misses the center of the umbra.

The statistical distribution of these classes during the 5th century BCE appears in the following table.

Total Eclipses
Classification Number Percent
All 64100.0%
Central 45 70.3%
Non-Central 19 29.7%

There are two to five lunar eclipses in every calendar year. Statistics for the number of eclipses each year during the century are listed below.

Number of Eclipses Per Year
Number of Eclipses Per Year Number of Years
2 69
3 21
4 9
5 1

The lunar eclipses with the longest and shortest durations, and with the largest and smallest magnitudes appear in the following two tables.

Extreme Durations of Lunar Eclipses
Extrema Type Date Duration
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0485 Jul 2701h43m05s
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0452 Oct 1900h15m05s
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0470 Apr 1403h28m46s
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0444 May 2600h46m45s
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0432 Sep 0804h51m54s
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0411 Jan 2300h12m25s
 
Extreme Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses
Extrema Type Date Umbral Magnitude Penumbral Magnitude
Largest Total Lunar Eclipse -0456 Jul 061.83055 -
Smallest Total Lunar Eclipse -0452 Oct 191.01014 -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0430 Aug 170.99260 -
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0444 May 260.03779 -
Largest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0432 Sep 08 - 1.06665
Smallest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0411 Jan 23 - 0.00163

When four consecutive lunar eclipses are all total eclipses, the series is known as a tetrad. The following table lists the dates of all total eclipses in the 1 tetrads occurring during this century.

Lunar Eclipse Tetrad Series
Series Number First Eclipse Second Eclipse Third Eclipse Fourth Eclipse
1 -0453 May 06 -0453 Oct 30 -0452 Apr 24 -0452 Oct 19

During the century, 1 Saros series begin and 2 Saros series end. The table below gives the Saros series, number of eclipses in the series, the calendar date and whether it is the first or last eclipse in the series.

First or Last Eclipse in Saros Series
Saros Series Number of Eclipses Date Pernumbral Magnitude First/Last
31 73 -0476 Jul 17 0.0373Last
71 72 -0472 Jun 04 0.0027First
27 86 -0411 Jan 23 0.0016Last

The years containing five lunar eclipses are as follows: -447.

There are two lunar eclipses in the same same calendar month as follows: -447 Jan.

Footnotes

[1] The terms BCE and CE are abbreviations for "Before Common Era" and "Common Era," respectively. They are the secular equivalents to the BC and AD dating conventions. (See: Year Dating Conventions)

[2] Greatest eclipse is defined as the instant when the center of the Moon passes closest to the axis of Earth's shadows.

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Information

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.