Saros 147

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 147

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 147

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 147 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 147
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 1624-Oct-1208:53:54 87 16 -4641 Pb t- 1.5466 0.0089 72N 110E 0 - -
2-34 1642-Oct-2316:48:35 59 14 -4418 P t- 1.5221 0.0551 71N 22W 0 - -
3-33 1660-Nov-0300:50:38 34 11 -4195 P t- 1.5039 0.0898 70N 156W 0 - -
4-32 1678-Nov-1408:58:13 15 8 -3972 P t- 1.4908 0.1148 69N 69E 0 - -
5-31 1696-Nov-2417:10:40 8 5 -3749 P t- 1.4822 0.1318 68N 66W 0 - -
6-30 1714-Dec-0701:27:09 9 4 -3526 P t- 1.4772 0.1420 67N 159E 0 - -
7-29 1732-Dec-1709:46:56 11 4 -3303 P t- 1.4752 0.1470 66N 23E 0 - -
8-28 1750-Dec-2818:06:51 13 3 -3080 P t- 1.4737 0.1506 65N 112W 0 - -
9-27 1769-Jan-0802:26:41 16 2 -2857 P t- 1.4728 0.1531 64N 113E 0 - -
10-26 1787-Jan-1910:43:13 16 2 -2634 P t- 1.4697 0.1591 63N 20W 0 - -
11-25 1805-Jan-3018:57:01 12 1 -2411 P t- 1.4651 0.1675 63N 153W 0 - -
12-24 1823-Feb-1103:03:02 11 1 -2188 P t- 1.4546 0.1856 62N 77E 0 - -
13-23 1841-Feb-2111:03:56 5 1 -1965 P t- 1.4406 0.2096 62N 52W 0 - -
14-22 1859-Mar-0418:54:49 7 0 -1742 P t- 1.4192 0.2461 61N 179W 0 - -
15-21 1877-Mar-1502:38:09 -4 0 -1519 P t- 1.3924 0.2917 61N 57E 0 - -
16-20 1895-Mar-2610:09:33 -6 0 -1296 P t- 1.3565 0.3531 61N 65W 0 - -
17-19 1913-Apr-0617:33:07 15 0 -1073 P t- 1.3147 0.4244 61N 176E 0 - -
18-18 1931-Apr-1800:45:35 24 0 -850 P t- 1.2643 0.5107 61N 59E 0 - -
19-17 1949-Apr-2807:48:53 29 0 -627 P t- 1.2068 0.6092 62N 56W 0 - -
20-16 1967-May-0914:42:48 38 0 -404 P t- 1.1422 0.7201 63N 168W 0 - -
21-15 1985-May-1921:29:38 55 0 -181 P t- 1.0720 0.8406 63N 81E 0 - -
22-14 2003-May-3104:09:23 64 0 42 An t- 0.9960 0.9384 67N 24W 3 - 03m37s
23-13 2021-Jun-1010:43:07 70 0 265 A t- 0.9152 0.9435 81N 67W 23 52703m51s
24-12 2039-Jun-2117:12:54 79 3 488 A p- 0.8312 0.9454 79N 102W 33 36504m05s
25-11 2057-Jul-0123:40:15 90 7 711 A p- 0.7455 0.9464 71N 176W 41 29804m22s
26-10 2075-Jul-1306:05:44 104 12 934 A p- 0.6583 0.9467 63N 95E 49 26204m45s
27 -9 2093-Jul-2312:32:04 120 18 1157 A p- 0.5717 0.9463 55N 1E 55 24105m11s
28 -8 2111-Aug-0419:00:22 140 25 1380 A p- 0.4867 0.9455 46N 96W 61 23005m42s
29 -7 2129-Aug-1501:33:05 161 32 1603 A p- 0.4055 0.9442 37N 165E 66 22506m15s
30 -6 2147-Aug-2608:09:15 185 40 1826 A pn 0.3271 0.9425 29N 65E 71 22406m49s
31 -5 2165-Sep-0514:52:45 212 48 2049 A nn 0.2549 0.9406 21N 38W 75 22707m22s
32 -4 2183-Sep-1621:42:37 241 57 2272 A nn 0.1877 0.9384 13N 143W 79 23307m53s
33 -3 2201-Sep-2804:41:51 273 67 2495 A nn 0.1281 0.9361 5N 111E 83 24008m21s
34 -2 2219-Oct-0911:48:35 308 77 2718 A nn 0.0744 0.9338 2S 2E 86 24808m46s
35 -1 2237-Oct-1919:06:03 345 88 2941 A nn 0.0295 0.9316 9S 108W 88 25609m07s
36 0 2255-Oct-3102:32:03 385 99 3164 A nn -0.0088 0.9295 14S 139E 89 26409m24s
37 1 2273-Nov-1010:07:17 427 111 3387 A nn -0.0399 0.9278 20S 25E 88 27209m34s
38 2 2291-Nov-2117:50:53 472 123 3610 A nn -0.0644 0.9263 24S 90W 86 27809m41s
39 3 2309-Dec-0301:42:04 519 136 3833 A nn -0.0833 0.9254 27S 154E 85 28209m40s
40 4 2327-Dec-1409:39:46 569 149 4056 A nn -0.0969 0.9250 29S 36E 84 28409m34s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 147
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 2345-Dec-2417:41:04 621 163 4279 Am nn -0.1082 0.9252 30S 82W 84 28409m21s
42 6 2364-Jan-0501:46:48 676 177 4502 A nn -0.1161 0.9259 29S 159E 83 28109m03s
43 7 2382-Jan-1509:53:21 734 191 4725 A nn -0.1242 0.9274 28S 39E 83 27508m40s
44 8 2400-Jan-2618:00:09 794 206 4948 A nn -0.1322 0.9295 26S 81W 82 26708m13s
45 9 2418-Feb-0602:04:03 857 221 5171 A nn -0.1431 0.9322 23S 159E 82 25607m43s
46 10 2436-Feb-1710:05:23 923 237 5394 A nn -0.1567 0.9355 20S 40E 81 24307m12s
47 11 2454-Feb-2718:01:46 990 253 5617 A nn -0.1750 0.9393 17S 78W 80 22806m40s
48 12 2472-Mar-1001:52:10 1061 270 5840 A nn -0.1989 0.9436 14S 164E 78 21206m08s
49 13 2490-Mar-2109:36:10 1134 287 6063 A nn -0.2288 0.9483 11S 49E 77 19505m36s
50 14 2508-Apr-0117:13:21 1210 304 6286 A nn -0.2648 0.9532 9S 65W 75 17705m06s
51 15 2526-Apr-1300:43:01 1288 322 6509 A -n -0.3078 0.9583 7S 177W 72 15804m35s
52 16 2544-Apr-2308:05:32 1369 340 6732 A -n -0.3575 0.9635 6S 73E 69 14004m05s
53 17 2562-May-0415:21:27 1452 359 6955 A -p -0.4134 0.9686 7S 36W 66 12303m35s
54 18 2580-May-1422:32:10 1538 378 7178 A -p -0.4743 0.9735 8S 143W 62 10703m04s
55 19 2598-May-2605:36:07 1627 397 7401 A -p -0.5415 0.9782 11S 111E 57 9102m33s
56 20 2616-Jun-0612:37:15 1718 417 7624 A -p -0.6115 0.9824 14S 5E 52 7802m04s
57 21 2634-Jun-1719:34:20 1812 437 7847 A -p -0.6854 0.9862 20S 100W 47 6701m35s
58 22 2652-Jun-2802:31:10 1908 458 8070 A -p -0.7603 0.9892 26S 154E 40 5801m11s
59 23 2670-Jul-0909:25:16 2007 479 8293 A -p -0.8380 0.9915 35S 47E 33 5500m52s
60 24 2688-Jul-1916:22:29 2108 500 8516 A -p -0.9137 0.9926 46S 63W 24 6400m41s
61 25 2706-Jul-3123:20:36 2212 522 8739 A -t -0.9890 0.9911 63S 180W 7 24100m41s
62 26 2724-Aug-1106:23:23 2319 544 8962 P -t -1.0610 0.8796 70S 55E 0 - -
63 27 2742-Aug-2213:29:52 2428 566 9185 P -t -1.1308 0.7533 71S 64W 0 - -
64 28 2760-Sep-0120:44:16 2540 589 9408 P -t -1.1948 0.6371 72S 174E 0 - -
65 29 2778-Sep-1304:05:00 2654 612 9631 P -t -1.2542 0.5290 72S 51E 0 - -
66 30 2796-Sep-2311:33:39 2771 636 9854 P -t -1.3079 0.4309 72S 75W 0 - -
67 31 2814-Oct-0419:10:39 2890 660 10077 P -t -1.3555 0.3439 72S 157E 0 - -
68 32 2832-Oct-1502:57:17 3012 684 10300 P -t -1.3963 0.2695 72S 27E 0 - -
69 33 2850-Oct-2610:52:44 3137 709 10523 P -t -1.4306 0.2067 71S 104W 0 - -
70 34 2868-Nov-0518:57:04 3264 734 10746 P -t -1.4586 0.1555 70S 122E 0 - -
71 35 2886-Nov-1703:10:19 3394 759 10969 P -t -1.4802 0.1161 69S 13W 0 - -
72 36 2904-Nov-2811:32:00 3526 785 11192 P -t -1.4960 0.0873 68S 149W 0 - -
73 37 2922-Dec-0919:59:49 3661 811 11415 P -t -1.5075 0.0661 67S 73E 0 - -
74 38 2940-Dec-2004:34:33 3798 838 11638 P -t -1.5143 0.0533 66S 66W 0 - -
75 39 2958-Dec-3113:13:20 3938 864 11861 P -t -1.5186 0.0449 65S 155E 0 - -
76 40 2977-Jan-1021:56:15 4081 892 12084 P -t -1.5203 0.0412 64S 15E 0 - -
77 41 2995-Jan-2206:39:19 4226 919 12307 P -t -1.5225 0.0362 63S 124W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 147

Solar eclipses of Saros 147 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1624 Oct 12. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2995 Jan 22. The total duration of Saros series 147 is 1370.29 years.

Summary of Saros 147
First Eclipse 1624 Oct 12
Last Eclipse 2995 Jan 22
Series Duration 1370.29 Years
No. of Eclipses 77
Sequence 21P 40A 16P

Saros 147 is composed of 77 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 147
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 77100.0%
PartialP 37 48.1%
AnnularA 40 51.9%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 147 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 147
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 39 97.5%
Central (one limit) 1 2.5%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 77 eclipses in Saros 147 occur in the following order : 21P 40A 16P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 147 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 147
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2291 Nov 2109m41s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 2688 Jul 1900m41s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 2724 Aug 11 - 0.87959
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1624 Oct 12 - 0.00894

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.