Saros 145

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 145

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 145

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 145 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 145
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-39 1639-Jan-0404:56:18 65 14 -4465 Pb t- 1.5651 0.0009 65N 80E 0 - -
2-38 1657-Jan-1413:08:11 39 11 -4242 P t- 1.5547 0.0171 64N 53W 0 - -
3-37 1675-Jan-2521:19:47 18 9 -4019 P t- 1.5434 0.0346 63N 175E 0 - -
4-36 1693-Feb-0505:27:09 8 6 -3796 P t- 1.5276 0.0597 62N 44E 0 - -
5-35 1711-Feb-1713:30:14 9 5 -3573 P t- 1.5077 0.0919 62N 85W 0 - -
6-34 1729-Feb-2721:27:02 10 4 -3350 P t- 1.4817 0.1347 61N 147E 0 - -
7-33 1747-Mar-1105:18:08 12 3 -3127 P t- 1.4504 0.1872 61N 20E 0 - -
8-32 1765-Mar-2113:01:44 15 2 -2904 P t- 1.4120 0.2525 61N 104W 0 - -
9-31 1783-Apr-0120:38:38 17 2 -2681 P t- 1.3671 0.3300 61N 133E 0 - -
10-30 1801-Apr-1304:08:06 13 1 -2458 P t- 1.3152 0.4208 61N 12E 0 - -
11-29 1819-Apr-2411:31:59 12 1 -2235 P t- 1.2579 0.5225 62N 108W 0 - -
12-28 1837-May-0418:48:28 5 1 -2012 P t- 1.1934 0.6381 62N 134E 0 - -
13-27 1855-May-1602:01:12 7 1 -1789 P t- 1.1249 0.7624 63N 17E 0 - -
14-26 1873-May-2609:08:56 -2 0 -1566 P t- 1.0513 0.8971 64N 100W 0 - -
15-25 1891-Jun-0616:15:36 -6 0 -1343 A t- 0.9755 0.9981 75N 164E 12 3300m06s
16-24 1909-Jun-1723:18:38 10 0 -1120 H t- 0.8957 1.0065 83N 124E 26 5100m24s
17-23 1927-Jun-2906:23:27 24 0 -897 T t- 0.8163 1.0128 78N 74E 35 7700m50s
18-22 1945-Jul-0913:27:45 27 0 -674 T p- 0.7356 1.0180 70N 17W 42 9201m15s
19-21 1963-Jul-2020:36:13 35 0 -451 T p- 0.6571 1.0224 62N 120W 49 10101m40s
20-20 1981-Jul-3103:46:37 52 0 -228 T p- 0.5792 1.0258 53N 134E 54 10802m02s
21-19 1999-Aug-1111:04:09 64 0 -5 T p- 0.5062 1.0286 45N 24E 59 11202m23s
22-18 2017-Aug-2118:26:40 69 0 218 T p- 0.4367 1.0306 37N 88W 64 11502m40s
23-17 2035-Sep-0201:56:46 77 2 441 T p- 0.3727 1.0320 29N 158E 68 11602m54s
24-16 2053-Sep-1209:34:09 88 6 664 T n- 0.3140 1.0328 21N 42E 72 11603m04s
25-15 2071-Sep-2317:20:28 101 11 887 T n- 0.2620 1.0333 14N 77W 75 11603m11s
26-14 2089-Oct-0401:15:23 117 17 1110 T n- 0.2167 1.0333 7N 163E 77 11503m14s
27-13 2107-Oct-1609:18:27 135 23 1333 T n- 0.1778 1.0332 1N 40E 80 11403m16s
28-12 2125-Oct-2617:30:49 156 30 1556 T n- 0.1461 1.0329 4S 84W 82 11203m15s
29-11 2143-Nov-0701:51:16 180 38 1779 T n- 0.1206 1.0326 9S 150E 83 11103m14s
30-10 2161-Nov-1710:19:30 206 47 2002 T n- 0.1012 1.0325 13S 23E 84 11003m13s
31 -9 2179-Nov-2818:54:18 235 56 2225 T n- 0.0867 1.0325 17S 105W 85 11003m12s
32 -8 2197-Dec-0903:35:07 266 65 2448 T n- 0.0768 1.0329 19S 125E 86 11103m13s
33 -7 2215-Dec-2112:20:08 300 75 2671 T n- 0.0701 1.0337 20S 5W 86 11403m14s
34 -6 2233-Dec-3121:07:37 337 86 2894 T n- 0.0649 1.0348 19S 136W 86 11703m18s
35 -5 2252-Jan-1205:57:04 376 97 3117 T n- 0.0607 1.0365 18S 93E 87 12303m23s
36 -4 2270-Jan-2214:46:28 418 109 3340 T n- 0.0560 1.0386 17S 38W 87 13003m29s
37 -3 2288-Feb-0223:33:46 462 121 3563 T n- 0.0492 1.0412 14S 169W 87 13803m39s
38 -2 2306-Feb-1408:17:48 509 133 3786 T nn 0.0394 1.0441 11S 60E 88 14703m49s
39 -1 2324-Feb-2516:57:31 558 146 4009 Tm nn 0.0256 1.0475 8S 70W 89 15804m02s
40 0 2342-Mar-0801:32:13 610 160 4232 T nn 0.0072 1.0511 5S 162E 90 16904m16s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 145
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 1 2360-Mar-1809:59:21 665 174 4455 T nn -0.0177 1.0549 2S 35E 89 18104m33s
42 2 2378-Mar-2918:20:22 722 188 4678 T nn -0.0480 1.0587 1N 90W 87 19304m51s
43 3 2396-Apr-0902:33:16 781 203 4901 T nn -0.0851 1.0625 3N 148E 85 20605m12s
44 4 2414-Apr-2010:39:38 844 218 5124 T -n -0.1279 1.0661 5N 27E 83 21805m33s
45 5 2432-Apr-3018:37:30 909 234 5347 T -n -0.1780 1.0694 6N 92W 80 22905m56s
46 6 2450-May-1202:29:43 976 250 5570 T -n -0.2331 1.0722 6N 151E 77 24106m19s
47 7 2468-May-2210:15:10 1046 266 5793 T -n -0.2937 1.0744 4N 35E 73 25206m41s
48 8 2486-Jun-0217:55:27 1118 283 6016 T -n -0.3588 1.0760 2N 80W 69 26306m59s
49 9 2504-Jun-1401:31:02 1194 301 6239 T -p -0.4279 1.0769 2S 166E 65 27507m10s
50 10 2522-Jun-2509:03:44 1271 318 6462 T -p -0.4992 1.0769 7S 52E 60 28707m12s
51 11 2540-Jul-0516:34:25 1352 337 6685 T -p -0.5723 1.0760 12S 62W 55 30007m04s
52 12 2558-Jul-1700:03:12 1434 355 6908 T -p -0.6466 1.0742 19S 176W 50 31506m43s
53 13 2576-Jul-2707:32:30 1520 374 7131 T -p -0.7204 1.0714 27S 68E 44 33406m12s
54 14 2594-Aug-0715:02:40 1608 393 7354 T -p -0.7928 1.0676 36S 49W 37 36105m32s
55 15 2612-Aug-1822:35:25 1699 413 7577 T -t -0.8629 1.0629 45S 168W 30 40704m45s
56 16 2630-Aug-3006:10:50 1792 433 7800 T -t -0.9303 1.0568 56S 68E 21 51403m53s
57 17 2648-Sep-0913:51:21 1887 453 8023 Ts -t -0.9930 1.0479 70S 80W 5 - 02m48s
58 18 2666-Sep-2021:37:05 1986 474 8246 P -t -1.0506 0.9185 72S 135E 0 - -
59 19 2684-Oct-0105:28:00 2087 496 8469 P -t -1.1036 0.8161 72S 3E 0 - -
60 20 2702-Oct-1313:25:50 2190 517 8692 P -t -1.1505 0.7260 72S 130W 0 - -
61 21 2720-Oct-2321:30:11 2296 539 8915 P -t -1.1917 0.6474 71S 96E 0 - -
62 22 2738-Nov-0405:42:24 2405 562 9138 P -t -1.2260 0.5826 71S 40W 0 - -
63 23 2756-Nov-1413:59:49 2516 584 9361 P -t -1.2556 0.5270 70S 176W 0 - -
64 24 2774-Nov-2522:25:12 2630 607 9584 P -t -1.2785 0.4845 69S 46E 0 - -
65 25 2792-Dec-0606:55:34 2746 631 9807 P -t -1.2974 0.4499 68S 92W 0 - -
66 26 2810-Dec-1715:31:42 2865 655 10030 P -t -1.3112 0.4247 66S 129E 0 - -
67 27 2828-Dec-2800:10:16 2986 679 10253 P -t -1.3229 0.4037 65S 11W 0 - -
68 28 2847-Jan-0808:52:20 3110 704 10476 P -t -1.3314 0.3885 64S 151W 0 - -
69 29 2865-Jan-1817:34:16 3237 728 10699 P -t -1.3398 0.3736 64S 70E 0 - -
70 30 2883-Jan-3002:15:36 3366 754 10922 P -t -1.3485 0.3582 63S 69W 0 - -
71 31 2901-Feb-1010:54:12 3498 779 11145 P -t -1.3590 0.3394 62S 153E 0 - -
72 32 2919-Feb-2119:29:40 3632 806 11368 P -t -1.3717 0.3167 62S 16E 0 - -
73 33 2937-Mar-0403:58:29 3769 832 11591 P -t -1.3893 0.2850 61S 120W 0 - -
74 34 2955-Mar-1512:21:10 3909 859 11814 P -t -1.4112 0.2455 61S 107E 0 - -
75 35 2973-Mar-2520:35:38 4051 886 12037 P -t -1.4393 0.1948 61S 25W 0 - -
76 36 2991-Apr-0604:42:57 4195 913 12260 P -t -1.4727 0.1345 61S 155W 0 - -
77 37 3009-Apr-1712:39:22 4492 913 12260 Pe -t -1.5141 0.0596 62S 79E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 145

Solar eclipses of Saros 145 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1639 Jan 04. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 3009 Apr 17. The total duration of Saros series 145 is 1370.29 years.

Summary of Saros 145
First Eclipse 1639 Jan 04
Last Eclipse3009 Apr 17
Series Duration 1370.29 Years
No. of Eclipses 77
Sequence 14P 1A 1H 41T 20P

Saros 145 is composed of 77 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 145
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 77100.0%
PartialP 34 44.2%
AnnularA 1 1.2%
TotalT 41 53.2%
HybridH 1 1.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 145 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 145
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 42 97.7%
Central (one limit) 1 2.3%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 77 eclipses in Saros 145 occur in the following order : 14P 1A 1H 41T 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 145 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 145
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1891 Jun 0600m06s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1891 Jun 0600m06s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 2522 Jun 2507m12s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1927 Jun 2900m50s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1909 Jun 1700m24s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1909 Jun 1700m24s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 2666 Sep 20 - 0.91853
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1639 Jan 04 - 0.00093

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.