Saros 144

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 144

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 144

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 144 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 144
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-32 1736-Apr-1107:18:06 11 4 -3262 Pb t- -1.5166 0.0748 72S 134E 0 - -
2-31 1754-Apr-2214:25:56 13 3 -3039 P t- -1.4631 0.1669 71S 14E 0 - -
3-30 1772-May-0221:26:41 16 2 -2816 P t- -1.4044 0.2683 70S 104W 0 - -
4-29 1790-May-1404:17:21 16 1 -2593 P t- -1.3374 0.3840 69S 141E 0 - -
5-28 1808-May-2511:02:35 12 1 -2370 P t- -1.2665 0.5064 68S 28E 0 - -
6-27 1826-Jun-0517:39:04 9 1 -2147 P t- -1.1887 0.6407 67S 82W 0 - -
7-26 1844-Jun-1600:13:21 6 1 -1924 P t- -1.1092 0.7777 66S 168E 0 - -
8-25 1862-Jun-2706:42:21 8 0 -1701 P t- -1.0252 0.9221 65S 61E 0 - -
9-24 1880-Jul-0713:10:28 -5 0 -1478 A t- -0.9406 0.9441 46S 33W 19 61105m47s
10-23 1898-Jul-1819:36:54 -4 0 -1255 A p- -0.8547 0.9450 36S 130W 31 38506m11s
11-22 1916-Jul-3002:06:10 19 0 -1032 A p- -0.7710 0.9447 29S 132E 39 31306m24s
12-21 1934-Aug-1008:37:48 24 0 -809 A p- -0.6890 0.9436 25S 35E 46 28006m33s
13-20 1952-Aug-2015:13:35 30 0 -586 A p- -0.6102 0.9420 22S 64W 52 26406m40s
14-19 1970-Aug-3121:55:30 41 0 -363 A p- -0.5364 0.9400 20S 164W 57 25806m47s
15-18 1988-Sep-1104:44:29 56 0 -140 A p- -0.4681 0.9377 20S 94E 62 25806m57s
16-17 2006-Sep-2211:41:16 65 0 83 A p- -0.4062 0.9352 21S 9W 66 26107m09s
17-16 2024-Oct-0218:46:13 71 1 306 A p- -0.3509 0.9326 22S 115W 69 26607m25s
18-15 2042-Oct-1402:00:42 81 4 529 A n- -0.3030 0.9301 24S 138E 72 27307m44s
19-14 2060-Oct-2409:24:10 92 8 752 A nn -0.2625 0.9277 26S 28E 75 28108m06s
20-13 2078-Nov-0416:55:44 107 13 975 A nn -0.2285 0.9255 28S 84W 77 28708m29s
21-12 2096-Nov-1500:36:15 124 19 1198 A nn -0.2018 0.9237 30S 163E 78 29408m53s
22-11 2114-Nov-2708:24:15 143 26 1421 A nn -0.1815 0.9223 31S 48E 79 29809m14s
23-10 2132-Dec-0716:18:43 165 33 1644 A nn -0.1661 0.9215 32S 68W 80 30109m33s
24 -9 2150-Dec-1900:17:02 190 41 1867 A nn -0.1535 0.9211 32S 174E 81 30209m46s
25 -8 2168-Dec-2908:19:32 217 50 2090 A nn -0.1444 0.9215 32S 56E 82 30009m52s
26 -7 2187-Jan-0916:23:41 247 59 2313 A nn -0.1365 0.9224 30S 63W 82 29609m51s
27 -6 2205-Jan-2100:27:32 280 69 2536 A nn -0.1281 0.9241 27S 178E 82 28909m42s
28 -5 2223-Feb-0108:29:43 314 79 2759 A nn -0.1179 0.9263 24S 58E 83 27909m26s
29 -4 2241-Feb-1116:28:39 352 90 2982 A nn -0.1045 0.9292 20S 61W 84 26709m04s
30 -3 2259-Feb-2300:23:41 392 101 3205 A nn -0.0875 0.9326 15S 180W 85 25308m36s
31 -2 2277-Mar-0508:11:55 435 113 3428 A nn -0.0645 0.9366 10S 63E 86 23608m04s
32 -1 2295-Mar-1615:54:34 480 126 3651 A nn -0.0362 0.9409 4S 54W 88 21907m29s
33 0 2313-Mar-2723:29:30 528 138 3874 A nn -0.0010 0.9457 3N 169W 90 20006m49s
34 1 2331-Apr-0806:57:08 578 152 4097 A nn 0.0408 0.9506 9N 78E 88 18106m07s
35 2 2349-Apr-1814:16:51 631 165 4320 A nn 0.0900 0.9557 16N 33W 85 16205m23s
36 3 2367-Apr-2921:30:02 687 179 4543 Am nn 0.1451 0.9607 23N 142W 82 14404m38s
37 4 2385-May-1004:36:48 745 194 4766 A nn 0.2063 0.9657 30N 111E 78 12603m53s
38 5 2403-May-2111:36:54 806 209 4989 A nn 0.2737 0.9705 36N 6E 74 11003m10s
39 6 2421-May-3118:32:58 869 224 5212 A -p 0.3452 0.9750 42N 96W 70 9502m32s
40 7 2439-Jun-1201:25:21 935 240 5435 A -p 0.4207 0.9791 48N 164E 65 8201m59s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 144
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 8 2457-Jun-2208:16:12 1003 256 5658 A -p 0.4980 0.9827 53N 66E 60 7101m32s
42 9 2475-Jul-0315:05:21 1074 273 5881 A -p 0.5775 0.9858 57N 29W 54 6201m11s
43 10 2493-Jul-1321:56:35 1148 290 6104 A -p 0.6562 0.9882 60N 123W 49 5500m56s
44 11 2511-Jul-2604:49:25 1224 308 6327 A -p 0.7346 0.9899 62N 145E 42 5200m45s
45 12 2529-Aug-0511:45:34 1303 325 6550 A -p 0.8109 0.9910 63N 53E 36 5400m38s
46 13 2547-Aug-1618:46:34 1384 344 6773 A -p 0.8841 0.9910 63N 40W 27 6700m37s
47 14 2565-Aug-2701:53:54 1468 362 6996 A -t 0.9527 0.9900 63N 130W 17 11700m39s
48 15 2583-Sep-0709:08:59 1554 382 7219 P -t 1.0160 0.9596 61N 150E 0 - -
49 16 2601-Sep-1816:30:36 1643 401 7442 P -t 1.0746 0.8540 61N 31E 0 - -
50 17 2619-Sep-3000:02:26 1735 421 7665 P -t 1.1257 0.7619 61N 90W 0 - -
51 18 2637-Oct-1007:42:09 1829 441 7888 P -t 1.1709 0.6802 61N 146E 0 - -
52 19 2655-Oct-2115:32:10 1926 462 8111 P -t 1.2084 0.6123 62N 21E 0 - -
53 20 2673-Oct-3123:29:52 2025 483 8334 P -t 1.2404 0.5544 62N 107W 0 - -
54 21 2691-Nov-1207:38:11 2127 504 8557 P -t 1.2647 0.5104 63N 122E 0 - -
55 22 2709-Nov-2315:53:38 2232 526 8780 P -t 1.2838 0.4758 64N 11W 0 - -
56 23 2727-Dec-0500:17:19 2339 548 9003 P -t 1.2968 0.4520 64N 146W 0 - -
57 24 2745-Dec-1508:47:05 2448 570 9226 P -t 1.3057 0.4358 65N 78E 0 - -
58 25 2763-Dec-2617:23:19 2560 593 9449 P -t 1.3098 0.4282 66N 61W 0 - -
59 26 2782-Jan-0602:02:14 2675 617 9672 P -t 1.3127 0.4227 68N 159E 0 - -
60 27 2800-Jan-1710:43:54 2793 640 9895 P -t 1.3141 0.4199 69N 18E 0 - -
61 28 2818-Jan-2719:25:55 2912 664 10118 P -t 1.3157 0.4166 70N 124W 0 - -
62 29 2836-Feb-0804:08:17 3035 689 10341 P -t 1.3176 0.4129 70N 93E 0 - -
63 30 2854-Feb-1812:46:40 3160 713 10564 P -t 1.3233 0.4020 71N 49W 0 - -
64 31 2872-Feb-2921:22:40 3288 738 10787 P -t 1.3316 0.3863 72N 169E 0 - -
65 32 2890-Mar-1205:52:21 3418 764 11010 P -t 1.3455 0.3599 72N 28E 0 - -
66 33 2908-Mar-2314:17:57 3551 790 11233 P -t 1.3632 0.3261 72N 112W 0 - -
67 34 2926-Apr-0322:34:50 3686 816 11456 P -t 1.3882 0.2784 72N 110E 0 - -
68 35 2944-Apr-1406:46:59 3824 842 11679 P -t 1.4177 0.2218 71N 26W 0 - -
69 36 2962-Apr-2514:50:27 3964 869 11902 P -t 1.4546 0.1506 71N 160W 0 - -
70 37 2980-May-0522:48:29 4108 897 12125 Pe -t 1.4964 0.0696 70N 69E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 144

Solar eclipses of Saros 144 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1736 Apr 11. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2980 May 05. The total duration of Saros series 144 is 1244.08 years.

Summary of Saros 144
First Eclipse 1736 Apr 11
Last Eclipse 2980 May 05
Series Duration 1244.08 Years
No. of Eclipses 70
Sequence 8P 39A 23P

Saros 144 is composed of 70 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 144
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 70100.0%
PartialP 31 44.3%
AnnularA 39 55.7%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 144 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 144
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 39100.0%
Central (two limits) 39100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 70 eclipses in Saros 144 occur in the following order : 8P 39A 23P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 144 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 144
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2168 Dec 2909m52s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 2547 Aug 1600m37s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 2583 Sep 07 - 0.95957
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2980 May 05 - 0.06958

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.