Saros 125

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 125

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 125

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 125 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 125
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-39 1060-Feb-0421:21:51 1253 46 -11625 Pb t- 1.5334 0.0080 62N 168E 0 - -
2-38 1078-Feb-1505:47:52 1171 44 -11402 P t- 1.5158 0.0406 62N 32E 0 - -
3-37 1096-Feb-2614:07:31 1093 42 -11179 P t- 1.4936 0.0820 61N 102W 0 - -
4-36 1114-Mar-0822:17:22 1020 40 -10956 P t- 1.4643 0.1366 61N 126E 0 - -
5-35 1132-Mar-1906:19:23 951 38 -10733 P t- 1.4292 0.2023 61N 3W 0 - -
6-34 1150-Mar-3014:11:30 886 36 -10510 P t- 1.3867 0.2819 61N 130W 0 - -
7-33 1168-Apr-0921:56:31 825 34 -10287 P t- 1.3391 0.3713 62N 105E 0 - -
8-32 1186-Apr-2105:32:42 768 32 -10064 P t- 1.2848 0.4732 62N 19W 0 - -
9-31 1204-May-0113:01:34 715 30 -9841 P t- 1.2250 0.5851 63N 140W 0 - -
10-30 1222-May-1220:23:59 665 29 -9618 P t- 1.1607 0.7053 63N 100E 0 - -
11-29 1240-May-2303:41:15 618 27 -9395 P t- 1.0929 0.8315 64N 19W 0 - -
12-28 1258-Jun-0310:54:15 575 25 -9172 P t- 1.0221 0.9627 65N 137W 0 - -
13-27 1276-Jun-1318:03:37 534 24 -8949 T t- 0.9491 1.0202 82N 135E 18 22601m07s
14-26 1294-Jun-2501:11:50 496 22 -8726 T p- 0.8757 1.0195 85N 154E 28 14001m11s
15-25 1312-Jul-0508:19:19 461 21 -8503 T p- 0.8029 1.0171 75N 68E 36 9901m08s
16-24 1330-Jul-1615:26:54 427 20 -8280 T p- 0.7308 1.0139 67N 36W 43 7001m00s
17-23 1348-Jul-2622:37:07 396 20 -8057 H p- 0.6616 1.0098 58N 143W 48 4500m46s
18-22 1366-Aug-0705:50:21 367 20 -7834 H p- 0.5958 1.0051 50N 107E 53 2200m26s
19-21 1384-Aug-1713:09:04 339 20 -7611 A p- 0.5355 0.9999 42N 5W 57 100m01s
20-20 1402-Aug-2820:31:36 313 20 -7388 A p- 0.4791 0.9943 34N 117W 61 2300m33s
21-19 1420-Sep-0804:02:07 288 20 -7165 A p- 0.4301 0.9885 27N 128E 64 4501m10s
22-18 1438-Sep-1911:38:06 265 20 -6942 A n- 0.3865 0.9826 20N 11E 67 6601m51s
23-17 1456-Sep-2919:22:24 243 20 -6719 A n- 0.3503 0.9768 14N 107W 69 8802m36s
24-16 1474-Oct-1103:12:15 222 20 -6496 A n- 0.3195 0.9711 8N 134E 71 10903m22s
25-15 1492-Oct-2111:10:34 203 20 -6273 A n- 0.2964 0.9657 3N 13E 73 12904m08s
26-14 1510-Nov-0119:13:49 184 20 -6050 A n- 0.2782 0.9607 2S 109W 74 14804m54s
27-13 1528-Nov-1203:22:57 167 20 -5827 A n- 0.2653 0.9562 5S 128E 75 16605m36s
28-12 1546-Nov-2311:35:40 152 20 -5604 A n- 0.2562 0.9521 7S 5E 75 18106m13s
29-11 1564-Dec-0319:52:05 138 20 -5381 A nn 0.2504 0.9487 9S 119W 76 19506m42s
30-10 1582-Dec-2504:08:38 127 20 -5158 A nn 0.2457 0.9459 9S 117E 76 20607m02s
31 -9 1601-Jan-0412:24:37 117 20 -4935 A nn 0.2410 0.9437 9S 7W 76 21407m13s
32 -8 1619-Jan-1520:38:06 95 17 -4712 A nn 0.2349 0.9422 8S 130W 76 22007m16s
33 -7 1637-Jan-2604:48:31 68 14 -4489 A nn 0.2265 0.9412 6S 107E 77 22307m12s
34 -6 1655-Feb-0612:51:54 41 12 -4266 A nn 0.2130 0.9408 4S 14W 78 22407m03s
35 -5 1673-Feb-1620:49:18 20 9 -4043 A nn 0.1951 0.9409 2S 134W 79 22306m52s
36 -4 1691-Feb-2804:37:41 8 6 -3820 A nn 0.1701 0.9414 1N 109E 80 22006m40s
37 -3 1709-Mar-1112:18:34 9 5 -3597 Am nn 0.1395 0.9422 3N 6W 82 21606m29s
38 -2 1727-Mar-2219:47:55 10 4 -3374 A nn 0.0996 0.9432 6N 118W 84 21106m20s
39 -1 1745-Apr-0203:09:18 12 3 -3151 A nn 0.0536 0.9444 8N 132E 87 20506m13s
40 0 1763-Apr-1310:19:31 15 2 -2928 A nn -0.0010 0.9455 9N 25E 90 20106m11s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 125
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 1 1781-Apr-2317:21:25 17 2 -2705 A nn -0.0620 0.9467 10N 79W 87 19706m13s
42 2 1799-May-0500:13:07 14 1 -2482 A nn -0.1310 0.9476 9N 179E 83 19406m20s
43 3 1817-May-1606:58:14 12 1 -2259 A nn -0.2049 0.9483 8N 79E 78 19406m30s
44 4 1835-May-2713:35:42 6 1 -2036 A np -0.2846 0.9486 5N 20W 74 19606m44s
45 5 1853-Jun-0620:07:21 7 1 -1813 A -p -0.3685 0.9486 2N 118W 68 20306m59s
46 6 1871-Jun-1802:35:01 -1 0 -1590 A -p -0.4550 0.9481 3S 145E 63 21407m14s
47 7 1889-Jun-2809:00:00 -6 0 -1367 A -p -0.5431 0.9471 10S 47E 57 23207m22s
48 8 1907-Jul-1015:24:32 7 0 -1144 A -p -0.6313 0.9456 17S 51W 51 25807m23s
49 9 1925-Jul-2021:48:42 24 0 -921 A -p -0.7193 0.9436 25S 150W 44 30007m15s
50 10 1943-Aug-0104:16:13 26 0 -698 A -p -0.8041 0.9409 35S 109E 36 36706m59s
51 11 1961-Aug-1110:46:47 34 0 -475 A -p -0.8859 0.9375 46S 4E 27 49906m35s
52 12 1979-Aug-2217:22:38 50 0 -252 A -t -0.9632 0.9329 60S 109W 15 95306m03s
53 13 1997-Sep-0200:04:48 63 0 -29 P -t -1.0352 0.8988 72S 114E 0 - -
54 14 2015-Sep-1306:55:19 68 0 194 P -t -1.1004 0.7875 72S 2W 0 - -
55 15 2033-Sep-2313:54:31 76 2 417 P -t -1.1583 0.6890 72S 121W 0 - -
56 16 2051-Oct-0421:02:15 86 6 640 P -t -1.2094 0.6024 72S 118E 0 - -
57 17 2069-Oct-1504:19:56 99 10 863 P -t -1.2524 0.5298 72S 6W 0 - -
58 18 2087-Oct-2611:46:57 115 16 1086 P -t -1.2882 0.4696 71S 131W 0 - -
59 19 2105-Nov-0619:23:02 133 22 1309 P -t -1.3168 0.4218 70S 102E 0 - -
60 20 2123-Nov-1803:07:26 154 29 1532 P -t -1.3389 0.3848 69S 26W 0 - -
61 21 2141-Nov-2810:59:33 177 37 1755 P -t -1.3552 0.3577 68S 156W 0 - -
62 22 2159-Dec-0918:58:33 203 46 1978 P -t -1.3664 0.3392 67S 74E 0 - -
63 23 2177-Dec-2003:01:35 232 55 2201 P -t -1.3748 0.3251 66S 57W 0 - -
64 24 2195-Dec-3111:09:22 263 64 2424 P -t -1.3797 0.3166 65S 171E 0 - -
65 25 2214-Jan-1119:17:52 297 74 2647 P -t -1.3848 0.3078 64S 39E 0 - -
66 26 2232-Jan-2303:27:39 333 85 2870 P -t -1.3891 0.3001 63S 93W 0 - -
67 27 2250-Feb-0211:34:06 372 96 3093 P -t -1.3969 0.2864 63S 137E 0 - -
68 28 2268-Feb-1319:39:31 413 107 3316 P -t -1.4059 0.2703 62S 7E 0 - -
69 29 2286-Feb-2403:39:23 457 119 3539 P -t -1.4204 0.2448 62S 122W 0 - -
70 30 2304-Mar-0711:34:23 504 132 3762 P -t -1.4389 0.2118 61S 111E 0 - -
71 31 2322-Mar-1819:21:51 553 145 3985 P -t -1.4640 0.1671 61S 14W 0 - -
72 32 2340-Mar-2903:03:37 604 158 4208 P -t -1.4941 0.1131 61S 138W 0 - -
73 33 2358-Apr-0910:37:39 659 172 4431 Pe -t -1.5309 0.0467 61S 100E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 125

Solar eclipses of Saros 125 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1060 Feb 04. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2358 Apr 09. The total duration of Saros series 125 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 125
First Eclipse 1060 Feb 04
Last Eclipse 2358 Apr 09
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 12P 4T 2H 34A 21P

Saros 125 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 125
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 33 45.2%
AnnularA 34 46.6%
TotalT 4 5.5%
HybridH 2 2.7%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 125 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 125
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 40100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 125 occur in the following order : 12P 4T 2H 34A 21P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 125 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 125
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1907 Jul 1007m23s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1384 Aug 1700m01s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1294 Jun 2501m11s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1330 Jul 1601m00s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1348 Jul 2600m46s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1366 Aug 0700m26s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1258 Jun 03 - 0.96271
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1060 Feb 04 - 0.00799

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.