Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15 is visible from the geographic regions shown on the map to the right. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1656 Dec 15 at 20:59:51 TD (20:59:12 UT1). This is 6.7 days before the Moon reaches apogee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Sagittarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of -3290.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 107 and is number 62 of 72 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

This is a very deep partial eclipse. It has an eclipse magnitude of 0.3102, while Gamma has a value of -1.3790.

The partial solar eclipse of 1656 Dec 15 is followed two weeks later by a total lunar eclipse on 1656 Dec 31.

Another solar eclipse occurs one synodic month after the 1656 Dec 15 eclipse. It is the partial solar eclipse of 1657 Jan 14.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 38.9 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15 .


Eclipse Data: Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 0.31022
Eclipse Obscuration 0.19485
Gamma-1.37900
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1656 Dec 15 at 20:59:51.1 TD (20:59:12.2 UT1) 2326251.374447
Ecliptic Conjunction 1656 Dec 15 at 20:45:04.1 TD (20:44:25.1 UT1) 2326251.364180
Equatorial Conjunction 1656 Dec 15 at 20:51:16.3 TD (20:50:37.4 UT1) 2326251.368488
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1656 Dec 15 at 20:59:51.1 TD (20:59:12.2 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension17h37m01.4s17h37m20.5s
Declination-23°22'44.2"-24°40'55.9"
Semi-Diameter 16'15.7" 15'30.9"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 0°56'56.4"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 5.1°
b 1.7°
c 3.7°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 38.9 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 107 (62/72)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP119:38:51.119:38:12.256°43.2'S113°22.9'E
Last External ContactP422:21:00.022:20:21.152°03.5'S032°17.5'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N119:50:30.619:49:51.651°43.0'S118°27.0'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S122:09:20.822:08:41.846°38.1'S035°48.9'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1656 Dec 15 at 21:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.07786 -1.37680 -23.3755 0.55950 0.01328 135.8824
1 0.53522 0.02975 -0.0018 0.00012 0.00012 14.9963
2 -0.00003 0.00023 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 -0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047545
Tan ƒ2 0.0047308

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 21.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Partial Solar Eclipse of 1656 Dec 15 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 38.9 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.